The license plate of new private cars will be exempted from inspection, the sale of fruit-flavored electronic cigarettes will be banned, and vocational school students will be more secure in their studies and employment... From May, a number of new regulations will be implemented, affecting your life and my life.

new national regulations

Vocational education is as important as general education

  The Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress passed the newly revised "Vocational Education Law of the People's Republic of China" on April 20, which will be officially implemented on May 1.

This is the first major revision of the law in 26 years since it was enacted in 1996.

The new law clarifies that "vocational education is an education type that has the same important status as general education", "the state establishes an examination and enrollment system that conforms to the characteristics of vocational education", and "higher vocational schools may, in accordance with relevant state regulations, adopt a combination of cultural quality and vocational skills. Recruiting students through assessment methods.”

  The revised "Vocational Education Law" clearly states that employers shall not set up conditions for application, recruitment and employment that hinder the equal employment and fair competition of graduates of vocational schools.

Organs, institutions and state-owned enterprises shall specify the technical skills requirements when recruiting and recruiting technical and technical personnel, and regard technical skills as an important condition for recruitment and employment.

Publicly recruited by public institutions for positions with vocational skill level requirements, the educational requirements may be appropriately reduced.

Each primary and secondary school shall have at least one vice-principal for the rule of law

  The Ministry of Education formulated and promulgated the "Measures for the Appointment and Management of Vice Principals by Law in Primary and Secondary Schools", which will be implemented from May 1.

The "Measures" further clarifies that the vice-principal of the rule of law assists the school in protecting the rights and interests of students, preventing juvenile crimes, participating in safety management, implementing or guiding the implementation of educational punishment, and guiding legal governance, and give full play to the legal professional capabilities of the staff of the local offices and specialties.

The "Measures" require every primary and secondary school to have at least one vice-principal of the rule of law, and give priority to the provision of a vice-principal of the rule of law for schools in remote areas, rural areas and weak urban schools.

Fruit-flavored e-cigarettes to be banned

  The "Measures for the Administration of Electronic Cigarettes" will be officially implemented on May 1, proposing a ban on the sale of flavored electronic cigarettes other than tobacco flavors and electronic cigarettes that can be added with atomizers.

  At the same time, the "Measures for the Administration of Electronic Cigarettes" proposes:

  Ordinary primary and secondary schools, special education schools, secondary vocational schools, specialized schools, and kindergartens are not allowed to set up electronic cigarette product sales outlets.

  It is prohibited to hold exhibitions, forums, expos, etc. to promote electronic cigarette products in various forms.

  The sale of vaping products to minors is prohibited.

  The use of self-service sales methods such as vending machines to sell or disguised sales of electronic cigarette products is prohibited.

Private car new license plate will be exempted from inspection

  The Ministry of Public Security's newly revised "Regulations on Motor Vehicle Registration" (Order No. 164 of the Ministry of Public Security) will be implemented from May 1. This revision implements 5 new measures to facilitate the registration of motor vehicles.

The first is to implement a new license plate exemption for private cars.

The second is to implement the nationwide "one-license and universal service" for passenger car registration.

The third is to implement the "cross-province handling" of vehicle information changes.

The fourth is to implement electronic application materials and files.

The fifth is to implement the online sharing and verification of departmental information.

The pronunciation and spelling of place names should conform to the standard

  The "Regulations on the Administration of Geographical Names" will come into force on May 1.

The revised "Regulations" has a total of 7 chapters and 44 articles, and has made comprehensive and systematic regulations on the management of geographical names.

The "Regulations" further improve the naming rules of place names, clarify the application materials that should be submitted for the name change of place names and the requirements for comprehensive assessment, expert demonstration, and soliciting opinions, stipulate the approval procedures for the name change of place names by classification, and establish a place name filing and announcement system.

It is stipulated that the use of characters, pronunciation, and spelling of geographical names should comply with the norms. The civil affairs department of the State Council shall establish a national geographical names information database in a unified manner, and clarify the requirements for the co-construction and sharing mechanism of geographical names information resources, the scope of use of standard geographical names, the management of geographical names signs, the compilation of standard addresses, and the publication of standard geographical names. .

Underworld crimes are severely punished according to law

  The "Anti-Organized Crime Law of the People's Republic of China" came into effect on May 1, ensuring that the work of eliminating gangsters and eliminating evil will be carried out on a regular basis on the track of the rule of law.

  The "Anti-Organized Crime Law" clarifies the concepts of organized crime and malicious force organizations, and the punishment and preventive measures prescribed by law can be applied to such organizations. .

  The "Anti-Organized Crime Law" stipulates the handling of state functionaries involved in organized crime.

At the same time, it is stipulated that if minors participate in underworld organizations or overseas underworld organizations, and instigate or deceive minors to commit organized crimes, or commit organized crimes that infringe upon the legitimate rights and interests of minors, criminal responsibility shall be severely investigated in accordance with the law.

Say goodbye to "same life, different price" and unify urban and rural compensation standards

  The "Decision on Amending the Interpretation of the Supreme People's Court on Several Issues Concerning the Application of Law in the Trial of Personal Injury Compensation Cases" issued by the Supreme People's Court will take effect on May 1. And the living expenses of the dependants have been revised from the original urban and rural compensation standard to the unified calculation of the urban residents standard.

  The main content of this revision:

  The disability compensation and death compensation have been revised from the original calculation based on the per capita disposable income of urban residents or the per capita net income of rural residents to the calculation based on the per capita disposable income of urban residents.

  The living expenses of the dependants are changed from the original calculation based on the per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents or the per capita annual living consumption expenditure of rural residents to the calculation based on the per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents.

There are new regulations on the supervision of medical device production and operation

  The "Measures for the Supervision and Administration of Medical Device Production" and the "Measures for the Supervision and Administration of Medical Device Operations" revised by the State Administration for Market Regulation will come into force on May 1.

The two measures implement the provisions of the "Regulations on the Supervision and Administration of Medical Devices", fully implement the medical device registrant filer system, optimize the administrative licensing process, strengthen supervision and inspection measures, improve supervision and inspection methods, consolidate the main responsibility of enterprises, and further increase the prevention and control of illegal activities. penalties for behavior.

  For example, the "Measures for the Supervision and Administration of Medical Device Production" stipulates that if the registration items of the medical device production license are not changed in accordance with the "Measures", or the relevant requirements for the implementation of the unique identification of medical devices are not carried out by the state, the organization of code assignment, data upload and For maintenance and update work, the drug supervision and administration department shall order it to make corrections within a time limit according to its duties. If it refuses to make corrections, a fine of not less than 10,000 yuan but not more than 50,000 yuan shall be imposed; if the circumstances are serious, a fine of not less than 50,000 yuan but not more than 100,000 yuan shall be imposed.

local policy

Jiangsu: "Bright Sword" to Stealing the Steering Wheel and Dominating the Seat

  "Jiangsu Province Public Transportation Public Security Administration Regulations" will be officially implemented on May 1.

The "Regulations" expressly prohibit the behavior of passengers and other potential violations of public security management:

  It is not allowed to carry or entrain the dangerous items stipulated by the state or other prohibited items to enter the station or take the means of transportation.

  It is not allowed to preempt or occupy the special seats for the elderly, the young, the sick, the disabled and the pregnant.

  In the process of public transportation, it is not allowed to grab control of the steering wheel, gear lever and other driving control devices, and it is not allowed to beat, pull or abuse the driver.

  Sexual harassment, indecency, theft or secret photography, peeping at other people's privacy and other illegal acts shall not be carried out.

  At the same time, the "Regulations" encourage passengers to discourage and stop the ongoing behavior that hinders safe driving, and give praise and incentives to passengers who stop the behavior that hinders safe driving and meet the conditions of being a righteous and courageous person, so as to promote social integrity.

Anhui: Littering will be fined up to 500,000 yuan

  "Anhui Province Domestic Waste Classification Management Regulations" will be officially implemented on May 1, requiring the establishment of a domestic waste management system for classified delivery, classified collection, classified transportation, and classified processing, and to promote the realization of domestic waste reduction, recycling, and harmlessness. change.

  The "Regulations" stipulate that units, families and individuals that generate domestic waste shall perform the obligations of reducing the amount of domestic waste at the source and classifying it in accordance with the law, and assume the responsibility of the producer of domestic waste.

All units and individuals shall classify and throw household garbage in designated places according to law.

It is forbidden to dump, throw, stack, incinerate or landfill domestic garbage at will.

  If a unit or individual fails to classify and dispose of domestic garbage at the designated location, the domestic garbage classification supervision and management department of the people's government at or above the county level shall order it to make corrections; if the circumstances are serious, the unit shall be fined between 50,000 yuan and 500,000 yuan, and the individual shall be fined A fine of not less than 50 yuan but not more than 200 yuan.

Sichuan: There is no way to solve the illegal property law

  The "Sichuan Province Property Management Regulations" will be officially implemented on May 1, which clearly stipulates that for properties that have been completed and accepted but have not been sold or delivered to the buyer, the property fee shall be borne by the construction unit.

If the construction unit and the owner have delivered the property according to the agreed delivery method, the property fee shall be borne according to the agreement; the property that has been delivered to the owner does not meet the delivery conditions stipulated in the property sales contract, and the property fee during the rectification period shall be borne by the construction unit.

  The charging standards for property services shall follow the principles of reasonableness, fairness, openness, and consistent quality and price, and shall be agreed upon by both parties to the contract.

If the property fee is collected in advance, it shall not exceed the remaining period of the validity period of the contract.

In an irregular property service contract, no provision shall be made to pre-collect property fees.

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