When asked about the necessity of constitutional amendment in the NHK questionnaire conducted to the candidates for the Upper House election, 53% answered "necessary" and 30% answered "not necessary".

Regarding the Constitution, the ruling and opposition parties have held more discussions on the Constitution in the ordinary Diet session this year, and each party has included it in their pledges in this House of Councilors election, which is one of the issues.



The focus is also on whether positive forces on the constitutional amendment will secure two-thirds of the seats needed to propose the amendment, not only in the House of Representatives but also in the House of Councilors.

In a questionnaire conducted by NHK to candidates for the Upper House election, we asked whether the current constitution needs to be amended in three stages, including "I can't say either."


▽ "Need to revise" was 53%


▽ "No need to revise" was 30%


▽ "Neither can be said" was 12%.

Comparing the average number of responses by political party, the LDP has the highest degree of "need to be revised", followed by the Nippon Ishin no Kai, the Democratic Party for the People, and the NHK Party. The degree is high.



Komeito is slightly leaning towards "need".



On the other hand, the Communist Party, Reiwa Shinsengumi, and the Social Democratic Party all answered that "there is no need to revise."



Next, the Constitutional Democratic Party has a higher degree of "not necessary".



We asked about the pros and cons of amending Article 9 of the Constitution and clearly stating the Self-Defense Forces in three stages, including "I can't say either."


▽ "Agree" was 46%


▽ "Disagree" was 35%


▽ "I can't say either" was 12%.

Comparing the average number of responses by political party, the degree of "agreement" is particularly high for the Nippon Ishin no Kai and the Liberal Democratic Party, followed by the NHK Party and the Democratic Party for the People.



On the other hand, the Communist Party and the Social Democratic Party answered that all candidates were "opposed."



Following this, the degree of "opposition" is higher in the order of the Constitutional Democratic Party, Reiwa Shinsengumi, and Komeito.



Pros and cons of amending the Constitution to provide an "emergency clause" that temporarily strengthens government authority or extends the term of parliamentarians in the event of an emergency such as a large-scale disaster or terrorism. I heard in three stages including "I can't say either".


▽ "Agree" was 39%


▽ "Disagree" was 43%


▽ "I can't say either" was 14%.

Comparing the average number of responses by political party, the degree of "agreement" is higher in the order of Nippon Ishin no Kai, Liberal Democratic Party, Democratic Party for the People, and NHK Party.



In response, the Communist Party replied that all candidates were "opposed."



Next, the Social Democratic Party, the Constitutional Democratic Party, and the Reiwa Shinsengumi have the highest degree of "opposition."



On the other hand, the Komeito is almost halfway between "agreement" and "disagreement".

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