Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, April 4th, title: "There is a serious threat to the elderly and patients with serious underlying diseases" - an expert from the national medical treatment team to Jilin talks about the harmfulness of Omi Keron

  Xinhua News Agency reporters Dong Ruifeng and Li Heng

  Epidemic data at home and abroad show that the Omicron variant spreads rapidly and is highly concealed, and the proportion of severe patients is relatively low.

But is it "flu-like" as some people call it "zero severity"?

How dangerous is the Omicron variant?

Experts from the national medical treatment team in Jilin accepted an interview with a reporter from Xinhua News Agency recently, and made an interpretation response based on the treatment of infected people in Jilin City and Changchun City.

There are still patients on ventilators

  Since the outbreak of the current round of epidemic in Jilin City on March 2, a total of nearly 25,000 people have been reported infected with the new coronary pneumonia, most of which are asymptomatic and mild patients, accounting for 97.5%.

  Kang Yan, an expert from the national medical treatment team going to Jilin and president of West China Tianfu Hospital of Sichuan University, told reporters that in accordance with the principle of centralized treatment by classification, asymptomatic infections and mild patients are subject to centralized isolation management, ordinary, severe and critical cases and Cases with severe and high-risk factors are concentrated in designated medical institutions such as Jilin Central Hospital.

  According to reports, as of April 3, a total of 50 severe and 35 critically ill patients were admitted to Jilin Central Hospital.

At present, 10 patients still need mechanical ventilation with endotracheal intubation, that is, they need invasive ventilator to support breathing.

  "The experts from the national expert group will guide the designated medical institutions to carry out standardized diagnosis and treatment, and all severe and critical cases will be admitted to the intensive care unit for treatment, and the severe patients will be treated according to the principle of multidisciplinary coordination and 'one person, one policy', so as to maximize the cure rate. , reduce the mortality rate." Kang Yan said.

Patients with underlying diseases are at greater risk

  "The damage caused by the new coronary pneumonia is superimposed on the damage caused by the patient's underlying disease, which is an important reason for the deterioration of the patient's condition." Kang Yan analyzed the treatment situation in Jilin City and said that the Omicron variant strain is very important for elderly patients and patients with severe underlying diseases. and other special groups are a serious threat, especially for people with poor basic conditions and low immunity, such as long-term bedridden and hemodialysis patients.

  According to Sang Ling, an expert from the national medical treatment team going to Jilin and chief physician of the Department of Critical Care Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, the infection rate of uremia patients in this round of epidemic in Jilin is relatively high. Judging from the current diagnosis and treatment, the symptoms of pneumonia in such patients It takes a long time to turn negative, and it is easy to develop into severe and critical types after being superimposed with the patient's underlying diseases.

  Yu Kaijiang, head of the national medical treatment expert team in Changchun and president of the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, said that since the outbreak of this round of epidemic in Changchun until 18:00 on April 3, 16,312 people have been infected with the new coronary pneumonia, including ordinary patients. 411 patients, 42 severe patients, and 2 critically ill patients.

  "Some patients with underlying diseases were mild or common when they first arrived, but later they transformed and became more ill." Yu Kaijiang said.

The proportion of complete vaccination of critically ill patients is low

  In the Affiliated Hospital of Jilin Medical College, a total of 124 positive uremic dialysis patients have been treated in this round of epidemic.

  Sangling told reporters that the vaccination rate of these patients was only 11%.

Because most of the patients were not vaccinated and their immunity was low, the proportion of patients with moderate and severe cases was 15.3%, which was significantly higher than that of the general population.

  Kang Yan introduced that the severe and critically ill patients admitted to Jilin Central Hospital showed the characteristics of advanced age, low vaccination rate, and severe underlying diseases.

About 15% of the people who have completed 2 doses of the new crown inactivated vaccine, which is significantly lower than the general population.

  "From the perspective of the epidemic situation in Jilin City, it is necessary to protect the health rights and interests of the people and to adhere to the general policy of 'dynamic clearing'." Kang Yan said, at the same time, we should continue to strengthen vaccination, and move critically ill treatment resources forward to achieve critically ill patients. Early detection and early intervention.