China News Service, February 25th. The website of the Ministry of Education released the "Double Reduction" card on the 25th, responding to questions such as what is "Double Reduction", what are the achievements of "Double Reduction", and how to do it in 2022.

What is a "double minus"?

  In July 2021, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on Further Reducing the Burden of Homework and Off-campus Training for Students in Compulsory Education", proposing that "double reduction" means reducing the burden of homework and off-campus training for students in compulsory education. Burden, the party group of the Ministry of Education regards it as the "No. 1 project".

Why "double subtract"?

  It is related to the fundamental task of Lide Shuren.

The heavy academic burden of students is a chronic malady, and the students are miserable.

  It concerns the foundation of the national education system.

The brutal growth of the training industry has formed another education system with serious utilitarian tendencies, disrupting the normal education and teaching order in schools, and having a strong impact on the school education system.

  It is related to the well-off life of the people.

Training institutions hype and exaggerate anxiety, coerce the passive participation of the whole society, and charge high fees, which seriously reduces the people's sense of educational gain, happiness, and security.

What work has "Double Reduction" carried out?

  Set up a special department.

In June 2021, the Ministry of Education established the "Off-campus Education and Training Supervision Department".

  form a special mechanism.

Leading the establishment of the Central Propaganda Department, the Cyberspace Administration of China, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the Health and Health Commission, the Ministry of Emergency Response, the People's Bank of China, the State Administration for Market Regulation, Radio and Television A special coordination mechanism for the "double reduction" work composed of 19 departments including the State Administration, the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission, and the China Securities Regulatory Commission.

  Improve the policy system.

More than 30 supporting documents have been quickly and intensively issued individually or jointly with multiple departments, and a "1+N" policy system has been established.

  Positive guidance.

Coordinate the positive guidance of the central media, release consumption tips, create a good atmosphere, and reduce parents' anxiety.

  Investigate and punish violations.

Establish an inspection system, investigate and deal with invisible mutation training behaviors in accordance with the law through open and unannounced visits, and carry out special rectification of non-disciplinary charges during winter vacation.

  safeguard the interests of the masses.

Reduce training prices, supervise pre-charges, crack down on malicious price increases, standardize the training market order, and prevent the spread of social anxiety.

  Promote quality improvement within the school.

Strengthen the "three improvements" (improving the level of homework management, improving the level of after-school services, and improving the quality of classroom teaching) to meet learning needs.

What are the results of the "double reduction"?

  The false fire in the training market has been greatly cooled, advertising has basically disappeared, capital has been withdrawn substantially, and the phenomenon of savage growth has been effectively curbed.

The original 124,000 offline off-campus training institutions have been reduced to 9,728, with a reduction rate of 92%; the original 263 online off-campus training institutions have been reduced to 34, with a reduction rate of 87%; The completion rate of “revision review” has reached 100%; the pre-charge supervision has basically achieved full coverage, with a total supervision of more than 13 billion yuan; all provinces have issued government-guided price standards, and the average fee has dropped by more than 40% compared with before the introduction; after-school services are generally implemented in schools” 5+2” full coverage; a third-party survey shows that 85% of parents are satisfied with the school’s after-school services, 72% of parents report that their anxiety about education has eased, and more than 90% of students say that their academic burden has eased.

What to do in 2022?

  The first is to strictly investigate invisible mutations and consolidate the results of governance.

Improve the normalization mechanism for illegal training inspections, severely crack down on violations such as “offline to online”, “crowdfunding private education”, “one-to-one”, and “discipline training in the name of non-discipline”, and strictly control discipline training at the non-compulsory education stage , to prevent a new training fever.

  The second is to strengthen the supervision of non-disciplinary training and make up for weaknesses in governance.

Strengthen the co-governance of education and industry authorities, clearly set standards, strengthen price management, and maintain student health and safety.

  The third is to improve the work promotion mechanism and strengthen supervision and inspection.

Build an off-campus training law enforcement system, promote the informatization of supervision, and continue to regard "double reduction" as the "No. 1 project" for education supervision.

  The fourth is to adhere to both the symptoms and root causes and reconstruct the education system.

The fundamental purpose of deeply understanding the "double reduction" is to force schools to accelerate the realization of high-quality balance, improve the quality of classroom teaching, reform examination evaluation, realize the overall reform of basic education and teaching, and promote the overall and healthy growth of students.

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