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How to make logistics smoother under the epidemic?

  Fully open the aorta, basically smooth the microcirculation, expand the logistics to ensure smooth flow, and promote the efficient operation of the industrial chain and supply chain.

How to achieve the overall planning of "anti-epidemic" and "guarantee smooth", and solve the blocking and difficult problems in logistics and transportation?

  What problems have been solved by Baotong and Baochang in the past month or so?

Wang Wei, Director of the Market Economy Research Institute of the Development Research Center of the State Council:

It should be said that in the past month or so, relevant departments and local governments have done very positive work in ensuring the smooth flow of traffic.

First of all, we must solve the problems of inability, impassability, and unwillingness to travel on expressways that have been concentrated from the end of March to the beginning of April.

Focusing on the related difficulties and blocking points, efforts are made to open up two key blocking points, one is the bayonet of the expressway, and the other is the service area of ​​the expressway.

Especially the checkpoint of the expressway in the previous stage, many cities have only reserved one lower intersection of the expressway, which is a key checkpoint that affects the smooth flow of the aorta.

Then there is the implementation of a national unified electronic passport to escort logistics.

At the same time, mutual recognition of some key information, including nucleic acid testing and health codes, has been achieved, allowing truck drivers to pass smoothly.

In addition, in this process, we also promoted the microcirculation of the city and solved the problem of ensuring the supply of urban epidemic prevention materials and living materials.

The adoption of these comprehensive measures has played a great role in forming the entire domestic transportation artery with the expressway as the core.

Because expressway freight, especially road freight, accounts for more than 70% of our country's entire logistics operation, the lack of road freight is the most critical issue affecting the smooth flow of the entire logistics in March and April.

  What changes are needed to ensure the smooth supply of logistics across the country and clear the blocking points?

Wang Wei, director of the Market Economy Research Institute of the Development Research Center of the State Council:

Although we have achieved very positive results in the process of smoothing the logistics arteries, we still face some blocking problems.

For example, at the checkpoints of some expressways, the time for trucks to wait for inspection is still relatively long.

In addition, it is still difficult to apply for a unified national electronic pass, because different materials need to be applied for in different departments.

Then there is the need for manual inspection of electronic passes at the checkpoints of the expressway and some key links.

There is still a lot of work to be done in terms of information docking and mutual recognition between different regions.

  What do you think about the need for central SOEs to increase support for commercial truck consumer loans?

Wang Wei, Director of the Market Economy Research Institute of the Development Research Center of the State Council:

Because of the epidemic, truck drivers have seen a drop in orders and income. Therefore, many truck drivers are struggling to live, and some have families behind them.

In addition to truck drivers, some families have "sisters-in-law". The truck loans they carry need to be repaid monthly through income. If they fail to pay, the trucks may be confiscated, and the next step of survival will be more difficult.

Therefore, the deferral of repayment not only solves the current difficulties in the life of the truck driver, but more importantly, it enables him to better drive on the road of transportation during the recovery of the epidemic.

  How do you view the issues of "cars waiting for goods" and "goods waiting for cars"?

Wang Wei, Director of the Market Economy Research Institute of the Development Research Center of the State Council: The

previous stage of logistics and transportation was the problem of "can't go", "no way" and "unwilling to go".

Now, many enterprises have stopped production and cannot supply raw materials. There is not only the problem of "goods waiting for cars", but also the problem of "cars waiting for goods".

This reminds us that in the process of resuming work and production, we should pay more attention to the coordinated resumption of work between key industrial chains and related supporting enterprises, and form a chain-type resumption of work and production to promote the recovery of production, increase the supply of goods, and realize the Smooth flow.

  How to "speed up the formation of a safe and efficient logistics network with internal and external connectivity"?

Wang Wei, Director of the Market Economy Research Institute of the Development Research Center of the State Council:

From this epidemic, we have also seen the important position occupied by China's entire logistics system and some key logistics hubs in global trade, global industrial chain supply chain.

Therefore, around our key hubs, including ports and airports, as well as some important logistics parks, how to achieve smooth passages and normalized guarantee of distribution capabilities are issues that we need to pay close attention to in the next stage.

In addition, during the epidemic prevention and control period, from the perspective of emergency, how to better achieve smooth port passages, and more importantly, in the response to this epidemic, we can also find that there are still system and mechanism problems in the entire logistics system or transportation management. , including problems such as the inability to communicate information between regions and the inconsistency of relevant regulatory standards.

Therefore, the next step is to make up for the shortcomings, including the construction of information platforms and the certification and recognition of information between regions, which are all important issues that need to be solved.

  How can logistics companies achieve cost reduction and efficiency increase in the case of increased business costs?

Wang Wei, Director of the Market Economy Research Institute of the Development Research Center of the State Council:

Cost reduction and efficiency increase are the problems we have been solving for a long time now, because in the past few years, the State Council has promoted several rounds of cost reduction and efficiency increase in the logistics industry, including Reducing or exempting expressway tolls, including reducing the cost of traffic, etc., but in fact, we think that the more important thing is to improve the operational efficiency of logistics.

For example, a large amount of transportation in our country now relies on roads. Although road transportation is very fast, its cost is relatively high.

Therefore, in the next step, we need to solve the problem by promoting "multimodal transport".

Long-distance rely on road, railway, water transportation to achieve cost reduction and efficiency improvement.

In addition, we also need to improve the level of digitalization to better match transportation capacity and cargo resources. Through the matching of supply and demand, we can improve the turnover rate of goods and the effective and efficient allocation of vehicle resources, so as to better reduce costs and increase efficiency.