(Reporter Sun Leqi) At the press conference on "Caring for Women and Caring for Health" held by the China-Japan Friendship Hospital recently, the reporter learned that breast cancer has become the world's largest malignant tumor, and it is showing a younger trend.

Experts recommend that women perform breast self-examination every month and go to the hospital for screening regularly.

  Yang Meng, director of the Department of Breast and Nail Surgery of the General Surgery Department of the China-Japan Friendship Hospital, introduced that breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women worldwide, with an incidence rate of nearly 1/10,000.

According to the data of WHO in 2020, breast cancer has surpassed lung cancer to become the world's largest malignant tumor, and the incidence has been younger in recent years.

  "Everyone must pay attention, but don't talk about the discoloration of cancer." YangMeng said, as long as early detection and early treatment, the overall treatment effect of breast cancer is relatively ideal, and the cure rate of early breast cancer exceeds 90%.

"We are most worried about the patient's inattentiveness!" YangMeng said that breast self-examination and screening are very important for the early prevention and treatment of breast cancer.

Self-examination is recommended to be performed once a month. Women should first check whether there are changes in appearance around the breast, such as skin lesions, eczema, depression, dimple sign, orange peel sign, nipple bleeding, nipple displacement, abnormal breast enlargement, etc.

The second is to palpate, that is, to check whether there is any abnormal tumor. "If there is a painless, hard texture and unclear boundary, you should be alert to the possibility of tumor and go to the hospital in time."

  Regarding the frequency of screening, YangMeng recommends: women aged 40 to 45 should undergo B-ultrasound and mammography screening once a year; women aged 45-69 should undergo mammography and B-ultrasound screening every one to two years; women over 70 should undergo two Screening once a year.

People with high risk factors should start screening under the age of 40.

  Adverse genetic factors, environmental factors, and lifestyle factors are all risk factors for breast cancer.

In order to prevent breast cancer, experts recommend that women do moderate physical exercise, breastfeeding, work and rest regularly, eat more fruits and vegetables, whole grain diets, do not smoke, do not drink alcohol, do not stay up late, and do not exceed the age of 35 for the first childbirth.