Taking the voice of the people as the guideline, the public interest litigation prosecutor handed over a dazzling transcript

  Interview with Zhang Xueqiao, Member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and Deputy Chief Procurator of the Supreme People's Procuratorate

The picture shows Zhang Xueqiao, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and deputy chief procurator of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, being interviewed on the Rule of Law Network.

Photo by Han Yi

  □ Our reporter Zhao Ying

  In recent years, procuratorial organs across the country have focused on serving the overall situation of the center and the people's better life, paying close attention to prominent problems of public interest damage, and focusing on key areas to further promote public interest litigation procuratorial work. It will be more sound, and deliver a high-scoring answer sheet that escorts high-quality economic and social development and satisfies the people with strong responsibility.

  Recently, a reporter from the Rule of Law Daily interviewed Zhang Xueqiao, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and deputy chief prosecutor of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, on the topic of public interest litigation prosecution.

  Dare to bite the "hard bones", the governance has achieved remarkable results

  "Procuratorial organs identify the combination of public interest litigation and the promotion of the modernization of the country's governance system and governance capacity, take the initiative to act, make precise efforts, and vigorously promote the efficient development of public interest litigation and procuratorial work." Zhang Xueqiao said.

  Public welfare, in the final analysis, is the interests of the people.

"Focusing on the people's worries, worries, and troubles, the Supreme People's Procuratorate has successively deployed special activities such as 'guaranteeing the safety of thousands of households', 'protecting the ocean', and 'public interest litigation to protect a better life'." Zhang Xueqiao said, "Public interest litigation to protect In the first year since the launch of the "Better Life" special campaign, procuratorial organs across the country have handled 122,345 public interest litigation cases in the fields of ecological environment and food and drug safety, supervised the restoration of an area of ​​873,400 mu of polluted water sources, and supervised the removal and disposal of 385.17 million illegally stacked domestic wastes. 10,000 tons, and 330,300 kilograms of counterfeit and shoddy food were investigated and dealt with.

  The Supreme People's Procuratorate, together with the Ministry of Water Resources, promoted the river chief's office of the nine provinces (districts) along the Yellow River and the procuratorial organs to jointly carry out the special action of "jointly clearing the four chaos and protecting the mother river", and cleaned up and rectified 9,544 "four chaos" problems in the river according to law.

  "Administrative public interest litigation can strengthen judicial supervision, further consolidate law enforcement and judicial efforts, and better solve social governance problems." Zhang Xueqiao said that since 2017, procuratorial organs across the country have filed and handled 510,107 administrative public interest litigation cases.

  In addition, the Supreme People's Procuratorate also handled "hard-bone" cases such as public interest litigation cases for damage to the ecological environment in the Wanfeng Lake and Nansi Lake basins, and solved a number of social governance problems in key areas such as ecological environment and food safety, and continued to make the sky bluer, The modernization construction with greener mountains, clearer water and more beautiful environment provides a strong judicial guarantee.

  Realize new breakthroughs and draw new pictures

  "In response to the serious damage to the ecological environment of the Nansi Lake Basin at the junction of Shandong, Jiangsu, Henan and Anhui, the Supreme People's Procuratorate decided to directly file a case for handling. The investigators used drones, big data and satellite remote sensing to conduct forensic investigations to obtain clues to the case. 237." Zhang Xueqiao pointed out that the application of scientific and technological means has added "wisdom wings" to public interest litigation prosecution, forming a case-handling model of "seeing in the sky, calculating on the cloud, and checking on the ground", drawing a new picture of intelligent prosecution.

  In 2021, the procuratorial organs will implement the requirement of "protecting the ecological environment with the strictest system and the strictest rule of law", centering on case handling, comprehensively play the role of the four major procuratorial functions, and protect the clear waters, green mountains and blue sky.

From January to November, a total of 79,087 public interest litigation cases in the field of ecological environment resources were filed nationwide, a year-on-year increase of 2.52%.

  It is understood that the Supreme People's Procuratorate and provincial procuratorates have increased their efforts to handle public interest litigation cases, focusing on ecological and environmental issues with serious damage to public welfare, great social impact, or cross-basin and cross-regional characteristics, and directly filed more than 60 cases.

  Zhang Xueqiao said frankly that in practice, public interest litigation prosecutors still have problems in the field of ecological environmental protection, such as difficulties in cross-regional governance, difficulty in identifying ecological damage, and imperfect ecological restoration mechanisms.

The procuratorial organs will further improve the cross-regional jurisdictional coordination mechanism for public interest litigation, increase technical support for environmental public interest litigation, actively handle "hard-core" cases that have been strongly reported by the public, and continuously improve the quality and effectiveness of public welfare protection.

  Expand new fields and open new prospects

  In recent years, the procuratorial organs at all levels, while continuously deepening the legal field, take the voice of the people as the guideline, take the solution of outstanding problems as the guide, and take the new field of public interest litigation as the breakthrough, opening up a new situation of public interest litigation prosecution.

  "Procuratorial organs have further deepened their exploration of cultural relics and cultural heritage, personal information, special groups, anti-monopoly and other fields, and have handled a large number of public interest litigation cases involving the vital interests of the people. In 2021, the proportion of cases in new fields will reach 26.1%. Domain governance is perfect." Zhang Xueqiao said.

  Cultural relics and cultural heritage carry splendid civilization and inherit history and culture.

The procuratorial organs have solidly carried out special campaigns for public interest litigation such as the Great Wall, the culture of the Grand Canal, and the protection of red resources, and released 13 typical cases of public interest litigation in the field of the protection of the Grand Canal and 10 in the protection of cultural relics and cultural heritage.

  Zhang Xueqiao said that the Supreme People's Procuratorate focused on new issues and new demands of citizens' personal information protection in the Internet era, and worked with the Central Cyberspace Administration of China, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other functional departments to actively promote the connection between administrative law enforcement and public interest litigation and prosecution, and published 11 typical cases of public interest litigation in the field of personal information protection. Focus on supervising the illegal collection of personal information by apps, and the illegal processing of personal information in banking, insurance, education and medical care, decoration and other industries.

  In addition, the procuratorial organs have always attached great importance to the protection of the rights and interests of special groups, and have deployed normalized special supervision throughout the country to carry out "love without hindrance" to the end, and help "the elderly without code" to eliminate the "digital divide".

  It is reported that the procuratorial organs will increase their exploration in cyberspace governance, anti-monopoly and anti-unfair competition, intellectual property rights, and protection of labor rights and interests in new formats.