Is there a similarity between AIDS and monkeypox smallpox?

And what does Sweden's classification of the latter mean as a danger to the people, and has it been spreading unnoticed for some time?

What is monkeypox virus?

The World Health Organization says monkeypox is a rare zoonotic viral disease (the virus is transmitted from animals to humans) and the symptoms of monkeypox in humans are similar to those seen in patients with smallpox in the past, but are less severe.

Although smallpox was eradicated in 1980, monkeypox still occurs sporadically in some parts of Africa.

The monkeypox virus belongs to the genus Poxvirus of the family Poxviruses.

This virus was first detected in 1985 at the State Institute of Serology in Copenhagen (Denmark) during the investigation of a smallpox-like disease among monkeys.

The monkeypox virus is transmitted to humans by a variety of wild animals, but its secondary spread is limited by human-to-human transmission.

There is no treatment or vaccine available to combat the disease, although the previous vaccination against smallpox proved highly effective in preventing monkeypox as well, according to the United Nations.

The organization stated that there are about 80 confirmed cases of monkeypox, and 50 other cases are under examination and verification in 11 countries, according to what the German news agency reported today, Saturday.

Authorities in Australia, France and Germany confirmed the discovery of the first cases of monkeypox on Friday, as the usually rare disease continues to appear in a growing number of countries around the world.

And the Victorian State Department of Health announced that the confirmed infection with the monkeypox virus belonged to a person in his thirties who had just returned from Britain, adding that this person had been isolated far away.

Germany recorded its first case of monkeypox.

Cases have been monitored in many other countries, such as France, Britain, Spain, Sweden and the United States.

Most, if not all, cases so far involve males, and many cases have been in sexual contact with other males.

Health Adviser to the Madrid Regional Government, Enrique Ruiz Escudero, revealed that the procedures for tracking cases carried out by the General Directorate of Public Health revealed that the majority of cases of the disease were linked to a "sauna" frequented by gays.

Gays or bisexuals

According to the British Health Security Agency, a number of the infected people identify themselves as "homosexual, bisexual, or males who have sexual relations with other males," according to what was reported by Agence France-Presse.

The World Health Organization said on Tuesday that it wanted to highlight, in cooperation with Britain, the monkeypox infections that have been monitored in this country since the beginning of May, especially in the gay community, according to the French.

Is there a similarity between monkeypox and AIDS?

Deutsche AIDS Helve, an umbrella organization for more than 120 AIDS-related organizations in Germany, warned of the wrong conclusions in this regard, and its spokeswoman, Holger Fichte, told the German news agency, "Of course, there are superficial similarities between monkeypox and HIV." "HIV - the cause of AIDS - when it first appeared, is another disease from Africa that also affects gays. But the comparison is not valid in many other ways."

She explained that, unlike the acquired immunodeficiency virus, the virus that causes monkeypox has been known for a longer period in the eighties of the last century, and the infected person heals from the disease on his own, and she said, "It is very important for us that panic and unreasonable fears do not arise here," noting in turn. However, there are still uncertainties regarding the assessment of disease severity: for example, the tolerance of infection among immunocompromised patients, including those with HIV who have not been treated for many years.

Monkeypox is a danger to the people

Sweden classified monkeypox as a danger to the public, on Friday, a day after the first case was recorded.

The Minister of Health and Social Affairs, Lena Hallengren, said that this classification allows the government to take protective measures and prepare for health services.

Monkeypox has been spreading unnoticed for a while

For his part, German doctor Norbert Brockmeier said that with the large number of cases that appeared in Western countries, it was assumed that the virus had been spreading unnoticed for some time.

Bruckmeier, who heads the German Association for Sexually Transmitted Diseases, added, in statements to the German news agency, that it is expected that with the increased attention to the disease, more cases will be detected.

The World Health Organization has reported that monkeypox has appeared frequently in Nigeria in recent years.

Since 2017, there have been a total of 558 suspected cases there.

Of those cases, 241 confirmed cases and 8 deaths.