Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, my country has completed afforestation of 960 million mu, and the forest coverage rate has increased by 2.68 percentage points.


Ten years of trees sow the seeds of ecological civilization

  The spring breeze is green and vibrant.

  "Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, I have participated in the voluntary tree planting in the capital for 10 consecutive years. This is not only to contribute to the construction of a beautiful China, but also to promote the sowing of the seeds of ecological civilization in the whole society, especially in the hearts of young people. We are all practitioners and promoters of ecological civilization construction, persevering and making contributions for a long time to make our motherland bluer in the sky, greener in the mountains, cleaner in water, and better in the ecological environment." On the morning of March 30, General Secretary Xi Jinping Emphasize when participating in voluntary tree planting activities in the capital.

  Trees in ten years, people in a hundred years.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the guidance of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought, all localities have practiced the concept that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets. my country's forest resources have generally shown a development trend of continuous increase in quantity, quality and function. Ecological security, improving people's livelihood and well-being, and promoting green development have laid an increasingly solid foundation.

Ten years of planting trees, taking the lead in setting an example, "one year after another, and one generation after another"

  Shovel and shovel the soil, fill trees into the pit, and cultivate new soil... General Secretary Xi Jinping has planted many saplings such as pinus tabulaeformis, peaches, magnolias, begonias, and ashwagandha.

The newly planted saplings stand upright in the wind and are full of vigor; sweat is pouring out, not only the saplings are planted, but also the hope of ecological civilization.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the general secretary has participated in voluntary tree-planting activities every year, and personally practiced "working year after year, generation after generation".

  Turn the clock back ten years ago - December 2012, Shenzhen, Guangdong.

In Lianhuashan Park, General Secretary Xi Jinping personally planted an alpine banyan not far from the bronze statue of Deng Xiaoping.

  "It is unimaginable what the earth and human beings would be like without forests." On April 2, 2013, along the Yongding River in Fengtai District, Beijing, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out when participating in a voluntary tree-planting activity, "We must clearly see that our country is In general, it is still a country that lacks forests and greenery and is ecologically fragile, and there is still a long way to go to plant trees and improve the ecology.”

  In the spring of 2015, when reviewing the activity plan on the eve of tree planting in Sunhe Township, Chaoyang District, Beijing, General Secretary Xi Jinping gave clear instructions on the adjustment of the plan: "It is the leaders who go to the masses and participate in labor together, not the masses to accompany the leaders."

  "The tree-planting point should be selected in the afforestation plan, and the place where the masses will plant trees should not be arranged separately."

  "Primary school students do not need to be selected from the whole city, but organize several classes nearby to participate, and not a child is left behind. Children are lively by nature, and it doesn't matter if they play while planting trees. The main purpose is to cultivate the awareness of loving labor and beautifying the environment."

  "Don't deliberately level and decorate the ground, it doesn't matter if there are potholes or overgrown weeds. Use ready-made shovels and buckets."

  "The tree species should be selected according to the planning and the actual needs of the plot, not precious seedlings."

  ...

  General Secretary Xi Jinping's pragmatic style impressed the cadres and masses present.

Because the tree planting site has not been leveled, and some places are still mixed with bricks, the shovel will make a loud noise.

"At the end of the tree planting, the shoes of the leaders and the masses were covered with mud," recalled a staff member of the Beijing Municipal Party Committee. "Many people felt that the general secretary really came to plant trees and work together with the masses."

  In the spring of 2020, even under the new crown pneumonia epidemic, General Secretary Xi Jinping did not change the established tree planting schedule and left a photo of tree planting wearing a mask.

During the tree planting, the general secretary had a cordial conversation with the cadres and the masses present: "Planting trees and protecting forests is the legal obligation of every citizen of the right age. It is necessary to insist that leading cadres at all levels take the lead, and everyone in the whole society should take the initiative to encourage and guide everyone. Start from yourself, start from now, and make a contribution to make the motherland green and beautiful."

  In fact, the story of General Secretary Xi Jinping and planting and protecting trees started earlier.

  "The branches are luxuriant, vigorous and upright, and the future generations are shaded, benefiting one party", this is the general secretary's evaluation of the banyan tree in an epigraph titled "Let the banyan tree benefit the banyan city".

In January 1998, when he was the deputy secretary of the Fujian Provincial Party Committee, he inspected a thousand-year-old banyan tree in the alley of Suwei Road, Gulou District, Fuzhou City.

He instructed the person responsible for the management of Gurong: "You are the adopter of the first ancient banyan. You must take good care of the living cultural relics like you love life. If there is any abnormal situation, you must report it to the garden management department at any time."

  On May 29, 2000, I learned that the Hetian Century Ecological Park (now the Soil and Water Conservation Science and Education Park) was built in Changting County, Fujian Province. Xi Jinping, then the governor of Fujian Province, specially sent 1,000 yuan to plant a tree. Camphor tree.

Today, the branches of this camphor tree are lush and full of life.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the CPC Central Committee has made unprecedented efforts to build ecological civilization, and my country's ecological and environmental protection has undergone historic, turning and overall changes.

  The prosperity of forest and grass is the prosperity of ecology, and the prosperity of ecology is the prosperity of civilization.

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has made unprecedented efforts to promote the construction of ecological civilization. The consciousness and initiative of the whole party and the whole country to promote green development have been significantly enhanced, and the construction of a beautiful China has taken major steps. and global changes.

  "As my country's economic and social development continues to deepen, the status and role of ecological civilization construction has become increasingly prominent." On November 17, 2012, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out when presiding over the first collective study of the Political Bureau of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, "The party's The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China incorporated ecological civilization construction into the overall layout of socialism with Chinese characteristics, making the strategic position of ecological civilization construction more clear.”

  "We must choose, what exactly do we want? From the perspective of whether the people are satisfied or not, and whether they agree or not, the ecological environment is very important; from the point of view of improving people's livelihood, this is also the most important point." During the meeting of the Politburo Standing Committee, the general secretary's words were powerful.

  The mountains, rivers and rivers of the motherland have witnessed General Secretary Xi Jinping's feelings for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation.

On the shore of Dianchi Lake in Yunnan, he emphasized that promoting high-quality economic development must never take the old road of pollution first and then treatment; Guangxi Guilin Lijiang River, he asked to maintain the authenticity and integrity of landscape ecology as an important task, and further promote ecological restoration and environmental pollution control; overlooking the Yanni Wetland from the Niyang River Bridge, he urged to adhere to the priority of protection, adhere to the integrated protection and systematic management of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass, sand and ice...

  On May 18, 2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping delivered an important speech at the National Conference on Ecological Environmental Protection, proposing the principles that must be adhered to to promote the construction of ecological civilization in the new era: "adhere to the harmonious coexistence of man and nature", "lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets" "A good ecological environment is the most inclusive people's livelihood and well-being", "Landscapes, forests, fields, lakes and grass are a community of life", "Use the strictest system and the strictest rule of law to protect the ecological environment", "Conspiracy to build a global ecological civilization"...

  The greatness of a great country also has the weight of a great country.

"The construction of ecological civilization is one of the "five-in-one" overall layout. In the basic strategy of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, adhering to the harmonious coexistence of man and nature is one of the basic strategies. In the new development concept, green is one of the basic strategies. One of the big ideas, pollution prevention and control is one of the three tough battles."

  "In the past two years, we have photographed more and more whooper swans in various places in Qinghai, and deeply realize that the ecological environment around us is getting better and better. Looking at the green mountains, green water, and whooper swans, I feel very comfortable!" Located in Sanjiangzhi Qinghai is one of the regions with the highest concentration of species and genetic diversity at high altitudes in the world.

With the continuous strengthening of ecological protection in Qinghai Province, the population of wild animals such as Tibetan antelope, snow leopard, and wild yak has continued to increase. The beautiful Qinghai presents a wonderful picture of harmonious coexistence between man and nature.

  Not only Qinghai.

Chinese stories and vivid examples that promote the harmonious coexistence of man and nature show to the world the beautiful China that unswervingly follows the path of civilized development that is productive, prosperous, and ecologically sound. A clear attitude towards the relationship between man and nature.

  "To protect the ecological environment is to protect the productive forces, and to improve the ecological environment is to develop the productive forces." General Secretary Xi Jinping's profound assertion is continuing to be transformed into a vivid practice in China in the new era.

Forest is the largest "carbon pool" on land. my country's forest area and stock volume continue to grow, making China the country with the largest increase in forest resources in the world.

  On March 30, at the tree-planting site in Huangcun Town, Daxing District, Beijing, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the forest is a reservoir, a bank of money, and a grain depot, and now a "carbon reservoir" should be added.

  From the moment it is planted to the end of its life, a Metasequoia tree can absorb more than 100 kilograms of carbon dioxide.

Forest vegetation can absorb carbon dioxide in the atmosphere through photosynthesis, play a huge carbon sink function, and has the characteristics of large carbon sink, low cost, and high ecological added value.

It can be said that the forest is the largest carbon storage and carbon absorber on land, which is related to climate change.

  In the context of the continuous reduction of global forest resources, my country's forest area and stock volume continued to grow, becoming the country with the largest increase in global forest resources.

  This is inseparable from my country's in-depth promotion of large-scale land greening actions.

Data from the State Forestry and Grassland Administration shows that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, my country has completed a total of 960 million mu of afforestation.

The forest coverage rate increased by 2.68 percentage points to 23.04%; the net increase of forest stock was 3.839 billion cubic meters, reaching 17.56 billion cubic meters; the total carbon storage of forest vegetation increased by 1.375 billion tons, reaching 9.2 billion tons.

  "Help cadres said that a variety of trees have good air, and if you protect the trees, you can make money." Li Xiaosheng, a villager in Lengfeng Village, Baoji Township, Panzhou City, Guizhou Province, never dreamed that the 450 trees he had worked so hard to plant would actually make money. Not having to cut down can also bring benefits to him, and the family income has increased by 1,350 yuan.

The new term "forest carbon sink" made him laugh from ear to ear.

  Guizhou is one of the national ecological civilization pilot zones. Since December 2017, the targeted poverty alleviation project of individual carbon sinks has been implemented.

The trees of the impoverished households with forest land are screened, numbered, photographed and uploaded according to tree species, size and carbon sink function (absorbing carbon dioxide, releasing oxygen), and then they can be sold to individuals or enterprises, and the funds will be remitted to the poor. user's personal account.

Up to now, more than 11,000 forest households in the province have participated, the amount of carbon purchased has reached more than 12.13 million yuan, and the carbon sink has sold more than 40.44 million kilograms, and the average income of each household has increased by 1,068 yuan.

  "Promoting high-quality afforestation, greening the country, and protecting the forests and grasslands is an 'addition' to the ecological carbon sink capacity and contributes to the global response to climate change." said Zhang Mingxiang, a professor at the School of Ecology and Nature Conservation at Beijing Forestry University.

  At the southern foot of the majestic Yin Mountain and the northern edge of the Ordos Plateau, like a bowstring stretches across the southern bank of the "Ji" bend of the Yellow River, this is the seventh largest desert in China and the closest desert to Beijing - the Kubuqi Desert.

  Guanjing Village, Dalat Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, is located in the hinterland of the desert.

There are three brothers in the Gao family in the village, Gao Linshu, Gao Lin, and Gao Youshu. From the name, it is not difficult to see the local people's desire for trees and vitality.

In Gao Linshu's memory, 30 years ago, there was still a scene of wind and sand raging here.

Today, tall and straight poplars and willows guard the farmland of the house, and the endless sand willow forest lingers around the village, which contrasts with the undulating sand sea in the distance.

  The spirit of Saihanba, the spirit of Youyu, the spirit of the Three Norths...the barriers blocking the sandstorm one after another, one after another is an admirable spiritual highland.

Planting green in the sandy sea is a portrayal of generations of people in sandy areas who have worked hard to control desertification and green their homes.

  According to the monitoring by the State Forestry and Grassland Administration, since 2004, the area of ​​desertification and sandification in the country has "double reduced" for three consecutive monitoring periods.

The four sandy areas of Maowusu, Hunshandake, Horqin and Hulunbuir have been effectively managed.

  Plant greens first, then build cities.

With ecological priority and green development, Xiongan New Area is destined to be a model city of ecological civilization in the new era.

Five years ago, before the large-scale urban construction was carried out, the new district took the lead in launching the construction of the "Millennium Beautiful Forest", laying a solid ecological foundation for the planning and construction of the new district.

Through the forest surrounding the city and the wetland entering the city, the residents are allowed to enter the forest for 3 kilometers, enter the forest belt for 1 kilometers, and enter the park for 300 meters. The streets are 100% shaded.

  Pursue green, dream green.

In the past 40 years, China's green territory has been continuously expanded - from 12% to 23.04%, the forest coverage rate has almost doubled, and the green coverage rate in urban built-up areas has increased from 10.1% to 41.11%; the concept of green development is rooted in people's hearts - from " From planting trees to afforestation and greening the motherland” to “lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets”, building a beautiful China has become a consensus.

"Carbon reduction" and "green expansion" go hand in hand, and China's commitment and achievements have been highly recognized by the international community

  In February this year, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released a report showing that the impact and risks of climate change are growing, and the warming situation will make the world face multiple climate hazards in the next 20 years.

In the face of global crises and challenges such as climate change, General Secretary Xi Jinping proposed: "The earth is our common home. We must uphold the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind, work together to address challenges in the field of climate and environment, and protect this blue planet."

  "China has brought a ray of hope to the construction of global ecological civilization." said John Cobb Jr., one of the first scholars in the world to propose "green GDP" and an academician of the National Academy of Humanities.

  On September 22, 2020, at the general debate of the 75th United Nations General Assembly, General Secretary Xi Jinping solemnly announced to the world that China will increase its nationally determined contribution, adopt more powerful policies and measures, and strive to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 2030. peak years ago, and strive to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.

  According to Guerrero Garcia, an adviser to the UN Secretariat's climate change team, China's commitment is the strongest signal the international market has received since the signing of the Paris Agreement on climate change.

Gavin Thompson, vice chairman of the Asia-Pacific region at Wood Mackenzie, a world-renowned energy consultancy, said that if there is any country in the world that can achieve such an ambitious goal of tackling climate change, it is only China.

  "China's commitment to achieve the time from carbon peak to carbon neutrality is much shorter than the time taken by developed countries, and China needs to make hard efforts." General Secretary Xi Jinping said.

"It is not that others want us to do it, but we do it ourselves." He emphasized: "The achievements and contributions of the Chinese Communist Party are not only historical, but also worldwide."

  It is necessary to do a good job in the "subtraction" of carbon emissions and the addition of "green expansion".

As an active practitioner of the "Paris Agreement", China has promised the world that by 2030, China's carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP will drop by more than 65% compared with 2005, and non-fossil energy will account for 25% of primary energy consumption Around, the forest volume will increase by 6 billion cubic meters compared with 2005, and the total installed capacity of wind power and solar power will reach more than 1.2 billion kilowatts.

  Since 2013, China has successively implemented three major action plans for the prevention and control of air, water, and soil pollution, and launched a tough battle against pollution—eliminating outdated production capacity, strengthening scattered coal treatment, improving fuel quality, reducing fertilizers and pesticides, and developing clean energy... Today, China is the country with the largest capacity in sewage treatment and garbage treatment in the world. The proportion of clean energy is rapidly increasing, and its industrial scale is the largest in the world. The elimination of ozone-depleting substances accounts for more than 50% of the total in developing countries.

  China's determination and achievements in sticking to the path of green development and building an ecological civilization have been affirmed and appreciated by the international community.

  Inge Annoson, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme, said, "Lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets" beautifully expounding the concept of harmonious coexistence between man and nature. China has made great efforts in environmental restoration, changing the once polluted environment. land, river and sky.

  People planted trees.

"A few trees are planted per person, and a few pieces are planted every year. Over time, the motherland will become more green, the mountains and rivers will continue to be beautiful, and the quality of life of the people will continue to improve."

  From "is there" to "is it good or not", from "hope for food and clothing" to "hope for environmental protection", high-quality development and high-quality life call for the construction of ecological civilization to be placed at an unprecedented height and to be considered as the "bigger of the country".

  Our reporter Guan Xiaopu Li Yunshu

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