[Looking at the Two Sessions] Eliminate the anxiety of "don't dare to give birth and don't want to give birth", and understand the good intentions of the deputies
Our commentator Han Yunchao
"Establish laws and policy orientations to encourage childbearing, actively build supporting policies to encourage childbearing in all directions, vigorously protect the rights and interests of mothers and women's employment rights, and strive to create a social atmosphere that encourages childbearing" - March 7, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Fu Zhenbang On behalf of the Communist Youth League, he said in his speech at the video conference of the Fifth Session of the 13th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference that we must enhance our sense of urgency, deeply understand the strategic urgency of population policy adjustment, clearly implement positive population policies and fertility policies, and encourage greater efforts to encourage Fertility, promote prenatal and postnatal care.
Since my country announced the liberalization of the three-child policy on May 31, 2021, in less than a year, the population and family planning law at the national level has been revised to legalize the three-child policy, and restrictive measures such as the abolition of social maintenance fees have been implemented. Incentives, subsidies and welfare policies have been introduced intensively, such as granting maternity allowances, extending maternity leave for men and women, and reducing or exempting related taxes.
At the National Two Sessions, encouraging fertility has become a hot topic.
"Improve the supporting measures for the three-child birth policy, include the care expenses of infants and young children under the age of 3 into the special additional deduction of personal income tax, develop inclusive childcare services, and reduce the burden of family care" - this paragraph in the government work report has been agreed by the public. like.
"It is recommended that the third child go to kindergarten free of charge" and "restricted cities are recommended to give priority to three-child families to buy a house". The relevant suggestions of many representative committee members have repeatedly rushed to the hot search.
Whether the relevant proposals can be finally adopted and implemented, the fairness, operability, and sustainability of the relevant measures must be considered, and whether a scientific and reasonable cost-sharing mechanism and corresponding support system can be established.
More and more people are realizing that boosting young people's willingness to have children is far from taking a few more days off and making a few more payments.
Building a fertility-friendly society requires a "full chain" and "package" top-level design, and requires the state to integrate fertility support into various economic and social policies and make a combination of punches.
It is gratifying that the suggestions and suggestions made by the representatives of the two sessions on the topic of fertility have both focused on improving the protection of the rights and interests of women of childbearing age, such as "strengthening labor protection for female workers during pregnancy" and "exploring the adoption of conditions by enterprises and institutions". 3+2 'mixed office model', "guarantee the reproductive rights of single women and the equal rights of children born out of wedlock", as well as subtle care to reduce the burden of parenting, such as "incorporate the cost of assisted reproductive technology into medical insurance" and "further improve the hospitalization of infants and young children" "Reimbursement ratio" and "regular free childcare and nanny care services for families with three children", as well as the idea of promoting the overall and healthy development of the population and alleviating educational anxiety, such as "promoting the reform of the compulsory education system, shortening the school system, canceling the high school entrance examination, and popularizing high school".
From childbirth to parenting to education, the difficulties and pain points that may be faced during the period have been concerned by many delegates. Behind this good intention is the public's expectation of improving young people's willingness to bear children through improving public services. It is also the optimization of childbearing. policy and the general trend of promoting the long-term balanced development of the population.
As suggested by industry insiders, boosting the willingness to have children is a systematic project, and changing the concept of fertility is not an overnight event. Faced with changes in the population structure, all parties need time to adapt and adjust, seeking truth from facts and adjusting measures to local conditions.
At the same time, the formulation and implementation of relevant policies must have a sense of urgency against every second, and seize the precious window period of population transformation.
We believe that by continuously improving people's well-being and achieving more balanced and adequate development, we will be getting closer to a fertility-friendly society.Keywords: