Nicaragua: Parliament dissolves 83 associations, including the Language Academy

The main entrance to the Nicaraguan Language Academy, closed by decision of parliament in Managua, May 31, 2022. REUTERS - MAYNOR VALENZUELA

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The Parliament, dominated by the faithful of the president of Daniel Ortega, approved Tuesday by 75 votes out of 91 the abolition of the legal personality of these associations.

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This is a new blow in the repression of Ortega power.

Nicaragua's parliament on Tuesday voted to dissolve the nearly century-old Spanish Language Academy, along with 82 other NGOs and associations accused of violating the "

 foreign agents

 " law.

According to the Ministry of the Interior, the latter " 

have violated and have not complied with their

 legal obligations" and have "

 obstructed the control and surveillance 

" to which they are bound by the law of " 

foreign agents 

".

Founded in 1928, the Nicaraguan Academy of the Spanish Language, equivalent to the French Academy, is accused, like the other associations targeted, of not having complied with the law on "

 foreign agents 

" of 2020 which imposes on any person or entity receiving funds from outside countries to register with the Ministry of Interior.

This law also provides for a meticulous control of accounts and the suppression of civil and political rights.

The Nicaraguan Academy of the Spanish Language deeply regrets the cancellation of the legal personality of an institution dedicated to the study of the language and culture of Nicaraguan literature 

," the organization said in a statement.

Its dissolution hinders "

 the functioning of an institution, whose work has contributed to the enhancement of the most precious cultural asset: the language 

".

The Academy had already defended itself from the accusations brought against it by emphasizing that its work relates to the grammar and dictionary of the Spanish language.

NGOs, prime targets of the Nicaraguan government

Nearly 200 entities (NGOs, associations, humanitarian organizations, etc.) have so far been dissolved by the Nicaraguan authorities, who accuse them of receiving funds from abroad to foment a coup with the support of the United States. United.

In March 2022, 

twenty-five associations had been declared illegal

by Parliament.

These include organizations for the defense of human rights and freedom of information.

Since the crisis opened in 2018 by the demonstrations against the government of

Daniel Ortega

, the opposition has been bloodily repressed with a balance sheet of at least 355 dead, tens of thousands of exiles and hundreds of imprisonments, according to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR).

Re-elected in November 2021 for a fourth consecutive term in a ballot from which all his potential major opponents were absent, the latter having been arrested or forced into exile, the Nicaraguan president is today alone at the helm of the country.

► To read also: 

Nicaragua: the manager of the opposition newspaper "La Prensa" sentenced to nine years in prison

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  • Nicaragua

  • Daniel Ortega

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