The State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council required to break the "ceiling" of the salary and treatment of scientific and technological personnel


   , and the market-oriented reform of "Science and Technology Reform Demonstration Enterprise" has achieved substantial breakthroughs

  In the face of the complex situation in which the instability and uncertainty of the external environment for my country's development have increased significantly, the importance and urgency of smoothing the big cycle through scientific and technological innovation is unprecedented.

It is necessary to push forward the work of scientific and technological innovation in depth with greater strength and speed in the spirit of not waiting for the time and scrambling for the day.

  □ Our reporter Hou Jianbin

  The State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council recently held a special promotion meeting to promote the experience of the "Science and Technology Reform Demonstration Action" and strengthen the incentives for scientific and technological innovation. Weng Jieming, deputy director of the State-owned Enterprise Reform Leading Group Office of the State Council and deputy director of the SASAC, pointed out that the "Science and Technology Reform Demonstration Action" was launched more than two years ago. , "Science and Technology Reform Demonstration Enterprises" give full play to the roles of "seeds", "head geese" and "top soldiers", and have achieved remarkable results in reforming and innovating two-wheel drive and promoting high-quality development of enterprises: "Science and Technology Reform Demonstration Enterprises" The market-oriented reform has achieved substantial Breakthroughs have been made, the intensity of R&D investment has been significantly increased, the team of scientific and technological talents has grown day by day, and the key reform tasks such as the board of directors should be fully established, the staff should be fully established, the tenure system of management members, and contractual management have been basically completed.

  However, we must also be soberly aware that the application of some corporate innovation incentive policies is not widespread and in-depth enough.

Weng Jieming said that in order to break the "ceiling" of the remuneration of scientific and technological personnel, the remuneration of scientific and technological personnel with great contributions can exceed that of managers of the same level.

For the scarce high-end scientific and technological talents introduced by the market, the market-based benchmarking method can be used to provide a "salary package" with market competitiveness.

  Weng Jieming re-emphasized that at present, the three-year reform of state-owned enterprises has entered a critical stage of decisive victory. It is necessary to focus on key tasks, roll the stone up the mountain, overcome difficulties bravely, promote scientific and technological innovation to continuously achieve new results, and ensure the successful conclusion of the three-year operation.

  Scientific and technological innovations continue to emerge

  In early 2020, the State Council State-owned Enterprise Reform Leading Group Office launched the "Science and Technology Reform Demonstration Action".

Over the past two years, the "Science and Technology Reform Demonstration Enterprise" has achieved remarkable results in the reform and innovation of two-wheel drive.

The data provided by Weng Jieming are very convincing:

  ——The R&D investment intensity has increased significantly. In 2021, the R&D investment intensity of "Science and Technology Reform Demonstration Enterprises" will reach 15.4%, much higher than the average level of central enterprises (2.49%), and also higher than the average level of listed companies on the Science and Technology Innovation Board (13%);

  ——The team of scientific and technological talents is growing day by day. In 2021, the proportion of scientific and technological personnel in "Science and Technology Reform Demonstration Enterprises" will reach 50.7% on average, basically forming a scientific and technological talent team with reasonable structure, high quality and strong innovation ability;

  ——Scientific and technological innovation achievements continue to emerge. By the end of 2021, it has won a total of 855 National Science and Technology Progress Awards and National Technology Invention Awards, and has accumulated 41,374 authorized invention patents...

  Weng Jieming said that the remarkable achievements of the "Science and Technology Reform Demonstration Action" were not only due to the efforts of the "Science and Technology Reform Demonstration Enterprise", but were formed through joint actions and joint efforts, including the strong support and promotion of the group company and local SASACs. Multi-dimensional collaborative innovation, guarantee of innovation policies, etc.

  Among them, the relevant practices of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region are remarkable.

For example, formulate the "Three-Year Action Plan for Accelerating the Scientific and Technological Innovation and Development of State-owned Enterprises in the District (2022-2024)", vigorously implement the core technology tackling, the creation of innovation platforms, the cultivation of innovative enterprises, the strengthening of enterprises with talents, the digital transformation of enterprises, and the open cooperation in scientific and technological innovation. and other innovative "six major projects", and clarified the key innovation and development direction of 9 "science and technology reform demonstration enterprises".

  According to Tang Aibin, deputy director of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guangxi will increase policy support and enhance the ability of enterprises to innovate and develop.

On the one hand, actively increase communication with relevant industry management departments such as development and reform, science and technology, establish an innovative project management mechanism of "recommendation by SASAC, approval by competent departments, and management by local departments", and support state-owned enterprises to undertake more scientific research topics and major projects. .

  On the other hand, "double first-class" colleges and universities and national-level scientific and technological R&D institutions that have established physical R&D institutions in Guangxi will be rewarded and guaranteed in accordance with policies, and enterprises are encouraged to strengthen cooperation with universities, research institutes and industries inside and outside the region. The research institutes work closely together to use the scientific research strength of colleges and universities to overcome technical problems.

Support enterprises to actively use market-oriented service platforms such as the Guangxi Intellectual Property Exchange Center, and attract social forces to cooperate to promote the technological transformation of scientific and technological achievements.

  Implement precise classification assessment and distribution

  Innovating the talent mechanism and building a strong scientific research team are the experiences and practices of many "Science Reform Demonstration Enterprises".

  China Huaneng Group and Tsinghua University, Xi'an Jiaotong University and other well-known universities set up joint scientific research institutions to explore a new model of deep integration of "production, study and research".

Driven by major scientific and technological projects, through "building a nest and attracting phoenixes", we will build a full-time R&D team of more than 2,000 people and a scientific and technological leading talent team of nearly 200 people.

  Deng Jianling, general manager of China Huaneng, said that China Huaneng optimizes salary incentives, adjusts the salary structure of scientific research enterprises, and tilts the incremental salary to the backbone of scientific research personnel. The salary increase of scientific research personnel is higher than the average increase. 4 times.

The market-oriented high-precision talents will be benchmarked against the market-oriented salary and given a separate list of the total salary, and the leaders and experts who undertake key core technology research tasks, create the "source" of original technology, and cultivate the "chain length" of the modern industrial chain will implement " Precise Incentives".

  At the same time, the "Guiding Opinions of China Huaneng Group Co., Ltd. on the Implementation of Medium- and Long-Term Incentives" was formulated to clarify the incentive methods, management procedures, plan formulation, supervision and management, organization and leadership of medium- and long-term incentives, and vigorously support qualified enterprises. Carry out various forms of medium and long-term incentives.

  "It is necessary to implement precise classification assessment and distribution." Weng Jieming said that the assessment cycle of technology-based enterprises should consider the research and development cycle.

For projects with long cycle, large initial investment, and difficult short-term results, important nodes and phased results should be assessed and motivated in a timely manner.

For significant patents, standards, etc., it is necessary to scientifically assess and evaluate, and add points and rewards in a timely manner.

It is necessary to actively change the inertial thinking, dare to break the distribution pattern that is not conducive to innovation, put an end to "egalitarianism", strengthen the dual benchmarking of innovation effectiveness and compensation, and motivate resources, especially incremental resources, to scarce, key positions and scientific research that makes outstanding contributions People lean.

  Weng Jieming pointed out that it is necessary to establish a core key talent compensation system with market competitive advantages.

To break the "ceiling" of the salary and treatment of scientific and technological personnel, the salary and treatment level of scientific and technological personnel with large contributions can exceed that of management personnel at the same level.

For key scarce talents, various security incentives such as housing and children's education can be provided to enhance their attractiveness and sense of belonging.

  Promote scientific and technological innovation work in depth

  In the face of the complex situation of a century of changes, superimposed epidemics, and a marked increase in the instability and uncertainty of my country's external environment for development, the importance and urgency of smoothing the cycle through scientific and technological innovation is unprecedented.

Weng Jieming emphasized that we must push forward the work of scientific and technological innovation in depth with greater strength and faster speed in the spirit of not waiting for time and only fighting for the day and night.

  First, the group company should do a good job of "strategic leadership + central planning + efficient driving force" to accelerate the formation of a "strong driving force" for scientific and technological innovation.

The group company should optimize the main direction and key areas of innovation entities at all levels, and promote the linkage and synergy between the upper and lower levels.

To classify and promote innovation.

According to the nature and life cycle of the project, establish a sound classification organization and management model, and provide comprehensive support for various innovations.

Under the guidance of the group's overall innovation strategy, implement more differentiated and precise authorization and decentralization, support the structure of board members of technology-based subsidiaries is more conducive to scientific and technological innovation-related decision-making, rationally allocate or recommend qualified scientific and technological talents as external directors, and speed up the implementation. The decision-making power of the board of directors in development planning, technology investment, transfer and transformation, etc.

  The second is that the main body of innovation should "build a good platform + build a good mechanism + make good use of talents", and fully stimulate the "endogenous power" of scientific and technological innovation.

The various reform measures of the market-oriented mechanism required by the three-year action for the reform of state-owned enterprises must be deeply penetrated and implemented within each innovation entity, especially at the grass-roots level.

Encourage the implementation of the "horse racing system" and "reward system", fair competition and selection of the best among the best.

For scientific research projects with clear mission objectives and technical routes, it is encouraged to sign a "military order" with the person in charge of the scientific research project to clarify responsibilities and rights by referring to the tenure system of management members and contractual management.

  The third is collaborative innovation to highlight "two-chain integration + collaborative research + achievement transformation" to effectively gather the "systematic synergy" of scientific and technological innovation.

Most technological innovations need to be achieved through cross-enterprise and cross-industry collaboration at different levels.

It is necessary to identify the entry point for the integration of the industrial chain and the innovation chain.

Deploy the innovation chain around the industrial chain, and deploy the industrial chain around the innovation chain. It is necessary to do a good job in the upstream and downstream coordination of the industrial chain, and promote the integration of the industrial chain and the innovation chain.

The innovation link should focus on the improvement of basic industrial capabilities, strengthen basic industrial research and applied basic research, effectively enhance the independent and controllable capabilities of the industrial chain, and form new competitive advantages in key links of the industrial chain; the industrial link should actively create an optimized innovation ecosystem and promote efficient innovation elements. Agglomeration to build a strong foundation supplementary chain pattern of innovation leadership, application traction, and supply and demand two-way force.

  Fourth, the innovation incentive policy should achieve "in-depth understanding + integrated application + pragmatic implementation", and continue to enhance the "policy attraction" of scientific and technological innovation.

It is necessary to play a "combination punch" of policy application.

It is necessary to establish a "map" or "matrix" for the application of innovation incentive policies from multiple dimensions and hierarchical classifications, enrich the application scenarios of the policy "toolbox", give full play to the differentiated incentive effects of different incentive methods on different personnel, and improve short-term and medium-term incentives. The combined effect of long-term incentives, material and non-material incentives.

Keywords: