Xi Jinping: Scientific and technological innovation, especially primitive innovation, must have the ability of creative thinking and strict verification methods, not be superstitious in academic authority, not blindly follow existing theories, dare to question boldly, earnestly demonstrate, and constantly test.

  This sentence is from the speech delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping at the Scientist Symposium on September 11, 2020.

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, my country has insisted on taking innovation as the primary driving force for development, and deeply implemented the innovation-driven development strategy.

In the past two years, my country's national strategic scientific and technological strength has accelerated, and key core technologies have continuously made breakthroughs. The R&D expenditure of enterprises increased by 15.5%, and the integration of the digital economy and the real economy accelerated.

  Throughout the history of human development, innovation is an inexhaustible driving force for the development of a country and a nation.

As a highly creative activity, scientific and technological innovation, its creative thinking is the basic way to discover and solve problems, and it is the most basic ability for scientists to demonstrate their scientific and technological innovation level.

  In China, whether it is Qian Xuesen, who is known as the father of "two bombs and one star", Yuan Longping, who created the super hybrid rice technology system, or Tu Youyou, who developed "artemisinin" to save the lives of millions of people around the world, these great scientists All of them have super creative thinking ability, and finally achieve a major breakthrough in basic, forward-looking and leading original achievements in related fields.

  Today's world is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century, and economic and technological competition among countries has become more intense.

my country's "14th Five-Year Plan" and the long-term development goals in 2035 put forward more urgent requirements for accelerating scientific and technological innovation.

To this end, my country has embarked on the implementation of a ten-year plan for basic research and a three-year plan for the reform of the scientific and technological system to accelerate the construction of an important talent center and innovation highland in the world.

  To achieve scientific and technological innovation, we must face the world's scientific and technological frontiers, national strategic needs, the main battlefield of the national economy, and people's lives and health, vigorously promote the spirit of scientists, take problems and needs as the guide, scientific demonstration, strict verification, and continuous exploration; dare to propose new theories , open up new fields, explore new paths, work hard on creativity, achieve new breakthroughs, and achieve new results; it is necessary to accelerate the construction of an interdisciplinary, large-scale synergistic scientific and technological infrastructure platform and innovation team with a major leading role, and fight for key core technologies. , and make new and great contributions to building the world's scientific and technological innovation power.

  Special expert for this issue: Song Hefa, School of Intellectual Property, University of Science and Technology of China