The Korean presidential election, which is held once every five years, will be voted on the 9th.

Innovative ruling party Lee Jae-myung (Lee Jae-myung) and conservative opposition candidate Yoon Seok-yeol (Yoon Suk-yeol), who have been competing for approval ratings, have seen a temperature difference in their attitude toward Japan, and the election results are chilling. It is expected to affect Korean relations.

In South Korea, voting for the 20th presidential election will be held at more than 14,000 polling stations from 6 am as President Moon Jae-in's term expires in May. I will.



In the election campaign, Lee Jae-myung, the ruling Democratic Party of Korea, who advocates the continuation of the innovative government, and Yoon Suk-yeol, the largest conservative opposition party aiming for a change of government for the first time in five years, support the polls. It became a development to compete until the final stage at a rate.



At the TV debate, discussions were held on how to deal with rising real estate prices and severe employment conditions, which are becoming more dissatisfied among Koreans, and economic measures following the spread of the new corona infection.



Both candidates say that they need to improve their relations with Japan, but candidate Lee has made some harsh remarks on Japan, such as saying, "I don't think Japan is truly reflecting on the history of the past." increase.



On the other hand, Yun emphasized that "just instigating anti-Japan cannot stand up to changes in the international community," and there is a temperature difference in the attitude toward Japan, and the election results are chilling in Japan-South Korea relations. Expected to affect.



The Korean presidential election will be counted on the same day after the voting is closed at 7:30 pm, and it is expected that the victory or defeat will be confirmed late at night on the 9th.

What is the ruling party candidate Lee Jae-myung?

Lee Jae-myung, the ruling Democratic Party of Korea, is 57 years old from Andong in the southeast.

He grew up in a difficult family and supported his household by working in a factory without attending junior high school or high school.



He passed a certification exam that graduated from high school and entered university, and after graduating he worked as a human rights lawyer.

After that, he was elected mayor of Seongnam City near Seoul in 2010 and entered politics, and from 2018 he served as the governor of Gyeonggi Province near Seoul.



In the party elections for the presidential election, he gained support with an easy-to-understand message and bold action, and was selected as an official candidate of the ruling party in the second challenge despite being a non-mainstream faction who has never been involved in national affairs. ..



In the election campaign, he emphasized that he would become a "capable economic president" based on his achievements in leading local administration, appealed to raise South Korea's economic power to the fifth place in the world, and paid a certain amount to the people unconditionally. He also expressed his intention to aim for the introduction of a "basic income" that guarantees a minimum income.



In terms of diplomacy, it advocates "practical diplomacy" centered on national interests, and says that it will deal with relations with Japan by separating historical and territorial issues from economic cooperation.

However, he also makes harsh remarks, such as saying, "I don't think Japan really reflects on the history of the past."



Furthermore, he has shown his willingness to inherit the harmonious policy of the Mun Jae-in administration to North Korea, and is eager to hold a summit meeting with General Secretary Kim Jong-un.


Regarding denuclearization, it claims to gradually ease sanctions in response to North Korea's response, while reversing sanctions if it fails to keep its promises.

What is the biggest opposition candidate Yoon Suk-yeol?

Yoon Suk-yeol, the largest opposition party, is 61 years old from the capital, Seoul.

Yun, whose parents grew up in a university professor's family and studied at the prestigious Seoul National University, passed the bar exam and became a prosecutor.



Innovative President Mun Jae-in was praised for his ability to thoroughly investigate conservative president Park Geun-hye and former president Lee Myung-bak's bribery cases, and became president of the prosecutor's office in 2019. It was pulled out.



Then, as a result of pursuing the suspicion of Mr. Cho Kuk, who was appointed as the Minister of Justice by the president's aide, and forcing him to resign, the conflict with the administration deepened and he resigned from the prosecutor's office in March last year.



He joined the largest opposition party and was elected as an official candidate for the presidential election, as his long-awaited entry into politics grew with support for his direct opposition to the administration.



In the election campaign, he severely criticized the Mun administration and called for the realization of a change of government for the first time in five years, saying, "We will judge an incompetent government by changing the government. We will create a truly just society."



He showed his willingness to improve relations with Japan, resumed "shuttle diplomacy" in which leaders visit each other's countries, and tightened export control to South Korea and issues related to "recruitment" during the Pacific War. It shows the idea of ​​aiming for a comprehensive solution to Japan's measures.



Regarding North Korea, he said that it is necessary to additionally deploy the US interception missile system "THAAD" in order to strengthen missile defense, and emphasizes cooperation between Japan, the United States and South Korea, and completely denuclearizes North Korea. Depending on the progress, we will provide economic cooperation to North Korea.

Relations with Japan What did both sides complain about?

Both candidates need to improve their relationship with Japan, which has been chilling due to issues such as the comfort women issue and the issue of "recruitment" during the Pacific War, but the differences in position are also conspicuous.



Lee Jae-myung, a candidate for the ruling party of innovation, has made a harsh remark to Japan, saying that he will deal with historical and territorial issues separately from economic, social and diplomatic exchanges and cooperation.



At a press conference, Lee said, "Japan has a history of dominating South Korea for decades and is still dreaming of becoming a military power. I don't think Japan is truly reflecting on its past history, so we It's natural to worry. "



Regarding the issue of "recruitment" during the Pacific War, which is a pending issue between Japan and South Korea, he emphasized that "if you make a sincere apology, you can find a realistic measure for the issue of compensation" and responded by the Japanese side. I am seeking.



Yoon Suk-yeol, the largest conservative opposition party, said about the current Japan-South Korea relations: He criticized the Mun administration's policy toward Japan.



On that basis, he is eager to improve the relationship, saying, "Imagine a new 50 years of bilateral relations that share values ​​and interests and build trust."



Specifically, Japan has resumed "shuttle diplomacy" in which leaders visit each other's countries, issues related to comfort women and "recruitment", and Japan has tightened export control of semiconductor raw materials to South Korea. He emphasizes that he aims for a comprehensive solution to the concerns between the two countries.

Relations with North Korea Claims divided between both candidates

Both candidates have different claims regarding the response to North Korea.



Lee Jae-myung, a candidate for the innovative ruling party, is enthusiastic about the summit meeting with General Secretary Kim Jung-eun after appreciating the efforts of the Mun Jae-in administration, which prioritized the improvement of North-South relations.

Regarding denuclearization, the sanctions will be gradually relaxed according to North Korea's response, and if the promises are not kept, the sanctions will be restored.



Yoon Suk-yeol, the largest conservative opposition party, has added the US interception missile system "THAAD" in preparation for North Korean missiles, in the position that strong deterrence based on the alliance with the United States and cooperation with Japan is necessary. I am appealing for the need to do so.



However, depending on the progress of denuclearization, it plans to provide economic cooperation to North Korea and aims to establish a liaison office for South Korea, North Korea, and the United States at Panmunjom (Panmunjom) on the military demarcation line. ..

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