[How to make young people willing to enter the factory ②] The value of skills should be reflected in the salary slip
"This year, I will put forward suggestions for improving the treatment of skilled workers from the perspective of strengthening the top-level design of the occupational channel for skilled talents." Yang Jie, a senior technician and senior engineer of Anhui Huaibei Mining Group Co., Ltd., has participated in the National People's Congress for 5 times, and is a representative of the National People's Congress. Focus on the income of frontline workers.
When the salaries of skilled talents do not match their contributions, the attractiveness of the industry will be further weakened. To achieve a balance between the three and promote each other is a key step to fill the gap in manufacturing talents.
The representative members called for the value of skills to be reflected in the payroll.
The overall income of skilled talents is low
In August of this year, Ma Jiayou, a representative of the National People's Congress and a ship fitter of Shanhaiguan Shipbuilding Industry Co., Ltd., will retire.
Ma Jiayou, who is engaged in ship repair work, has worked as a representative for 39 years. As a senior technician, his monthly technical allowance is only 400 yuan on his salary slip.
A few years ago, Ding Zhaomin, a welder and senior technician from the Pump Industry Branch of Fuao Auto Parts Co., Ltd., a representative of the National People's Congress, established a master studio in a vocational and technical college.
He found that the school's welder program only admits about 30 new students each year.
Data from the National Bureau of Statistics shows that in 2020, the average annual salary of employees in enterprises above designated size in the manufacturing industry will be 74,641 yuan.
In contrast, the average annual salary of employees in enterprises above designated size in the information transmission, software and information technology service industries is 175,258 yuan.
The former is less than half of the latter.
As the industry vane of high-skilled talents, the income situation is not optimistic.
A survey by the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions shows that two national model workers who have been appraised as senior technicians in the city for nearly 20 years, and have won the second prize of the National Science and Technology Progress Award and the Chinese Skills Award, are only paid as much as five years of senior professional titles in their companies. engineering technicians.
Representative Yang Jie learned from a company's research that although the company has implemented the "new eight-level worker" system and the highest-level chief technician has also implemented an annual salary system, the overall income of skilled talents is still low.
"With the support of love, income is no longer a single issue"
Representative Ding Zhaomin has always had a regret: one of his most proud apprentices was transferred because of his low income as a welder.
After the transfer, the income of the apprentice has indeed increased a lot, "but the craftsmanship that was finally learned is lost."
Representative Ding Zhaomin has been looking forward to the introduction of the policy to improve the treatment of skilled workers, and then "requires" the apprentices to come back to work in technology.
In recent years, a series of policies such as the "Opinions on Improving the Treatment of Skilled Workers", "Guidelines for Salary Distribution for Skilled Talents", and "14th Five-Year Plan for Vocational Skills Training" have been successively introduced. The status and treatment of industrial workers have been significantly improved. The representative expects, "the landing speed is faster."
During the interview, representatives of Yang Jie and Ding Zhaomin also mentioned that as the winners of the highest award in my country's technology field, the China Skills Award, they did not enjoy special treatment in terms of salary, job promotion, options and equity.
In addition, the distribution method of some enterprises is unreasonable, resulting in the slow growth of workers' wages despite the increase in the scale and profits of enterprises.
"Of course, enterprises also have difficulties." Speaking of the wages of front-line workers, Chen Chunxing, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and chairman of Wuhan Smart Elevator Co., Ltd., said, "manufacturing companies are mostly labor-intensive enterprises, and most of them have low profits. , there will be problems with the survival of the enterprise.”
Engaged in CNC machining for 33 years, Dai Tianfang, deputy to the National People's Congress and chief technician of the 239 Factory of the Third Academy of Aerospace Science and Technology of China, has grown from an ordinary skilled worker to a "big country craftsman".
When Dai Tianfang went to Germany for training and study, he saw local primary school students in grades two and three entering the training base, and the children were full of curiosity about manufacturing.
He began to realize that inspiring young people's love and emotion for manufacturing, and promoting the combination of talent training and interest are issues that the industry needs to think about.
"With the support of love, income is no longer a single issue."
Jointly promote the growth of skilled personnel income
Representative Yang Jie suggested that it is necessary to open up the career channels of management and technical layers, and reshape the salary system for management talents and skilled talents on the principle of equality, so that high-level workers can stay at ease.
Yao Wujiang, deputy to the National People's Congress and deputy director of the Electromechanical Engineering Zone of the No. 1 mine of Shanxi Huayang Group, is very proud of the company's salary system: "We implement the 'W salary system'." He explained that in this system, whether it is a technical post , management positions or operating positions, as long as the practitioners have strong ability and good business, the income can be on the same level.
In Shandong Himile Machinery Technology Co., Ltd., such attempts have been going on for many years.
Wang Qinfeng, deputy to the National People's Congress and leader of the EDM team of Himile, introduced that the company implements an internal selection mechanism. As long as the requirements are met, employees can be transferred between management, technology, sales and other positions.
Having worked at Himile for nearly 27 years, the representative of Wang Qinfeng has rotated 18 positions.
Due to the generous technical allowances of the company and the ability to subscribe for shares for outstanding work, it is not uncommon for skilled workers to earn more than 10,000 yuan per month.
According to Xu Ling, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and vice president of Guangdong Normal University of Technology, the premise of increasing the income of skilled workers in the manufacturing industry is that enterprises must transform and upgrade, master core technologies, enter the high-value industrial chain, and increase profit margins.
"Only in this way can manufacturing companies have the confidence to increase wages and pay for skilled talents." However, to achieve this goal, "skill assignments" are inseparable.
Member Chen Chunxing looked forward to the introduction of more supportive policies and measures for the manufacturing industry, and more capital to flow into the real economy. "Everyone will work together to promote the income of skilled talents to a new level." (This newspaper, Beijing, March 7th)
Luo Xiaoxiao Chen Xiaoyan
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