(Observation of the Two Sessions) After the "double reduction" fades away the "virtual fire", how to crack the "heart fire"?

  China News Agency, Beijing, March 6th, question: After the "double reduction" fades away from the "false fire", how to crack the "heart fire"?

  China News Agency reporter Tang Xiaoqing

  In July last year, China's "double reduction" policy was introduced, which clearly aims to reduce the burden of excessive homework and off-campus training for students in compulsory education.

Under the "double reduction", the emotions of joy, worry and urgency are intertwined, the "false fire" of off-campus training has faded, how to solve the problems of parents' "heart fire" and the shortage of teachers. ".

FILE PHOTO: Students take classes in the school.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Zhang Yun


  The implementation of the "Double Reduction" policy has reduced the amount of homework and cancelled extracurricular training. Students and parents feel more relaxed and worry-free.

  Zhang Dafang, member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, vice chairman of the Hunan Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, and chairman of the Jiusan Society Provincial Committee, found that the "double reduction" policy has achieved initial results, and the economic pressure of students' families and the energy expenditure of parents have been reduced.

  On the other hand, schools around the world have explored more diverse after-school service courses and used a variety of game activities to judge comprehensive literacy.

"The 'double reduction' reduces the academic burden, and the personality, creativity, responsibility, dreams and love will not be reduced." Ji Tao, deputy to the National People's Congress, secretary of the Party Group and general manager of Hunan China Tobacco Industry Co., Ltd. found that the training market is growing wildly The phenomenon has been effectively contained, the social education ecology has been purified, and the whole society supports and recognizes the "double reduction" reform.

  According to data from the Ministry of Education of China, as of now, the original 124,000 offline subject training institutions in the compulsory education stage have been reduced to 9,728; the original 263 online and off-campus training institutions have been reduced to 34.

Ji Tao believes that we can further establish the concept of scientific education and strengthen the comprehensive training of students' comprehensive quality.

Data map: After the students completed their homework, they participated in the activities of the paper-cutting club.

China News Agency reporter Liu Xinshe


  The "virtual fire" of off-campus training has dropped significantly, but the parents who are temporarily unsuitable are "hearted" and unable to retreat. Education anxiety still breeds, and some "chicken baby" parents even spend "heavy money" for tutoring.

  During the survey, the delegates also found that the new "underground education and training market" is growing, the unbalanced and unbalanced educational resources still exist, and the after-school service governance is difficult to achieve, which has led to the elimination of the effect of the "double reduction" policy at the implementation level.

  Zhang Guogang, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and president of the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, hopes to build a public online education system, deepen the supply-side reform in the education field, build a platform, integrate resources, and solve the contradiction in the supply structure of high-quality educational resources.

  "Many prominent problems also need to be seen." Zhang Dafang found that due to the imbalance of educational resources, from the perspective of the "double reduction" of the same national benchmark, some areas need "double reduction", and some areas need "single reduction" , rural primary and secondary schools may have "no burden to reduce".

"It leads to uneven quality of homework design in various schools in various places." Zhang Dafang suggested that questions should be issued as soon as possible to judge the weight of students' homework burden and scientific standards, rather than "one size fits all".

  Ji Tao worries that the general environment of exam-oriented education and the educational evaluation orientation of "only grades" and "advanced education" will not change, and the unbalanced and unbalanced educational resources will still exist.

"A large part of China's social education anxiety comes from the 'high school entrance examination diversion'. It is recommended to popularize compulsory high school education, cancel the senior high school entrance examination, and reduce the burden from the source."

Data map: Students practice playing the guzheng.

China News Agency issued Liu Mancang Photo source: CNSPHOTO


  Teachers are the key to reducing the burden on students.

However, in the process of promoting the policy, the deputies noticed that problems such as the increased burden on teachers and the shortage of teachers have arisen.

  "After-school services are fully covered, teachers' workload and working hours in school have increased." Ji Tao called for a reasonable reduction of teachers' burdens unrelated to education and teaching, and to provide incentives and guarantees.

  Zhang Dafang also suggested setting up a salary model with long-term incentives to improve teachers' after-school service participation and service quality.

"It is also possible to explore the introduction of teacher trainee resources to participate in after-school services to alleviate the shortage of teacher resources on campus."

  Wang Huaijun, the principal of Sushi School in Yanchi Township, Shimen County, Hunan Province, has been rooted in the mountainous area for nearly 40 years.

After being elected as a deputy to the National People's Congress, she traveled to local villages to encourage and encourage the development of schools in mountainous areas.

"Students have individual needs for club activities and characteristic development, but the school's existing teachers are unable to meet this change, and they need to hire teachers with corresponding qualifications outside the school." Wang Huaijun is anxious that in the process of implementing the "double reduction" policy, the compulsory education stage The school has problems such as limited space, facilities and equipment, and a large increase in public funds.

  She suggested that the higher-level finance should increase the transfer payment of education funds to Hunan and other central and western regions, reduce the pressure on the income and expenditure of the grass-roots finance, and set up special funds for after-school services.