(A closer look at China) What is the "biggest human rights" in Xi Jinping's eyes?

  China News Agency, Beijing, May 26th: What is the "biggest human rights" in Xi Jinping's eyes?

  China News Agency reporter Zeng Jingning

  "Efforts to make people live a happy life are the greatest human rights."

  On May 25, when Chinese President Xi Jinping met by video-conference with UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet who was visiting China, he once again clearly expressed China's view on human rights to the world.

  "This is not only the main feature of China's human rights development, but also the valuable experience gained in the practice of advancing my country's human rights cause." Chang Jian, director of the Human Rights Research Center of Nankai University, said that China's human rights are not a show, nor a tool for political elections. The starting point and the ending point are the people.

  Xi Jinping attaches great importance to human rights and has sent congratulatory letters to various international activities on the theme of human rights.

In December 2018, Xi Jinping wrote in his congratulatory letter to the symposium commemorating the 70th anniversary of the publication of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, "The happy life of the people is the greatest human right." It clearly conveyed to the world the fundamental value of China's human rights.

  On February 25 this year, when the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee conducted the thirty-seventh collective study on China's human rights development path, Xi Jinping emphasized that the right to subsistence and development should be the primary basic human rights.

Survival is the basis for the enjoyment of all human rights, and a happy life for the people is the greatest human right.

  Observers pointed out that Xi Jinping repeatedly referred to "the people" in his meeting with the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet.

In this regard, Zhang Yonghe, executive director of the Institute of Human Rights at Southwest University of Political Science and Law, said that the people are the main body of China's human rights cause.

People's nature is the most marked spiritual core of Chinese human rights theory.

There are two test criteria for the people's nature of human rights in China. One is whether the people enjoy human rights in their political life. The people's democracy in the whole process currently implemented in China has formed a wide range of full, real, concrete and effective political rights that can be touched; Whether the people really live a happy life.

  "In just a few decades, China has lifted 800 million poor people out of poverty, solved the problem of absolute poverty historically, and built a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. The basic rights of the Chinese people have been continuously more fully guaranteed, and China has created humankind. A new miracle in human rights protection in history.” Lu Guangjin, secretary-general of the China Human Rights Research Association and a professor at the Law School of Jilin University, pointed out that the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) was founded in 1990 and released the “Human Development Index”, whose three basic indicators are life expectancy, Education level and quality of life.

China is the only country that has moved from the low human development group to the high human development group since the index was released.

The historic achievements in the development of China's human rights cause have proved the scientific and rationality of China's human rights development path.

  "The rights to subsistence and development are the foundation of other rights. Without the rights to subsistence and development, other rights are trees without roots." Zhang Yonghe pointed out that the first human rights to be solved in China are the rights to subsistence and development, and this established path is determined. In the future, through down-to-earth poverty alleviation and poverty alleviation, the Chinese government has transformed from a "well-off home" to a "well-off society", from "generally well-off" to "comprehensively well-off", and from "comprehensive construction" to "completing a well-off society in an all-round way," China has achieved the strategic goal of a happy life for the people.

  During the meeting, Xi Jinping emphasized that "the connotation of human rights is comprehensive and rich, and must be comprehensively implemented and systematically promoted."

Chang Jian noted that this is an important experience in China's implementation of the promotion of human rights.

Each country has different national conditions, so China proposes the concept of overall planning. Especially in developing countries, the rights to subsistence and development are the first and foremost, and other aspects of human rights should be advanced and coordinated. Only then can we formulate a strategy for improving human rights that conforms to our own actual conditions.

  Chang Jian pointed out that during the meeting, Xi Jinping not only introduced China's human rights experience and philosophy, but also put forward China's basic propositions on global human rights governance.

Human rights require everyone to be equal and all countries to be equal. In terms of human rights, it is difficult to say which country is perfect. As Xi Jinping said, "there is no best protection for human rights, only better." At the same time, he emphasized that "human rights are historical and specific. realistic and realistic”, which is to understand human rights as an idea, norm and practice in the process of development.

  Zhang Yonghe said that the cause of human rights is constantly developing. A country cannot think that its human rights proposition is "perfect", it should not accuse other countries and act as a "teacher", and it should not politicize and instrumentalize human rights issues and engage in double standards. Interfering in the internal affairs of other countries under the pretext of human rights.

  "Therefore, we should oppose the politicization of human rights, double standards, and the use of human rights as a means of controlling other countries. Only in this way can the cause of human rights achieve healthy development." Zhang Yonghe said.