The Vocational Education Law was revised for the first time to promote the integration of vocational education and general education

  Make vocational education really "scented" and "hot"

  Our reporter Zhang Weijie

  "Worker's Daily" (April 24, 2022 Edition 01)

  Recently, the 34th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress voted to pass the newly revised Vocational Education Law, which will take effect on May 1 this year.

This is the first major overhaul of the law since it was enacted in 1996.

  There are currently 11,300 vocational schools in my country with more than 30 million students.

With the continuous acceleration of my country's industrial upgrading and economic structural adjustment, the demand for technical and skilled talents in all walks of life is becoming more and more urgent, and the important position and role of vocational education is becoming more and more prominent.

  What changes will the newly revised Vocational Education Law bring?

Song Fang, deputy director of the Administrative Law Office of the Legislative Affairs Commission of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, said that the newly revised Vocational Education Law will transform the policy measures and practical achievements of vocational education reform and development into legal norms, in order to cultivate more high-quality laborers and technical talents , Build a modern vocational education system and consolidate the foundation of the rule of law.

  No employment "threshold"

  In recent years, some people still hold prejudice against vocational education, thinking that vocational education is "half a dwarf".

  In order to improve the social recognition of vocational education, the Vocational Education Law has made some targeted provisions during the revision process, clarifying that vocational school students enjoy equal opportunities with ordinary school students at the same level in terms of further education, employment, and career development.

"Create a good social atmosphere for the development of vocational education, and really make vocational education 'scented' and 'hot'." Song Fang said.

  The newly revised Vocational Education Law stipulates that higher vocational schools and ordinary institutions of higher learning that implement vocational education shall determine the corresponding proportion in the enrollment plan or adopt a separate examination method to specifically recruit vocational school graduates.

It is clarified that people's governments at all levels shall create a fair employment environment; employers shall not set up conditions for application, recruitment and employment that impede equal employment and fair competition for graduates of vocational schools; organs, institutions, and state-owned enterprises shall recruit and recruit technical and technical personnel when recruiting , the technical skills requirements should be clearly defined, and the technical skills level should be regarded as an important condition for recruitment and employment; for positions that have vocational skills requirements in the public recruitment of public institutions, the educational requirements may be appropriately reduced.

  Among the legislative purposes, the provisions on promoting employment and entrepreneurship and building a "skilled society" are added, and it is clarified that vocational education "provides powerful talents and technical support for the comprehensive construction of a socialist modernized country", and stipulates that the state shall take measures to improve the society of technical and skilled talents. Status and treatment, carry forward the glory of labor, valuable skills, and create a great fashion of the times; the state commends and rewards units and individuals who have made remarkable achievements in vocational education work in accordance with relevant regulations; the second week of May every year is vocational education. activity week.

  Open up the "broken road" and build an "overpass"

  The newly revised Vocational Education Law clarifies that vocational education is an education type that has the same important status as general education.

Then, in order to promote the integration of vocational education and general education, and the integration of vocational education at different levels, how to open up the "dead end" and build an "overpass"?

  Song Fang introduced that the revised Vocational Education Law clarifies that both vocational school education and vocational training are emphasized, vocational education and general education are integrated with each other, and vocational education at different levels is effectively connected, serving the modern vocational education system of lifelong learning for the whole people; higher vocational school education consists of specialist , higher vocational schools and general institutions of higher education at the undergraduate level and above; the state establishes and improves the certification, accumulation and conversion mechanism for school education and vocational training credits, qualifications and other learning outcomes at all levels and types.

  In addition, the law also stipulates that secondary vocational schools may, in accordance with the relevant regulations of the state, implement the integration of enrollment and training with higher vocational school education in relevant majors.

Vocational skills grade certificates, training certificates and other learning outcomes obtained from vocational training can be converted into corresponding academic education credits after being recognized by vocational schools; those who meet the academic requirements of corresponding vocational schools can obtain corresponding academic certificates; accept higher vocational school education If the academic level reaches the degree standard prescribed by the state, you can apply for the corresponding degree according to law.

  Sun Qixin, a member of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, said in the group deliberation that under the current national conditions of China, the integration of vocational education and general education has provided a very good guarantee for the diversified development of vocational education students with different pursuits.

  Deepen the integration of industry and education, and school-enterprise cooperation

  Vocational education is inseparable from the integration of industry and education and school-enterprise cooperation.

In terms of deepening the integration of industry and education and school-enterprise cooperation, the revised Vocational Education Law has improved the institutional support for the integration of industry and education.

  According to Song Fang, the revised Vocational Education Law emphasizes the implementation of "school-enterprise cooperation" in vocational education in the general provisions, and further clarifies that the state will play an important role in running schools, promote enterprises' deep participation in vocational education, and encourage enterprises to hold high-quality vocational education. educate.

At the same time, it is clarified that enterprises that are deeply involved in the integration of production and education, school-enterprise cooperation, and play an important role in improving the quality of technical and skilled personnel training and promoting employment will be rewarded in accordance with regulations; Provide financial, fiscal, land and other support, and implement education surcharges, local education surcharge reductions and exemptions, and other tax incentives.

  In addition, in order to deepen the integration of production and education and the cooperation between schools and enterprises, the law also stipulates that local people's governments at all levels shall purchase services, provide students with student loans, scholarships and other measures, and provide vocational schools and vocational schools organized by enterprises and other social forces in accordance with the law. training institutions to support.

  The revised law also guides enterprises to set up apprenticeship positions according to a certain proportion of the total number of positions, and at the same time clarifies that enterprises and vocational schools jointly recruit students and conduct apprenticeship training in a work-study manner, they should sign an apprenticeship training agreement; subsidies, etc.

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