What are the types of headache?
And what could he do?
And what are its causes?
What is the most dangerous kind?
And what is an Omicron headache?
What is the headache of Corona?
What are the natural remedies for headaches?
The answers and more are in this comprehensive report.
What is a headache?
A headache is pain in any part of the head, including the scalp, upper neck, face and inside the head.
Headaches are one of the most common reasons for seeing a doctor, and they affect the ability to work and carry out daily tasks, according to the MSDmanuals.
Types and location of headache
According to Dr. Mukhtar Fatih Bey Deli, a pediatrician at the Medical Park Hospital of Izmir University of Economics, there are more than 150 different types of headaches, in a statement to Anadolu Agency.
These are the main types of headaches and the place in which they appear:
A headache that occurs in some people with the Omicron strain of corona.
Dr. Olga Golubinskaya, a neurologist, says that having an Omicron mutator leads to headaches due to high blood pressure.
In an interview with Radio "Sputnik", reported by Russia Today, the specialist indicated that headache is one of the common symptoms when infected with the Omicron mutant.
This headache appears as a "pressure" on the head, different from a migraine.
"This headache differs from a migraine in that it presses on the entire head, not on one side," she says.
And she adds, "Headache can appear, not only when infected with the Omicron mutant, but also with any other version of the emerging coronavirus. Because the virus partially penetrates through the blood-brain barrier, and there it can cause swelling that leads to a headache due to high blood pressure."
She points out that the treatment of this headache should be prescribed by a doctor.
But some actions can be taken by yourself.
She says, "When feeling a headache, simple rules must be followed: calm down, do not go anywhere, if it is difficult to raise the head. It is also necessary to drink a lot of water and take analgesic medicine and vitamin C. It is also possible to put a cold compress on the head. ".
This type of headache is characterized by its continuation from a few hours to a few days, and usually occurs once or more per month, and is in the form of pulsating pain, concentrated on one side of the head, that intensifies during physical activity, sometimes accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, noise, or Odors, feeling dizzy, and blurred vision, according to Dr. Mokhtar Fateh Bey Daily.
It is associated with one or more of the signs and symptoms that appear around the eye area, such as tearing, red eyes, and symptoms in the nasal area such as congestion and discharge, and it occurs several times a day.
Cluster headaches are headaches that occur in periodic patterns or cluster periods, and are one of the most painful types of headaches.
Cluster headaches usually wake you up in the middle of the night with severe pain in or around one eye on one side of your head, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Common signs and symptoms associated with a headache include severe pain that is generally present in, behind or around one eye and may spread to other areas of your face, head and neck, pain on one side, restlessness, increased tearing, and redness of the eye on the affected side.
It occurs as a result of excessive intake of certain medications, which leads to daily headaches, and therefore it is recommended to stay away from taking medications in excessive amounts.
Headache due to fatigue and tired eyes
Eyes fatigue and stress may cause pain in the face and forehead as a result of an optical defect in the vision process or as a result of reading for long periods in front of a computer screen and television.
The bad psychological state is one of the most important causes of psychological headaches, which causes the person to feel that there is something pressing around the head with a feeling of mild or moderate pain encircling the head.
Headache due to high blood pressure
This headache affects people who have chronic high blood pressure problems, and one of the most important symptoms of severe high blood pressure is pain around the head that is severe in the morning, but it eases with the passage of daylight hours, and its treatment is to control high blood pressure and return it to its normal level.
This condition is the most common type of headache, and is often caused by stress, dehydration, eye strain or even hunger, according to a report on Russia Today, citing the Express website.
Tension headaches can usually be effectively treated with ibuprofen or paracetamol.
However, if you constantly suffer from tension headaches, it may be a good idea to see your doctor or eye specialist to find out what's causing the headache.
A sinus headache can be caused by a cold, the flu, or an allergy attack, and this headache is a dull pain that strikes the front of the face at the level of the sinuses.
Paracetamol, ibuprofen, antihistamines and decongestants can help relieve sinus headaches, as can steam inhalation.
Fluctuations in hormone levels due to menstruation or perimenopause can cause headaches.
This condition is described as a migraine-like feeling.
By tracking their menstrual cycle, a woman can see if hormones are having an effect on headaches.
A doctor may be able to suggest hormonal treatments such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for postmenopausal women.
A thunderclap headache is described as a horrible pain like hitting the face.
It tends to peak within 60 seconds and may be accompanied by nausea, loss of consciousness and vomiting.
This headache can also be a sign of a brain aneurysm, stroke, or bleeding in the brain: it is a medical emergency.
If you are in severe pain from a thunderclap headache, call 911 immediately and call for an ambulance.
Giant cell arteritis headache
These severe headaches are often accompanied by jaw pain, scalp pain, and vision problems.
Giant cell arteritis headaches are a medical emergency that requires immediate medical attention because, if left untreated, they can lead to permanent vision loss.
alarm clock headache
Alarm clock headaches, also known as sleep headaches, are associated with sleep disturbances.
This type of headache is also more common in people over the age of 50, and tends to appear in the early hours of dawn, between one and three in the morning.
A doctor may be consulted about possible underlying causes of this condition, which can include sleep apnea.
It occurs in a fasting person, and constitutes a primary symptom for a number of fasting people, especially in the first period of Ramadan, according to consultant Dr. Muayyad Qassem Khaled, from Hamad Medical Corporation in Qatar.
An eye headache is a headache that comes in the area behind the eye.
Its causes include migraines, cluster headaches, sinus headaches, and eye strain, according to WebMD.
A headache that occurs in some patients with corona.
According to a study published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE, the incidence of headache was 13% in a group of 24,410 individuals who were infected with the Corona virus.
Headaches can also be a symptom of corona in people with migraines.
In these cases, headaches were reported before the most common symptoms of corona such as fever and cough appeared.
According to a report in Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, there are 4 characteristics of corona headache, which are:
1- A headache of moderate to severe intensity.
2- It causes a feeling of pulse or a feeling of pressure in the head.
3- It occurs on both sides of the head.
4- It may get worse when bending over.
Corona’s headache may come in the form of pressure around the head, which is believed to be due to the “cytokine storm” that accompanies Corona infection and leads to inflammation and pain.
Causes of headache
Headaches fall into two main categories, says Dr. Basem Othman, Professor of Clinical Neuroscience and Clinical Neurology at Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar and Consultant at Hamad Medical Corporation.
It is caused by: high blood pressure, eye disease, otitis media or sinusitis, toothache, fever, colds, flu, and abnormal blood sugar levels.
It is what affects a person independently without being related to another disease, and it may occur or exacerbate for psychological or emotional reasons, or because of stress, or a defect in the functions of some parts of the body, or a change in lifestyle.
Migraine is one of the main types of headaches
The doctor said that in the case of migraine headaches, which are one of the main types of headaches, a person must avoid consuming soft drinks, processed meat, pickles, monosodium glutamate, spices and chocolate, all of which exacerbate headache pain.
Pain relievers, such as paracetamol, can be taken, but you should avoid taking painkillers on a regular basis, and it is preferable to deal with the cause of the headache.
headache and phone
Dr. Othman warned against exaggerating the use of mobile phones, especially when browsing the Internet and messaging, as some research has shown that this may cause eyestrain, which switch repeatedly between focusing on the mobile phone screen and focusing in the surrounding environment.
The most dangerous type of headache
Some headaches are a sign of a more serious problem and need medical attention right away, according to the MedlinePlus database of the US National Library of Medicine.
These are some of the causes of serious headaches that need immediate emergency review:
Stroke, in which blood flow to part of the brain stops.
An abnormal connection between the arteries and veins in the brain, which usually forms before birth.
This problem is called an arteriovenous malformation, or AVM.
Weakness of the blood vessel wall that can open and bleed into the brain.
This is known as a brain aneurysm.
Bleeding around the brain.
This could be a subarachnoid hemorrhage, a subdural hematoma, or an epidural hematoma.
Acute hydrocephalus, which results from interruption of the flow of cerebrospinal fluid.
Accumulation of pressure inside the skull that appears to be a tumor but is not (pseudotumor cerebri).
An infection of the brain or tissues surrounding the brain as well as a brain abscess.
A swollen, inflamed artery that supplies blood to part of the head, temple, and neck area (temporal arteritis).
Signs that a headache is serious and requires emergency review:
This is the first severe headache you have in your life and it interferes with your daily activities.
loss of sight
You get a headache right after you engage in activities such as weightlifting, exercise, jogging or sex.
Your headache comes on suddenly and is explosive or violent.
Your headache is "the worst ever," even if you get headaches regularly.
You also have difficulty speaking, change in vision, problems moving your arms or legs, loss of balance, confusion, or memory loss along with your headache.
Your headache gets worse over 24 hours.
You also have a fever, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting with your headache.
Your headache occurs with a head injury.
Your headache is severe and in one eye, with redness in that eye.
You're just starting to get headaches, especially if you're over 50.
You have a headache with vision problems and pain while chewing or losing weight.
You have a history of cancer and new headaches.
Your immune system is weakened by a disease (such as HIV infection) or by medications (such as chemotherapy drugs, steroids).
A headache wakes you up, or a headache makes it difficult to fall asleep.
The headache lasts more than a few days.
The headache is worse in the morning.
You have a history of headaches but they have changed in pattern or severity.
You have frequent headaches and there is no known cause.
Eye headache treatment
Over-the-counter pain relievers can relieve occasional headaches.
It may also help treat migraines if you take it early enough.
Doctors often recommend acetaminophen (Tylenol) or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen (Aleve).
But remember that eating them too much can lead to headaches from overuse, according to WebMed.
If you have frequent tension headaches, your doctor may prescribe medication.
Antidepressants such as amitriptyline (Elavil) help many people.
Sometimes, prescription medications (which require a doctor's prescription) are the only things that relieve migraine pain.
Home remedies for eye headache
Caffeine or ice packs may help relieve migraine pain.
For tension headaches, try using a warm pillow or a warm shower, or rest until the headaches clear up.
It can also help find better ways to deal with stress.
Learn relaxation techniques such as yoga or deep breathing.
Try not to miss meals or get tired too much.
If you have a sinus infection, inhale warm, moist air from a vaporizer or bowl of boiling water to relieve congestion.
Warm compresses can also help.
If your eyes are often strained, take a break and close your eyes more often.
Causes of a fasting headache
According to consultant Dr. Muayyad Qassem Khaled, the causes of headaches for a fasting person during Ramadan include the following:
Rapid change in eating habits and reduction in fluid consumption.
Low fluid consumption leads to muscle aches, fatigue and tiredness, which increases the risk of headaches and headaches.
Not having the morning cup of coffee or breakfast for some may contribute to an increase in pain.
Disturbance in sleeping and doing Suhoor and then returning to sleep contributes to headaches, especially in the first days of fasting.
The doctor explained that with fasting, the headache intensity will subside over time, adding that the headache problem can be alleviated through the following:
Consuming a large amount of fluid, i.e. up to 3 liters of fluid distributed over periods from Iftar to Suhoor.
Moderation in sleeping hours.
Moderation in the amount of food consumed from Iftar to Suhoor.
Natural remedies for headaches
The following are natural remedies to relieve headache symptoms, according to Dr. Mokhtar Fateh Bey Daily:
Avoid dehydration: Dehydrating substances such as excessive consumption of coffee, sugary drinks and alcohol can cause a fatal headache, so nutritious fruits and vegetables should be added to the diet.
Fruits: especially bananas, as fruits such as apples, avocados and fresh pineapple contain a high percentage of water, knowing that dehydration is one of the main causes of headaches, and eating bananas to combat headaches is the most common and easiest solution due to its richness in potassium and magnesium, which is one of the most successful headache treatments.
Cereals and toast: Uneven blood sugar levels are thought to be linked to headaches, and good, slow-digesting carbohydrates can help keep it balanced in the human body.
Fatty fish: such as salmon, mackerel or trout and tuna, at least once a week due to the presence of "omega-3" fatty acids, as regular consumption of these foods prevents the appearance of migraines.
Leafy green vegetables: especially spinach, which is a rich source of magnesium, which is effective in treating migraine headaches.
Baked potatoes: One of the best foods to relieve headaches is rich in potassium, as it is one of the simple ways to help relieve headache symptoms.
- الأعشاب: خاصة اليانسون والأقحوان والزنجبيل، وهي الأعشاب المخففة للتوتر والأرق، كما يمكن شرب خليط النعناع المجفف مع العسل والماء المغلي.
- المكسرات والبذور والخضروات الطازجة: خاصة اللوز والكاجو وبذور السمسم الغنية بفيتامين "إي" (E) والمساعد في تحقيق التوازن في مستويات هرمون الأستروجين، وكذلك الأرز البني والفاصوليا السوداء والخضروات التي تحتوي على نسبة عالية من المغنيسيوم، وتساعد في استرخاء الأوعية الدموية وتحمي الإنسان من الصداع النصفي.
- البروكلي: مصدر من المصادر منخفضة الحساسية وغني جدا بالمغنيسيوم.
- الحليب قليل الدسم: يعتبر من أفضل الأطعمة التي تساعد على تقليل الصداع، خاصة إذا كان سبب الصداع هو الجفاف.
- القهوة: شرط أن تكون بكميات صغيرة، إذ إن القهوة توفر راحة فورية من آلام الخفقان والصداع.
- عصير العنب: أثبتت الدراسات أن هناك فوائد عديدة لعصير العنب، من بينها التخلص من آلام الصداع، ويجب أن يكون العصير طبيعيا وطازجا.
أطعمة تسبب الصداع
Dr. Mokhtar Fateh B Daily recommended staying away from foods that may cause headaches, such as:
Processed meat such as sausage
Salty, pickled and fermented foods.