Public security organs fight against and build a "firewall" of electricity fraud

The number of incidents has continued to decline, and the reputation has continued to rise

  □ Our reporter Dong Fanchao

  Telecom and network fraud crimes continue to occur frequently, and criminals’ methods of committing crimes are constantly being renovated.

  Not long ago, a set of data disclosed by the Ministry of Public Security is exciting: From January to November 2021, public security organs across the country cracked more than 370,000 telecom and network fraud cases, and arrested more than 549,000 criminal suspects, including from June to November. In November, the number of telecommunications and network fraud cases decreased year-on-year for six consecutive months.

  Why has the number of telecommunications network frauds continued to decline?

What institutional experiences have been formed in the process of combating governance?

What is the next key direction?

With these questions in mind, the "Rule of Law Daily" reporter interviewed relevant departments and local public security organs.

The word "strict" comes first

Continued high-pressure crackdown

  Xiaozhou, who lives in Haixi, Qinghai, would never have thought that the promise of a "friend" that "the monthly income from picking tea in the mountains exceeds 10,000" has become a nightmare.

  Late one night in July 2020, at the southwest border, a small boat was led by a "friend" to "pick up tea in the mountains".

In fact, he is now embarking on a smuggling road to a neighboring country.

  In the following 3 months, Xiaozhou was controlled in front of a computer. In addition to countless online chat windows, there were also "training tutorials" and "operation guides" related to "killing pigs" telecom network fraud and "naked chat" extortion. ".

  "The entrances and exits are guarded by armed personnel with guns. If you can't complete the 'performance', you will starve and be beaten." In Xiaozhou's memory, there are often loud gunshots here, coupled with the spread of the epidemic, fleeing back to the motherland is the only thing in many people's hearts. think.

  Just when Xiaozhou was suffering, a rescue from the public security organs was in full swing in his hometown more than 2,000 kilometers away.

  Liu Donghai, deputy chief of the Criminal Investigation Division of the Qinghai Provincial Public Security Department, said that since the launch of the "cut-off" project of public security organs across the country, the Qinghai public security organs, under the command of the Ministry of Public Security, have carried out two separate operations on June 14 and July 17, 2021. A total of 291 criminal suspects were captured and the boat was rescued.

  In the past year, the Ministry of Public Security has established a "cut-off" project action headquarters in response to organizing recruiters to go abroad to carry out telecommunication and network fraud and other criminal activities, to coordinate and direct all work of the project operation.

  In accordance with the requirements of "one gang, one special class, one case and one chain cutting", the public security organs in various places keep a close eye on the target task, concentrate superior resources, and cut the chain and cut off the channel, dig "gold masters", fight "snake heads" and a series of "combinations". "Fist", a total of more than 10,600 gangs with more than 3 people who have illegally exited the country, cracked more than 5,300 criminal cases, and arrested more than 44,690 criminal suspects, making every effort to squeeze the living space of criminal gangs.

  Under the guidance of the Provincial Public Security Department, the Sanming City Public Security Bureau of Fujian Province has focused on data research and judgment on the one hand, and large-scale crackdowns on the other. It has now arrested 125 "smugglers", 32 transporters and responders, and 3,787 illegal entry and exit and other black and gray personnel. People, effectively cut off the passage from Fujian to the southwest border smuggling Southeast Asian countries.

  Implementing telecommunication network fraud through fraudulent apps is a common trick used by electronic fraud criminals in recent years.

The investigation by the public security organs found that most of the fraudulent apps were made by fraudulent websites, and some technical developers became accomplices of fraud gangs driven by illegal interests.

From writing program code, to renting servers, purchasing domain names, domain name resolution, to App packaging and distribution, etc., a specialized criminal chain with a clear division of labor has been formed. Among them, domain name resolution has high technical content and strong concealment, which is the key to the criminal chain. ring.

  In this regard, the Criminal Investigation Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security started from fraudulent websites and sorted out 211 clues to criminal gangs that provide illegal network services such as domain name resolution for fraudulent gangs, involving 1,065 fraud cases in 23 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities across the country. Simultaneously launched the attack and centralized collection of the Internet, more than 210 criminal suspects were arrested, and more than 250 computers, mobile phones and other crime equipment were seized, which effectively cracked down on the arrogance of criminals.

  The person in charge of the relevant department of the Ministry of Public Security said that the public security organs will further deepen the attack on major cases, based on the domestic and overseas, organize the exit to smash the dens, strengthen the analysis and judgment of the new trends of such crimes, domain name resolution, App technology development, virtual currency money laundering, etc. The key link of black and gray production launched a fierce offensive, resolutely curbed the high incidence of telecom and network fraud crimes, and effectively safeguarded the property safety and legitimate rights and interests of the people.

The word "blocking" is clear

Technology to break the problem and block the source

  In the summer of 2021, many citizens of Xiamen, Fujian received a fraudulent text message to apply for a social security card online.

  At the same time, the police reception hall of Xiamen's new-type telecommunication network anti-criminal center was busy—one after another ringing, keyboard tapping, and footsteps, the big screen played the real-time monitoring images of the city's main business districts in a loop, and the war situation On the research and judgment screen, classified warning information and the trend chart of the incident were scrolled, and the anti-fraud battle atmosphere was blowing.

  "Hello, this is the Xiamen Crackdown and Management Center. Did you receive a message to apply for a social security card online this morning? Note that it is fraudulent information. Do not click on the text message link and do not reveal the bank card information." The staff made return visits to the suspected victims monitored by big data one by one, and they made hundreds of similar discouragement calls every day.

  In order to make early warning and publicity one step faster, and intercept and stop payment one second faster, Xiamen Public Security Bureau broke through the original institutional framework and built a synthetic anti-fraud "cloud system" with three-level joint operations of the city bureau, sub-bureau and police station.

  With the help of the anti-fraud "cloud system", from January to December 2021, the number of criminal police cases related to telecommunications network fraud in Xiamen dropped by 20.36% year-on-year, and the freezing of fraudulent money and the return of the defrauded amount increased by 8.57% and 11.2% respectively.

  In response to the continuous renovation of fraudsters’ modus operandi, in the past year, local public security organs have insisted on the combination of attack and prevention and put prevention first, continuously improved their technical countermeasure capabilities, and comprehensively strengthened early warning and dissuasion. A total of 326.5 billion yuan of funds involved in the case were urgently intercepted, and fraudulent calls were intercepted. 1.55 billion times and 1.76 billion fraudulent text messages, preventing 23.37 million people from being deceived, and building a solid "anti-fraud shield".

  In response to the situation that a large number of bank cards and telephone cards are used for telecommunications network fraud, in order to curb the rapid rise of telecommunications network fraud cases from the root cause, the State Council Inter-ministerial Joint Conference on Combating and Governing New Illegal Crimes on Telecommunications Networks has deployed a nationwide "broken card" "action.

Local public security organs insist on destroying the Internet, fighting gangs, and cutting off channels. From January to November 2021, a total of 39,000 illegal and criminal gangs involving "two cards" have been destroyed, 420,000 criminal suspects have been investigated, and financial institutions and communications have been investigated and dealt with. There are more than 5,000 employees in the enterprise.

  With the deepening of the "broken card" operation, the delivery and sales channels for telecom and network fraud gangs to obtain the "two cards" have been blocked, and the "two cards" used by fraud dens to commit crimes are seriously insufficient. , telecommunications fraud has been hit hard.

  In response to the outstanding problems in some key areas involving the "two cards", around the goal of "do not open cards if suspicious, not involved in cases, and must be investigated for cases involved", a multi-departmental linkage mechanism has been established to comprehensively improve risk control capabilities.

Qingdao, Shandong established a rapid linkage mechanism between police and banks, and successfully destroyed a very large money laundering gang that traveled in many places.

Wuhan, Hubei, and Shenzhen, Guangdong established a blacklist sharing mechanism, increased the management and control of card issuance, and significantly reduced the number of cases involving newly issued cards.

  In the past few years, the Ministry of Public Security, together with multiple departments, has issued several notices and opinions related to cracking down on the crime of telecommunication and network fraud, providing a solid legal guarantee for the crackdown and governance.

All localities and departments insist on joint management and comprehensive management, and effectively eradicate the breeding ground for illegal and criminal activities from the source.

  The relevant person in charge of the Joint Office of the State Council said that the current "breaking card" operation has entered a critical period and a critical stage. All localities and departments will always maintain a high-pressure crackdown situation, improve work measures, improve technical means, strengthen industry governance and key rectification, and resolutely win. "Break the card" action battle.

"Xuan" word solid defense

Precise publicity and comprehensive prevention

  "Your milk tea is ready, here are some anti-fraud tips, please take a look!" On January 16, in a milk tea shop in the second section of Binhe West Road, Mianzhu City, Sichuan Province, the staff sealed the cup and skillfully posted After the last anti-fraud sticker, the cup of "anti-fraud milk tea" was handed to the customer.

  "In our hands, in our eyes, in our stomachs, and in our hearts, let us better protect our 'money bag'." Ms. Gu gladly took a photo of this special anti-fraud publicity method. , share in the circle of friends.

  In order to further improve the anti-fraud awareness of the masses, the Mianzhu Municipal Public Security Bureau, together with some milk tea shops in its jurisdiction, launched the first cup of "anti-fraud milk tea" in 2022 on January 1, offering the masses a "New Year's Eve" with public security features. Gift".

  The prevention of telecommunications fraud is half of the publicity department.

  In the past year, local public security organs have innovated publicity forms and enriched dissemination carriers to send fraud prevention knowledge to thousands of households, further creating a strong anti-fraud atmosphere for all staff, and jointly building a strong anti-fraud "firewall".

  In May 2021, many citizens of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province who visited the farmers' market received a copy of "anti-fraud eggs" printed with anti-fraud language. If you drop the pie, there will only be a trap in the sky" and "There are so many tricks in Internet fraud, even this egg is fake" and other slogans.

  It turned out that these were the first batch of "anti-fraud eggs" issued by the Hangzhou Public Security Bureau.

Putting "fake eggs" into real eggs is also to sound the alarm - "there are also fakes for you", thus reminding the public to pay attention to preventing fraud.

  On the eve of the Mid-Autumn Festival in 2021, in the canteen of the Wujing Police Station of the Minhang Branch of the Shanghai Public Security Bureau, police officers are carefully packing boxes of fresh mooncakes.

The words "Wujing Police Station" and "Anti-fraud has me" are printed on the mooncakes, and a QR code prompting the installation of the "National Anti-Fraud Center" app is affixed on the outer packaging of each mooncake.

  According to reports, according to the statistics of the anti-fraud center, the police identified high-risk and vulnerable groups of telecommunications network fraud, and delivered "anti-fraud mooncakes" through "targeted" door-to-door delivery to conduct accurate anti-fraud publicity.

  The data shows that in 2021, public security organs across the country will carry out in-depth activities of "One Million Policemen Enter Ten Thousand Homes", and will strengthen the prevention and publicity of telecommunications network fraud and the detection of clues in a targeted manner, so as to timely dissuade 11.04 million people from telecommunications fraud, and restore the economy for the people. Loss of 10.3 billion yuan.

  The reporter learned that the current "anti-telephone fraud" propaganda not only shows a trend of "multi-point blooming" offline, but also has fruitful online practice and exploration.

  From January 10th to 18th, the "3.28" extraordinarily large cross-border telecommunication network fraud case under the supervision of the Ministry of Public Security was held in the first instance of the People's Court of Xiji County, Guyuan City, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.

  Several live webcasts of the trial were conducted, and anti-fraud reminders such as “Watch the live trial, learn legal knowledge, improve security awareness, and prevent online fraud” were set up on the bulletin board and comment area of ​​the live broadcast room.

  The nine-day live broadcast of the trial attracted more than 25 million views and more than 1 million comments.

Netizens analyzed online fraud routines and discussed the progress of the case in the comment area. Many netizens also used their experiences of being deceived to remind others to "don't be greedy for petty gains" and "no pie in the sky".

  The Joint Office of the State Council further increased publicity and exposure, fully mobilized the masses, and created a strong public opinion atmosphere in the whole society.

The official government account of the National Anti-Fraud Center has released more than 1,500 videos in total, various localities and departments have carried out 15,000 themed publicity activities, and sent 3.62 billion public welfare text messages. The public's awareness and ability to prevent them have been effectively improved.

  Punch hard, plug loopholes, and prevent.

  On the road of building a new pattern of "anti-fraud for all police and anti-fraud for all", the public security organs will continue to strengthen targeted publicity and prevention, strengthen targeted publicity for vulnerable groups, industries with high incidence of cases and key areas, and continue to carry out the "five-entry" campaign , resolutely fight the battle of early warning and prevention, and strive to create a safe and stable political and social environment for the successful convening of the Party's 20th National Congress.