Algeria -

In the custom of the Algerian region of Djelfa, it is said that the one who wears the brannos is “Ragel Terras” (a man of stubbornness) and the one who wears the Bernossian is “a foot and a half”, indicating that this dress is a sign of prestige for the man in the country.

It is also said to be "the jah of the rich and the warmth of the poor".

And “Al-Bernos” is a traditional dress worn by a large group of North Africans, and perhaps the best of its kind is what is made in the Algerian city of Massad and exported to neighboring countries.

It is a long jacket that covers the body from the shoulders to the feet, tied with a hood, without sleeves. It is worn in the winter season and has many colors that vary according to the raw material from which it is made, white, reddish brown, dark, black and gray.

Al-Bernos is worn over traditional dress and even over formal suits (Al-Jazeera)

raw material

As for the purebred “Al-Mas’adi” Arab “relative to the city of Massaad”, it is considered the best, according to specialists, as it is made from camel hair in its first year, or what is known in the region as “makhoul” and in other regions as “aqeeqah”.

Mr. Ammar Hijab, who is one of the oldest owners of "craftsmanship" for nearly 40 years, describes to Al Jazeera Net the method of extracting the finest hair of the prunus.

Hijab says, "The hair of a newborn camel, which is less than a year old, is sheared, washed and then passed through a "gauze" - which is a piece of cloth with very small holes - to filter the coarse hair from the fine ones, and the latter is used in the manufacture of barnous, while the rest is abandoned.

According to Uncle Ammar Hijab, collecting the raw material may take several months, and shearing the required quantity for one “bronous” requires dozens of camels, to collect approximately 2 kilograms of animal hair, of which only about 700 grams are used.

After the pile is filtered, it is spun and passed on a manual machine known locally as "Qardash" in order to soften it and make it a homogeneous thread, after which the women gather to weave it. The width of the "Al-Barnos" is mostly 4.5 meters.

Albernus value

The quality of the "Al-Barnos" is known to the experienced through its heavy lifting and thickness, and one of its most prominent characteristics is that it can be folded and carried with the palm of one hand, and this dress prevents the entry of air and wind and the passage of rain and cold.

The young fashion designer, Amin Hijab, compares Hassan to the way camel hair is used in "Al-Bernos", with what is used in Peru and Chile.

According to the spokesman, the price of a scarf in Peru and Chile for international brands reaches about $ 5,000, and the price of "Al-Bernos" varies according to the difference in the raw material, so the price of white made of wool does not exceed $150, while the fleece reaches two thousand dollars and more.

The linden barnose prevents wind and rainwater intrusion (the island)

Bernaus women

The woman later wore the Bernous in Algeria, after new materials were introduced to it, so it was designed with special embroideries, in addition to the use of silk, velvet and other fabrics, making it capable of "feminizing".

And the bride comes out of her family's house, according to the customs of some regions, wearing her father's horn. It is said, "She went out with his jacket and under his wing."


Al-Barnos was associated with the names of the leaders of the popular revolutions in Algeria and the heroes of the liberation revolution, such as Prince Abdel Qader, Sheikh Bouamama, the scholar Abdel Hamid bin Badis and many others.

Some of them used the pornos to hide under it secret leaflets in the ranks of the Liberation Front, along with weapons and medicines.

After that, the presidents and leaders of Algeria continued to wear "Bernous", and perhaps the late Houari Boumediene, who some like to call him "Moul of the owner of El-Bernous", the most prominent of those who stuck to it, some even say that he moved specifically to the city of Massad to choose "Bernoussa".

Mohiuddin Amimour, a former diplomat, tells the story of his appointment as ambassador to Pakistan, in an article in which he tells about his wearing of this traditional dress while handing over his credentials and how "Al-Barnos" became public and private talk in Pakistan at the time.

It is hardly a prominent figure in Algeria to receive "Bebernos" and Berri (cap - hat) as a high-end gift, woven by those who adhere to the manufacture of this traditional dress and the country's presidents boast about wearing it and presenting it to their guests.

Whoever entered Algeria and received Bernos, he won the respect and dignity of its people.