Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, April 7 (Reporter Yu Wenjing) The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs recently issued the "2022 Action Plan for Agricultural Reclamation to Lead the Expansion of Soybean Oilseed Oilseeds", requiring the implementation of the soybean oilseed expansion task assigned by the local government to ensure the national agricultural reclamation soybean planting area It will reach more than 14.6 million mu, and the sown area of ​​oilseed crops such as rapeseed, sunflower and peanut will increase steadily.

  This is what the reporter learned from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on the 7th.

  my country's agricultural land resources are abundant and the commodity rate of agricultural products is high. It is the "national team" to ensure the national food security and the effective supply of important agricultural products.

  It is understood that in 2022, the goal of agricultural reclamation to take the lead in expanding soybean oil crops is to ensure that the national agricultural reclamation soybean planting area reaches more than 14.6 million mu; to achieve a steady increase in the sown area of ​​oilseed rape, sunflower, peanut and other oil crops, and to ensure the national agricultural reclamation oil crops planting The area has reached more than 4.6 million mu; the per-unit yield of soybean oil has been steadily improved, and the per-unit yield has increased by more than 2%; the extension of social services to the outside of the reclamation area has been promoted, and the production and trust soybean area has exceeded 1.2 million mu, and the per-unit yield has increased by more than 10%.

  The plan requires that the agricultural reclamation should take the lead in expanding the planting area of ​​soybean oil by optimizing the layout, digging the potential, and scientifically rotating crops.

Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Jilin, Liaoning and other reclamation areas should promote the compatible development of soybeans and corn, promote the combination of improved varieties and good methods, and the integration of agricultural machinery and agronomy; in groundwater overexploitation areas, low-quality and low-efficiency japonica rice planting areas, and well-irrigated rice areas in cold regions to promote "water to drought" The pilot program of "rice-to-soybean" is to expand the scale of arable land rotation by promoting reasonable crop rotation, and establish basic crop rotation systems such as "corn + soybean", "corn + soybean + economic crops".

Inner Mongolia, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Xinjiang Corps and other main spring rapeseed production areas, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu and other main winter rapeseed production areas should adopt forage rotation, revitalize winter idle fields, rationally use field ridges, and promote rice oil or rice oil according to local conditions. Measures such as rice, rice and oil planting patterns to tap the potential for plant expansion.

  The plan proposes to take the lead in improving the yield per unit of soybean oil crops by selecting high-quality seeds, improving arable land productivity, promoting high-yield models, and doing a good job of saving grain and reducing losses.

It is necessary to screen and promote a batch of leading soybean oil varieties with good field performance in the main soybean oil production reclamation areas; encourage agricultural reclamation and seed industry enterprises to carry out joint research with universities and scientific research institutes, and select and promote a number of resistance, lodging, salinity and alkali resistance. , High-yield and high-quality soybean oil crop varieties suitable for mechanization.

Increase the construction of high-standard farmland, promote the high-quality, high-yield and efficient production mode of soybean oilseeds, and drive the overall balanced production increase.

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