(Observation of the Two Sessions) After the "double subtraction", these "additions" should also be done well

  China News Agency, Beijing, March 5th (Reporter Chang Tao and Li Peishan) Now is the second new semester after the implementation of China's "double reduction" policy.

In the Jiankang City branch of No. 21 Primary School in Yinchuan, Ningxia, after-school courses such as paper-cutting, chorus, basketball, and table tennis are carried out under the leadership of teachers, and the class is full of laughter...

  In the face of such a scene, Ma Hengyan, deputy to the National People's Congress and secretary of the Party branch of No. 21 Primary School in Yinchuan, Ningxia, was quite touched, "I have talked about the realization of the goal of 'burden reduction' for many years, which has brought real benefits to parents and students. ".

  However, in addition to the joy, Ma Hengyan is also worried about new problems.

  "Under the 'double reduction' policy, students' after-school services have achieved full coverage, but teachers' workload and school hours have increased, and new contradictions have emerged." Ma Hengyan gave an example, "Yinchuan City 21 There are 2,975 students in the primary school, and 96.4% of them participate in after-school services. Students are very enthusiastic about their participation, but some students choose the first lesson time and some choose the second lesson time. A lot of energy is put into statistics, which increases the burden on teachers.”

  In addition, according to Ma Hengyan, although Yinchuan City has formulated a trial standard for after-school service fees in primary and secondary schools, “the specific practice process is also difficult, and the relationship between service fees and service quality can easily lead to conflicts between home and school.”

  In Ma Hengyan's view, the key to solving these problems is to do "addition" in addition to "double subtraction", such as "introducing teacher incentive policies in a timely manner".

  Li Yan, deputy to the National People's Congress and president of Qilu Pharmaceutical Group, holds a similar view.

She said that while implementing the "double reduction" policy, the Ministry of Education is also promoting "double increase", of which sports and aesthetic education are important links.

However, at present, the school's physical education and aesthetic education classes are insufficient in class hours, the relevant professional teachers are insufficiently equipped, the teachers' professional quality is uneven, and the physical and aesthetic education examinations are not standardized.

  Li Yan believes that "addition" should be done after the "double reduction". While the school comprehensively increases the hours of physical education and aesthetic education, it should also increase financial investment and optimize the structure of teachers.

"It is recommended to establish a support mechanism for schools with weak physical and aesthetic education foundations, inter-school teacher sharing and a 'hand-in-hand' support mechanism for urban and rural schools, and adopt methods such as synchronizing classrooms and sharing high-quality online resources to make up for the shortcomings of teachers and resources."

  Ma Hengyan suggested that all localities should give corresponding remuneration to teachers for their extra labor. The financial department should optimize the performance salary plan for primary and secondary school teachers, set up a special fund for "after-school service funds" in teachers' performance salary, and allocate funds to each school according to the number of students. , to ensure that after-school service funds are mainly used for subsidies for teachers and related personnel participating in after-school services.

  At the spiritual level, Ma Hengyan also suggested that the education department cooperate with the personnel department to use the performance of teachers in after-school services as a reference for professional title evaluation, recognition and reward and performance salary distribution.

  Qiao Xu, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and president of Nanjing University of Technology, talked about his understanding of "double reduction" from the perspective of "selecting candidates".

In an interview with a reporter from China News Agency recently, he said that the "double subtraction" should reduce some difficult questions, such as the Olympiad, and eliminate repetitive exercises, such as the tactics of the sea, "to cultivate students' interest and innovative thinking, let students Take it easy and avoid burnout soon after entering college."

  According to Huang Huachun, deputy to the National People's Congress and vice-principal of Chongzuo Senior High School in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, the school is the main body of the "addition and subtraction problem" of "double subtraction". "What to subtract" is very clear, "what to add" "It is mainly reflected in three aspects: first, schools should improve the quality of classroom teaching; second, reform the teacher evaluation system; third, improve the treatment of primary and secondary school teachers and enhance their professional attractiveness.

  In fact, some parents still have such concerns: under the "double reduction" policy, can the enrollment rate be guaranteed?

  Qiao Xu believes that while the "double subtraction" is promoted, the "addition" should be done in the system of further studies.

"At present, students rely on the high school entrance examination and the college entrance examination. The so-called 'one test for life', if the 'double reduction' is not conducive to the entrance examination, it is bound to be difficult to advance. In the context of the 'double reduction', it is possible to try the 'recommendation + assessment (examination)' 'Promotion mechanism, junior high school recommends to high school, high school recommends to university, at the same time high school and university conduct assessment (test) on recommended students to determine whether to admit." Qiao Xu said.

  At the first "member channel" of the fifth session of the 13th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference on March 4, Li Youyi, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and the principal of the Beijing Twelfth Middle School United School, said when talking about "double reduction", "double reduction" "What's subtracted is unnecessary, mechanical, repetitive academic burdens.

The implementation of "double reduction" is to promote the return of education to its essence, so that students have time and motivation to develop in an all-round way, and lead basic education to the right track of cultivating talents with both political integrity and ability and innovation.

  The 2022 government work report released on March 5 proposed to continue to do a good job in reducing the burden of compulsory education.

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