"Sanxia" is very busy, what is he busy with?

How is the summer harvest this year?

How to ensure that the summer grains are received and the pellets are returned to the warehouse?

In addition, the south has entered the main flood season since June, and during the three summers, which natural disasters should we focus on, and what work should be done in the "longkou grabbing" (referring to grabbing crops in the face of natural disasters)?

  First of all, "Sanxia" is very busy, what are you busy with?

This "three summers" refers to summer harvest, summer seed, and summer management, which generally starts from mid-May every year and ends in June and July.

Summer harvest is mainly to harvest and dry winter wheat and rapeseed; summer seed is to sow summer corn, summer soybean and transplanted rice after the summer harvest; summer management is to carry out field management of spring and summer crops, including irrigation, fertilization, weeding, medicine, etc.

  "Three summers" is a key stage linking up the crop planting throughout the year, and it also involves the quality of the annual agricultural harvest.

So what is the overall situation of this summer harvest?

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs announced today the progress of machine harvesting of wheat this year. So far, the harvested area of ​​149 million mu has reached 49.1%, and almost half of it has been harvested, which is about 9.4 percentage points faster than last year.

While harvesting and purchasing, the grain landed and returned to the warehouse quickly. With the large-scale harvest in the main production area, the new wheat will also be officially purchased in 2022.

So what are the characteristics of this year's Xinmai acquisition?

"Three highs", that is, high quality, high quantity and high price.

Online Appointment for Digital Acquisition

  In Xiangyang, Hubei, winter wheat is being harvested one after another. Looking at his own land of more than 20 mu, villager Zhang Xinguo made a calculation.

Zhang Xinguo, a villager in Xueliu Village, Huangji Town, Xiangzhou District, Xiangyang City, Hubei Province: One

pound of wheat is sold for 1.5 yuan, which is 4 cents more than last year. This year, the state subsidies were issued early again. The subsidy for arable land is more than 70 yuan per mu, and the one-time subsidy for grain cultivation is about 14 yuan per mu. They are all supported by the state. I am really happy.

Cai Hongwei, head of Jiangyin Grain Depot of COFCO Trading:

This year's summer grain purchases showed "three highs" in terms of quantity, quality and price. The quality of wheat is good, and the yield per mu has also increased compared with previous years.

  At present, the warehouse of China Grain Reserve Group, which undertakes the main task of purchasing national grain reserves, is making every effort to prepare for the acquisition.

In the past few days, the service team of the Kuwucheng branch directly under the China Grain Reserve in Dezhou has sunk to the front line to publicize and explain the national acquisition policy. Another new change this year is to promote the reservation of grain sales: a mobile phone, a "Hui Sannong" "App, farmers can make online reservations in three to five minutes after they are proficient in operation.

Liu Fei, Sanxia Service Team of the Kuwucheng Branch of China Grain Reserve Co., Ltd. directly under the Dezhou branch:

According to the number of vehicles in the warehouse, you can arrange whether you will sell grain today to save time.

Li Xiuying, a major grain grower in Wucheng County, Dezhou City, Shandong Province:

It is more convenient. Selling grain has really solved one of the biggest problems.

  COFCO, which undertakes the task of market-oriented acquisitions, uniformly promotes the use of the Grain QuickPass system in the main grain producing areas to carry out digital acquisitions: farmers who sell grain can quickly register on the all-in-one machine, and the grain sales hall implements a number calling service, and the electronic large screen displays the day in real time. The transaction price and the entire operation process are all visualized and transparent.

He Zhixian, a grain seller in Jiangsu:

After the pound is finished, the (grain payment) will be sent to the card immediately.

This year, the minimum purchase price of summer grain has been raised in an all-round way

  The price of grain purchase is of course the most important factor that farmers care about, and it is also a very core factor.

This year, my country will continue to implement the minimum purchase price policy for wheat and rice in some major producing areas.

This is the price released by the State Administration of Grain and Material Reserves on May 19. The minimum purchase price of wheat, early indica rice, mid-late indica rice, and japonica rice is 115 yuan, 124 yuan, 129 yuan, and 131 yuan per 50 kilograms, respectively. It was 2 yuan, 2 yuan, 1 yuan, and 1 yuan higher than last year.

  The implementation of the minimum purchase price policy has been implemented in my country since 2004. Why must we keep the bottom line of grain prices?

What is the trend of food prices this year?

Click the video to listen to the analysis of Cheng Guoqiang, a professor at the School of Agriculture and Rural Development of Renmin University of China.

  Implementing the Minimum Purchase Price Policy to Protect Farmers' Enthusiasm for Growing Grain

Cheng Guoqiang, a professor at the School of Agriculture and Rural Development of Renmin University of China:

In order to protect the enthusiasm of farmers to grow grain, the minimum purchase price policy is implemented.

This year's "guaranteed" price of wheat is 1.15 yuan/catties. Previously, the purchase price of wheat was over 1.6 yuan/catties. This year's wheat purchase price is 2~3 hairs/catties higher than the "guaranteed" price. Compared with the past few years, the increase in wheat income this year has increased significantly. .

  The central government's package of support policies has been implemented ahead of schedule

  For farmers to sell grain smoothly, enterprises must also have the money to receive grain.

This year, the central government's package of support policies has been implemented ahead of schedule, including subsidies, incentives, insurance, agricultural credit guarantees, etc.

  222.483 billion yuan, which is the agricultural production development funds issued this year, an increase of about 12.18 billion yuan over last year; a one-time subsidy of 30 billion yuan to actual grain farmers, an increase of 10 billion yuan over last year.

The adverse impact of the early implementation of the subsidy policy is minimized

Cheng Guoqiang, a professor at the School of Agriculture and Rural Development of Renmin University of China:

The central government has given 30 billion yuan of support to offset the impact of rising production costs caused by rising prices of agricultural materials and increase farmers' enthusiasm for growing grain.

  In addition, the implementation of various fiscal subsidy policies this year is also significantly earlier than in previous years.

For example, last year, the one-off subsidy for grain farmers was issued at the end of June, but this year, the payment was advanced to mid-March.

Cheng Guoqiang, a professor at the School of Agriculture and Rural Development at Renmin University of China:

Global food prices, oil prices, and agricultural materials prices have risen. In fact, the policy has been preemptive and early, and this adverse impact can be reduced to a minimum.

  This year's fiscal policy to support agriculture not only focuses on forward-looking and timeliness, but also further increases support for agricultural insurance.

This year, the central government allocated a budget of 43.935 billion yuan for premium subsidies, an increase of 31.8% over last year.

  Zhang Chengzhu, a farmer in Xiangyang, Hubei Province, suffered strong winds last spring on more than 10 mu of wheat, reducing the yield by more than 100 catties. However, because of the insurance for planting income, he received a compensation of 30 yuan per mu of land.

With the insurance cover, Zhang Chengzhu has confidence in his heart, and this year, he has planted another 3 acres of land.

Zhang Chengzhu, a villager from Xueliu Village, Huangji Town, Xiangzhou District, Xiangyang City, Hubei Province, said:

Paying this insurance is 4 yuan and 5 cents per mu of land, which is very little.

  In Nanyang, Henan, Yang Wanlai, a major grain grower, also insures his own grain in advance. This year, the yield of the 430 mu of wheat he planted per mu is over 1,200 catties, and he received more than 20,000 yuan in various subsidies alone.

Yang Wanlai, a farmer from Huyang Town, Tanghe County, Nanyang City, Henan Province:

Buying insurance is done by the government. Feeling secure, secure, and willing to invest, he can farm with confidence.

How does summer harvest and summer seed "longkou grab food"?

  At present, the progress of the wheat harvest in the whole country is nearly half, and the southern region has basically entered the final stage.

There is a proverb called "harvesting wheat is like putting out a fire, and the dragon's mouth grabs the grain", which refers to the race against time in the summer harvest.

The so-called "longkou grabbing food" means to rush to harvest crops before the more frequent natural disasters in summer. This season, the common disastrous weather includes hot and dry wind, "rotten rain", strong wind, hail and so on.

To briefly explain, dry and hot wind generally refers to a disastrous weather with high temperature, low humidity and a certain wind force during the wheat blooming and grouting period; "rotten field rain" refers to the large-scale continuous rain or heavy rain during the mature and harvesting period of wheat.

These weathers are very unfavorable for the wheat harvest.

  The wheat harvest time falls just before the rainy season, the weather is changeable

  Since June, the south has entered the main flood season, and many places in the north have also been significantly affected by strong convective weather recently.

"Longkou grabbing food" is really going to be a bit of a race against time. How can we try to minimize the negative factors of disastrous weather during the harvest season?

What aspects should be paid attention to?

Click the video to listen to Cheng Guoqiang, a professor at the School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Renmin University of China.

Cheng Guoqiang, a professor at the School of Agriculture and Rural Development of Renmin University of China: The

wheat harvest time falls just before the rainy season, and the weather is changeable, and abnormal weather may lead to a reduction in wheat production or even no harvest. Grab the wheat and ensure that the wheat grains are returned to the warehouse.