China News Service, Beijing, March 4 (Ren Jing) Recently, Su Hua, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, said that the key to accelerating the construction of a manufacturing power lies in talents. We not only need research talents, but also a large number of high-quality technical and skilled talents.
However, there are still structural contradictions in talent training.
Vocational education undergraduates should be steadily developed to promote the transformation of applied undergraduates.
According to the data of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, my country's manufacturing high-skilled talents only account for 28% of the total skilled talents, and there is still a big gap compared with developed countries.
According to the "Manufacturing Talent Development Planning Guide", in 2025, there will be a talent gap of about 30 million in the ten key fields of my country's manufacturing industry, with a gap rate of 48%.
In this regard, Su Hua believes that the undergraduate vocational education should be steadily developed and the transformation of applied undergraduate education should be promoted.
Expand the scale of vocational education undergraduates, speed up the pilot program of vocational education at the undergraduate level, give priority to the selection of qualified "dual-high plan" higher vocational colleges to build vocational education undergraduate schools, accelerate the transformation of local ordinary undergraduate schools to applied undergraduate schools, and actively encourage independent colleges to transfer. Design, build a batch of vocational education undergraduate schools and applied undergraduate schools.
Su Hua suggested that the central finance and the local finance of each province and city should jointly undertake the funds for the upgrading of local colleges and universities to vocational education undergraduate schools and the transformation to applied undergraduate schools. Increase the special funds for the construction of the "double-qualified" teacher team and the construction of training bases.
Su Hua also suggested that the reform of vocational education college entrance examination should be deepened and the channels for talents to rise smoothly.
Improve the "knowledge + skills" test method, increase the weight of vocational skills test scores to more than 50%, vocational education undergraduate schools and applied undergraduate schools should directly recruit students to secondary vocational schools.
The proportion of the national annual vocational education college entrance examination and the general college entrance examination undergraduate enrollment plan should be determined according to the ratio of the number of secondary vocational graduates and ordinary high school graduates. The college entrance examination is roughly equivalent in terms of undergraduate admissions plans, attracting more outstanding students to enroll in vocational colleges.
Su Hua believes that we should speed up the construction of a modern vocational education system, deepen the integration of the education chain, the talent chain with the industrial chain and the innovation chain, promote the active connection of vocational education and serve the transformation of old and new kinetic energy, promote industrial transformation and upgrading, and achieve government, industry, schools, and enterprises. "Chorus" of one heart and one mind, to cultivate more high-quality technical and technical talents, skilled craftsmen, and craftsmen from major countries, and lay a solid foundation for the emergence of more Chinese good manufacturing, Chinese high quality, and Chinese big brands.