Half of the United States is about to ban abortion.
On both sides of the deep divide that divides the country, American elected officials began Sunday what promises to be a tense and lasting battle on abortion, both at the state level and in Congress.
For the third consecutive day, supporters of the right to abortion mobilized to protest against the decision of the Supreme Court to annul what many considered to be an acquired right.
A candlelight vigil was scheduled for Sunday evening in front of the high court, near the Capitol.
In a country fragmented between States which have already or will soon deny the right to abortion, which had been guaranteed since 1973, and those which will maintain it, even strengthen it, the differences of opinion have sometimes turned into a scuffle during protests over the weekend, prompting dozens of arrests.
Complete ban in Missouri
Within hours Friday, at least eight states immediately made all abortions illegal and seven more are planning to do the same in the coming weeks.
Missouri was the first to pull the trigger, with a total ban, with no exceptions for rape or incest.
Republican Governor of Arkansas Asa Hutchinson ruled on NBC that his state, where a similar measure was passed, and others should now focus on helping mothers and newborns by expanding health services. 'adoption.
This conservative welcomed the return to the states of decisions on abortion, but he opposed any effort by the Republican Party to ban abortion at the federal level or try to reduce access to contraception.
Some elected officials hail “wonderful news”
"In Arkansas, the right to birth control is important," he said.
" He is recognized.
We won't touch it."
Republican South Dakota Governor Kristi Noem called the abandonment “Roe v.
Wade” of “wonderful news for the defense of life”, but added that she expects a lot of “debate and discussion” in her state and elsewhere about the legislation to come.
She said she was in favor of laws banning “telemedicine abortions”, an allusion to abortion pills prescribed in teleconsultation, a practice approved by the American drug agency, the FDA.
For their part, supporters of the right to abortion quickly mobilized.
“Fight with all your might” to protect women and their rights
The family planning organization Planned Parenthood launched legal proceedings in Utah on Saturday to try to block the automatic implementation of a law that would ban almost all abortions and criminalize health professionals who practice it.
In Wisconsin, where an 1849 law prohibiting abortion except for women whose lives would be at stake is likely to come into force, Democratic Governor Tony Evers has promised to pardon any doctor who is prosecuted.
In the state of Michigan, whose Congress is controlled by Republicans, Democratic Governor Gretchen Whitmer has promised to "fight with all her might" to protect women's rights.
She too went to court to prevent the implementation of a law prohibiting abortion.
On CNN, Democratic candidate for governor of Georgia, Stacey Abrams, noted that her state would ban all abortions after six weeks of pregnancy in the coming days.
"It's appalling and it's a mistake, and if I'm governor, I will do everything possible to reverse it."
In the states where the laws are the strictest, women will have the choice between keeping the baby, undergoing a clandestine abortion, obtaining abortion pills or going to a state where abortion will remain legal.
The majority of Americans against this rollback of rights
For elected progressive Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, nightmare situations will multiply.
“Forcing women to continue their pregnancies against their will will kill them, it will kill them,” she exclaimed on NBC.
She suggested that the Biden administration open family planning clinics on federal lands in abortion-banning states.
According to a poll published Sunday by CBS, a majority of Americans disapprove of the Supreme Court's decision: 59% of respondents and 67% of women oppose it.
In addition, 52% of respondents considered it a setback for the United States, while 31% considered it an advance.
United States: After the right to abortion revoked, access to abortion pills threatened?
United States: Associations and political leaders deplore the revocation of the right to abortion by the Supreme Court