China News Service, May 25. According to the WeChat official account of the Supreme People's Court, on May 25, the Supreme People's Court issued the "Opinions of the Supreme People's Court on Strengthening the Judicial Application of Blockchain" (hereinafter referred to as "Opinions").

The "Opinions" propose that by 2025, a blockchain alliance for mutual sharing between the people's courts and all walks of life will be built.

  In recent years, the people's courts have vigorously promoted the application of blockchain technology in the judicial field, and built a judicial blockchain platform for the people's courts. More than 2.2 billion certificates have been stored on the judicial blockchain, and applications such as evidence preservation, intelligent assistance, and file management have been established. Efficiency and standardization have been continuously improved, and application scenarios such as electronic evidence, electronic delivery and storage verification and anti-tampering have been effective.

  In order to further strengthen the application of blockchain in the judicial field and give full play to the role of blockchain in promoting judicial credibility, serving social governance, preventing and resolving risks, and promoting high-quality development, the Supreme People's Court has conducted extensive research, solicited opinions, and On the basis of the demonstration, the "Opinions" were formulated and issued.

The "Opinions" include 32 items in seven parts, clarifying the general requirements for people's courts to strengthen the judicial application of blockchain and the requirements for the construction of blockchain platforms for people's courts, and propose that blockchain technology can improve judicial credibility, judicial efficiency, and judicial coordination capabilities. The application direction of typical scenarios in four aspects, including serving economic and social governance, and clarifying blockchain application guarantee measures.

The Opinions have the following distinctive features:

  The first is to propose the establishment of an interoperable and shared judicial blockchain alliance.

The "Opinions" proposes that by 2025, a blockchain alliance will be built for the people's courts and all walks of life to communicate and share, and basic support capabilities such as data verification, trusted operations, smart contracts, and cross-chain collaboration will be greatly improved, and judicial blockchains will be cross-chain. The alliance integrates into the economic and social operation system, actively serves business environment optimization, economic and social governance, risk prevention and mitigation, and industrial innovation and development, and serves the construction of Safe China, Rule of Law, Digital China, and Integrity China, forming a world-leading blockchain with Chinese characteristics Application model in the judicial field.

  The second is to clarify the requirements for the construction of the people's court blockchain platform.

The "Opinions" clearly require the people's courts to strengthen the top-level design of blockchain applications, continue to promote the building of cross-chain collaborative application capabilities, improve the technical capabilities of judicial blockchains, build an Internet judicial blockchain verification platform, and establish and improve a standard and normative system.

The "Opinions" proposes to build an open and shared national court judicial blockchain platform, strengthen the construction of cross-chain alliances between judicial blockchain platforms and blockchain platforms in various industries, and continuously improve collaboration capabilities; to build judicial blockchain verification on the Internet The platform supports parties and other relevant subjects to verify the authenticity of judicial data such as mediation data, electronic evidence, and litigation documents.

  The third is to propose the use of blockchain data tamper-proof technology to enhance judicial credibility.

The "Opinions" propose to promote the storage of judicial data such as electronic files, electronic files, and judicial statistical reports of the people's courts on the chain, to promote the storage of evidence on the chain of data and operations such as enforcement cases, and to promote the service of litigation documents and service receipts by the people's courts in judicial districts. The unified storage of the blockchain platform ensures the security of judicial data and operational compliance.

The "Opinions" clarify and improve the evidence verification function of the blockchain platform, support the parties and judges to verify the electronic evidence stored on the blockchain online, promote the improvement of the standards and rules for the storage of evidence on the blockchain, and improve the efficiency and quality of electronic evidence identification.

  The fourth is to propose the application of blockchain to optimize business processes and improve judicial efficiency.

The "Opinions" propose five typical application scenarios, including supporting the application of case filing information flow, the application of mediation and the connection between the trial process, the connection between the trial and the execution process, the improvement of execution efficiency, and the support of the enforcement officers in convenient case handling, so as to improve the automation level of business processes and improve judicial efficiency.

The "Opinions" proposes to establish a mediation agreement that does not comply with business rules and smart contract procedures such as automatic triggering of trial filing and enforcement of case filing, strengthen the judicial authority of mediation procedures, and support the resolution of multiple disputes.

  The fifth is to propose the application of blockchain interoperability and linkage to promote judicial coordination.

The "Opinions" proposes to build a cross-chain collaborative application between people's courts and judicial administrative departments to support online inquiry and verification of lawyers' qualifications and credit reports participating in litigation activities, and to improve the timeliness of verification; cross-chain collaborative application, improve the efficiency of online case transfer and the level of mutual trust in data; build cross-chain collaborative applications between people's courts and administrative law enforcement, real estate registration, financial securities and insurance institutions, joint credit punishment and other units, and establish automated enforcement investigation and credit punishment. mode to improve the efficiency of collaborative execution.

  The sixth is to propose the use of blockchain alliance mutual trust to serve economic and social governance.

The "Opinions" propose to promote the construction of a cross-chain collaborative application mechanism with blockchain platforms such as intellectual property, market supervision, property registration, trading platforms, data ownership, data transactions, financial institutions, and relevant government departments, to support intellectual property protection, business operations Environmental optimization, data development and utilization, financial information transfer and application, corporate bankruptcy and reorganization, credit reporting system construction, etc.

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