(A close look at China) Where is the world going?

Xi Jinping Answers "Four Questions of the Times"

  China News Service, Beijing, June 23 (Reporter Liang Xiaohui) At present, the century-old changes in the world and the epidemic of the century are intertwined, global development has encountered serious setbacks, and the international situation is at a more complex and turbulent historical juncture. "Where is the world going" has become an era. question.

  "Peace or war? Development or recession? Open or closed? Cooperation or confrontation?" On the 22nd, Chinese President Xi Jinping attended the opening ceremony of the BRICS Business Forum by video and delivered a keynote speech, clearly answering the "Four Questions of the Times".

  - Peace rather than war.

  Peace is China's firm choice.

Xi Jinping has emphasized many times that peace is like air and sunshine, benefiting without realizing it, and losing it, it is hard to survive.

Facing the current peace worries, he reiterated, "We must unite and cooperate to jointly maintain world peace and stability."

  The world is not peaceful, and the painful facts of the Ukrainian crisis have made people more aware of the value of peace, and it has also made the world see clearly: superstition of power status, expansion of military alliances, and sacrifice of other countries' security for one's own security will inevitably lead to a security predicament .

  "Hegemony, bloc politics, and camp confrontation will not bring peace and security, but will only lead to war and conflict." Xi Jinping pointed out the crux of the problem in his speech, calling for facing a turbulent world, we must not forget the original intention of the UN Charter and keep in mind the protection of peace mission.

  The global security initiative is a concentrated expression of China's efforts to clear the fog of security awareness and safeguard peace in the world.

Xi Jinping reiterated the core essence of the initiative's "six insistences" and reiterated that the international community should abandon zero-sum games and jointly oppose hegemonism and power politics.

  "In today's world, some countries, in pursuit of their own absolute security, are keen to form cliques and engage in exclusive 'small circles' and 'small groups', which are a serious threat to global security." Wu Xiaodan, a special researcher at the Xi Jinping Diplomatic Thought Research Center, pointed out that China proposes a global The security initiative has shown itself as an activist to maintain world peace and tranquility.

"In a turbulent world, China has always been the 'ballast stone' of world peace."

  - Coping with recession with development.

  At present, the global development process has been severely impacted, the momentum of international development cooperation has weakened, and the development gap between the North and the South has further widened.

Faced with the worry that "the achievements of global poverty reduction in the past decades may be in vain", Xi Jinping pointed out that we should help each other and jointly promote global sustainable development.

  "China is sharing its successful experience with the world, that is, using 'development' to solve problems," said Chen Fengying, a researcher at the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations.

  Development is the master key to solving all problems.

It is precisely because of the persistent pursuit of development that China has become the second largest economy in the world, and the Chinese people can live a happy life, which is also regarded as an important "code" for China's success.

  "We must adhere to the heart of the people and the interests of the world, and promote global development into a new era for the benefit of people of all countries." Focusing on the implementation of the UN's 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Xi Jinping gave a global development initiative in his speech. The "China Plan" to deal with the recession, from cooperation in poverty reduction, health, education, digital interconnection, industrialization and other fields, to cooperation in food, energy, and anti-epidemic, ultimately settles in the happiness of people around the world.

  Chen Fengying believes that today, China is sharing ideas for solving problems with the world through global development initiatives.

China, which has developed "people-centered", is also using this development experience to give back to the world, and to promote the return of development issues to the core international agenda.

  - Promoting opening rather than closing.

  For some time now, economic globalization has encountered "headwinds and currents".

Some countries want to implement "decoupling and breaking the chain" and build a "small courtyard with a high wall", and the concern of closure has aroused widespread concern in the international community.

  In this regard, Xi Jinping clearly responded in his speech, "We must be inclusive, and jointly expand openness and integration." He explained from both positive and negative aspects: a more open and inclusive world can bring broader development space for all countries. , to bring a more prosperous future to mankind; to reverse history and try to block other people's roads will only block their own road in the end.

  According to Li Ruiqin, deputy dean of the School of International Economics and Trade of Central University of Finance and Economics, this statement is not only a true portrayal of the history of world economic development, but also comes from China's own experience in economic development.

The prosperity and development of the world economy, including the rise of the East Asian economy, benefited from the economic opening-up policy.

  Therefore, even under the influence of the new crown epidemic and the contraction of global demand, China has continued to expand its opening up.

Data show that from January to November 2021, China's actual use of foreign capital was 1,042.2 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 15.9%.

  "Mount Tai does not allow soil, so it can become great; rivers and seas do not choose trickles, so they can be deep." In his speech, Xi Jinping quoted the words of Li Si's "Remonstrance and Chasing Guest Book" of the Qin Dynasty, emphasizing "to be inclusive, inclusive, mutually beneficial and win-win talents." It is the right way in the world", and once again released China's determination to expand opening up: China will continue to improve the level of opening up to the outside world, and warmly welcome everyone to invest and start business in China.

  - Cooperation rather than confrontation.

  For some time now, in the international political and economic landscape, the color of "confrontation" has been strong.

Some important industrial chains and supply chains have been interfered with, and the international financial market continued to be turbulent.

At the same time, the sanctions and counter-sanctions triggered by the Ukraine crisis have had consequences far beyond the geographical scope of the countries involved.

Georgieva, President of the International Monetary Fund, said in an article a few days ago that extreme sanctions will disrupt global supply chains, drag down economic growth, and undo the achievements of economic development over the past few years.

  In April this year, Xi Jinping used the metaphor of "machines and parts" at the Boao Forum for Asia to refute some bad behaviors.

This time, Xi Jinping once again expressed his attitude of cooperation rather than confrontation: we must work together in the same boat to achieve win-win cooperation.

He even compared sanctions to "boomerangs" and "double-edged swords": they will eventually harm others and themselves, and the people of the world will suffer.

  Su Xiaohui, deputy director of the Institute of American Studies at the China Institute of International Studies, said that economic globalization has closely linked the interests of all countries. The cost of blindly using sanctions will be huge, and everyone will be affected.

In this context, the practical significance of Xi Jinping's proposal to cooperate rather than confrontation is more prominent, and it also reflects the historical responsibility of bravely answering the questions of the times.

  The pace of history will not stagnate, and the changing international situation will continue to bring new "questions of the times".

What kind of world are we going to build?

How to build this world?

How can we not be afraid of floating clouds, not be confused by a momentary event, and not be afraid of risks?

It is observed that Xi Jinping's answers to the "Four Questions of the Times" will also inspire the world to think about new "Questions of the Times".