China News Service, May 29. According to the WeChat official account of "Shanghai Release", at the press conference on Shanghai's epidemic prevention and control work held on the afternoon of May 29, Wu Qing, member of the Standing Committee of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee and executive vice mayor, introduced "Shanghai City's Action Plan for Accelerating Economic Recovery and Revitalization".
Wu Qing introduced that the current round of the epidemic has had a huge impact on Shanghai's economic and social development, and market players have encountered unprecedented difficulties. It is necessary to prevent the epidemic and stabilize the economy.
At present, Shanghai is in a critical period of economic recovery and development. The top priority is to fully implement the central government's deployment, protect enterprises and employment, and strive to stabilize the economic fundamentals.
To this end, we have carefully analyzed the impact of the current round of the epidemic on Shanghai's economy, evaluated the implementation of the "21 policies" issued at the end of March to fight the epidemic and aided enterprises, and extensively listened to the opinions of various market players through questionnaires and video conferences. Appeals and suggestions, proceeding from reality, formulate fifty measures to help enterprises to rescue policies and economic recovery and revitalization.
In the formulation of policies, we have always put the protection of market players at an important position, implemented various policies in a superimposed manner, gave full play to the comprehensive effect of policies, supported and helped various enterprises, especially small, medium and micro enterprises with operational difficulties, to tide over the difficulties, and focused on grasping the "four" coordinator":
The first is to coordinate the relationship between normalized epidemic prevention and control and economic recovery.
It is necessary to consolidate responsibilities without slackening, pay close attention to the prevention and control of the epidemic, and resolutely build a barrier for epidemic prevention and control.
It is also necessary to make precise efforts, highlight key points, focus on stabilizing market expectations, boost development confidence, and minimize the impact of the epidemic on economic and social development.
The second is to coordinate the relationship between state authorization and independent innovation.
Make good use of national policies, within the scope of local authority, and in combination with Shanghai’s actual situation, carry out policy innovations and breakthroughs, focus on issues of general concern to enterprises such as finance and taxation, social security, financing, and rent, and do our best to launch a group of highly targeted, high-quality, high-quality products. Efficient and direct relief policy.
The third is to coordinate the relationship between the promising government and the efficient market.
The government must act effectively. Under the circumstances of tax reduction and increased anti-epidemic expenditure, it will provide real money and silver to help companies overcome difficulties, help companies tide over difficulties, and alleviate their urgent needs.
At the same time, it is necessary to give full play to the main role of various market players in economic recovery and revitalization, and to enhance market vitality and economic resilience.
The fourth is to coordinate the relationship between inclusive encouragement and support and structural and precise policy implementation.
It is necessary to help various market players to take into account large and medium-sized enterprises, and to grasp the policy direction to promote the optimization and upgrading of the economic structure, support key enterprises, key projects and key regions to increase and decrease, and fully stimulate the potential of investment, consumption, foreign trade and other driving forces.
Wu Qing introduced that the "Action Plan" includes eight aspects and 50 policy measures. The main contents can be roughly divided into "four major sections":
The first section is mainly to fully help enterprises to bail out.
In response to the actual difficulties of enterprises, the comprehensive measures include delaying the payment of "five insurances and one housing fund" and taxes in stages, expanding the scope of housing rent reduction and exemption, reducing fees and profits for enterprises through multiple channels, increasing tax rebates and tax reductions, and issuing subsidies to help enterprises to stabilize jobs. Implement the policy of "remission, reduction, subsidy", and take a multi-pronged approach to reduce the burden on enterprises.
In terms of deferred payment, catering, retail, tourism, civil aviation, road, water, railway transportation and other extremely difficult industries, as well as small, medium and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households that have been affected by the epidemic and have difficulty in operating, deferred payment of social insurance premiums according to regulations, and employers can apply for deferred payment of housing provident fund. , taxpayers can defer tax returns or apply for deferral of tax payments.
In terms of reductions and exemptions, in addition to rent reductions, qualifying enterprises are exempted from property tax and urban land use tax, and non-resident users are given a 10% financial subsidy for 3 months of water, electricity, and natural gas fees, and 3 exemptions are given. Monthly unit domestic waste disposal fee, etc.
In terms of tax rebates and subsidies, we will further strengthen the policy of VAT credits and refunds, implement the full VAT refunds for both stock and incremental value-added tax in more industries. Enterprises in difficult industries will be given a one-time job stabilization subsidy, and qualified employers will be given a one-time employment subsidy.
The second sector is mainly about resumption of work and production and resumption of the market.
The resumption of work and production and the resumption of business and the market are issues of great concern to all kinds of enterprises at present.
In response to the blocking points of resumption of work and production, classified guidance, dynamic revision of the epidemic prevention and control guidelines for resumption of work and production and resumption of the market, cancellation of unreasonable restrictions on the resumption of work and production and resumption of the market for enterprises, and cancellation of the approval system for resumption of work and production for enterprises from June 1. We will expand the scope of subsidies for epidemic prevention and sterilization of enterprises, establish a mutual guarantee mechanism for the industrial chain and supply chain in the Yangtze River Delta, and smooth domestic and international logistics and transportation channels. We will support the resumption of work and production in various industries and the market, and steadily increase the production rate of enterprises.
The third sector is mainly to stabilize foreign trade and foreign trade and promote consumption and investment.
Focusing on stabilizing foreign investment and foreign trade, promoting the accelerated recovery of consumption, and giving play to the key role of investment, a series of vigorous policy measures have been put forward to comprehensively enhance the endogenous power of the economy.
In terms of stabilizing foreign investment, establish a service mechanism for the resumption of work and production of key foreign-funded enterprises, launch an online service system for major foreign-funded projects, start the application of special funds for the development of regional headquarters of multinational companies in Shanghai in 2022 in advance, and further support multinational companies to set up areas in Shanghai Headquarters and foreign-funded R&D centers focus on stabilizing the expectations and confidence of foreign-funded enterprises.
In terms of stabilizing foreign trade, we will increase support for export tax rebates and export credit insurance, encourage port and shipping companies to reduce or exempt cargo storage fees and demurrage fees, and help foreign trade companies fulfill their contracts.
In terms of promoting consumption, focusing on mass consumption, 40,000 new non-commercial passenger vehicle license plates will be added during the year, and the purchase tax for some passenger vehicles will be reduced in stages in accordance with the requirements of national policies, and individual consumers who replace pure electric vehicles will be given A one-time subsidy of 10,000 yuan will be given to support large-scale commercial and trade enterprises and e-commerce platforms to issue consumer coupons, support the development of cultural and creative, tourism, and sports industries, and vigorously promote the accelerated recovery of consumption.
In terms of investment expansion, strengthen the formulation of urban renewal planning, policy support and element guarantee, complete the transformation of old districts in the central city within the year, comprehensively speed up the transformation of sporadic old districts, and start more than 8 urban village reconstruction projects during the year.
We will make every effort to promote the resumption of work and production of projects under construction and the start of construction of new projects, support the expansion of the scale of application and issuance of corporate bonds, include new infrastructure, etc. in the scope of local government special bond support, further play the role of infrastructure REITs, and fully guide and stimulate social investment.
The fourth plate is mainly to strengthen support and guarantee.
Focusing on capital, land, talents, business environment, etc., a number of supporting and safeguarding policy measures have been put forward, and at the same time, a number of new policy measures have been further studied and reserved.
In terms of factor guarantee, speed up the allocation and implementation of special financial funds related to enterprises, improve the use and evaluation methods of special funds, and coordinate the use of subsidies for rent, loan interest, guarantee fees, employment stabilization and other subsidies to enterprises with operating difficulties.
Supporting the seamless loan renewal of small, medium and micro enterprises, in-depth implementation of the "Pujiang Light" action, and support for corporate listing and financing; in accordance with national policy requirements, shorten the commercial bill acceptance period from 1 year to 6 months. All exemptions are exempted; the rate of policy-based financing guarantees at the two levels in urban areas is reduced, and the policy of discounting interest and fees is implemented.
Guarantee the supply of land elements, start land market transactions as soon as possible, and increase the annual construction land plan.
In terms of people's livelihood security, we will stabilize and expand employment through multiple channels, increase training subsidies, and implement various support policies such as apprenticeship subsidies for college graduates and subsidies for job hunting and entrepreneurship.
Optimizing the conditions for talents to directly settle down, transfer households, purchase houses, etc., attract and retain all kinds of talents.
Through the distribution of one-time subsidies, love gift packages and other forms, the livelihood of the people in need is guaranteed.
In terms of optimizing the business environment, we will continue to carry out large-scale visits and inspections of leading cadres at all levels to "prevent the epidemic, stabilize the economy, and ensure safety", establish a service mechanism for rapid response and problem-solving to corporate demands, and implement a bailout and optimization campaign for market entities. A special action plan for business environment, increase the rate of “one-stop service” throughout the whole process, improve the credit repair mechanism, increase government procurement to support small and medium-sized enterprises, and stabilize the development expectations of platform enterprises and their symbiotic small, medium and micro enterprises.
Wu Qing said, "At present, we must not only win the battle to defend Shanghai, but also do a good job in economic recovery and revitalization. The task is very arduous. At present, many enterprises are working hard to overcome difficulties, take the initiative to assume social responsibilities, and promote the resumption of work and production in an orderly manner. We express our deep gratitude and respect for this. In the next step, we have clearly requested all departments and districts in the city to promptly issue detailed implementation rules, clarify the application process and handling guidelines, and implement application-free, one-click enjoyment, online processing, Precise push and other measures ensure that various policies are implemented as quickly as possible and reach market players efficiently. At the same time, we will also supplement and update policies in a timely manner according to the new policies issued by the country and the problems and demands reported by enterprises, and strengthen supervision and inspection and Policy evaluation, go all out to fight the epidemic, stabilize the economy, and promote development. In short, we will do our best to help all kinds of enterprises, serve all kinds of enterprises wholeheartedly, do everything possible to relieve the difficulties of all kinds of enterprises, and join hands with the majority of enterprises to face difficulties Let's work together to restore and revive Shanghai's economy. Although the epidemic has had a huge impact on Shanghai's economy and society, the fundamentals of Shanghai's economic development have not changed, and the long-term positive trend of Shanghai's economy has not changed. We will definitely be able to tide over the difficulties and usher in a better tomorrow!”Keywords: