The GDP data of 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in 2021 have been released one after another——


  Local GDP "annual reports" new ideas

  Recently, the GDP data of 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in 2021 have been released successively, and the expected economic growth targets for 2022 have been successively released.

  Looking at the total volume, many provinces have achieved leapfrog breakthroughs in the past year, and more provinces have maintained steady economic growth step by step.

  Looking at the growth rate, all provinces have generally achieved recovery growth in 2021, especially the economic growth rate of Hubei Province and Hainan Province.

  Looking at the cities, the total GDP of Beijing and Shanghai has both exceeded 4 trillion yuan, and Dongguan has become the 24th city in the country with a total GDP exceeding one trillion yuan, and it is also the fourth member of Guangdong's "trillion club".

  The total GDP of many places has reached a new level

  ——Guangdong’s GDP exceeds 12 trillion yuan, and Hubei’s economic growth rate ranks first in the country

  In 2021, the total GDP of many provinces will reach a new level.

  Guangdong is a veritable province with a large GDP.

In 2021, the total GDP of Guangdong Province will reach 12.44 trillion yuan, becoming the first and only province in the country with a GDP of 12 trillion yuan, ranking first in the country for 33 consecutive years.

In 2021, Jiangsu Province will achieve a total GDP of 11.64 trillion yuan; Shandong Province will achieve 8.31 trillion yuan; Zhejiang Province will achieve a total GDP of 7.35 trillion yuan; and Henan Province’s total GDP will reach 5.89 trillion yuan.

If calculated by the average exchange rate last year, the GDP of Guangdong and Jiangsu provinces has exceeded the economic aggregate of South Korea.

  The total volume has reached a new level, and the economic growth rate has also maintained a recovering high growth rate.

  In 2021, Hubei Province will rank first in the country with a double-digit growth rate of 12.9%, and Hainan Province will achieve a high growth rate of 11.2%, followed by Shanxi, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Beijing, Shandong, Anhui, Chongqing and Sichuan. Wait.

  "2021 is a year of steady economic recovery in various regions. The frontrunners are still the provinces in the first echelon, showing a development trend of catching up with others and seeking progress while maintaining stability." Deputy Minister of Economic Research Department of China Center for International Economic Exchanges Liu Xiangdong told this reporter that the transcripts of various provinces in 2021 will show some new features-

  Hubei Province's economic aggregate exceeded 5 trillion yuan.

Liu Xiangdong analyzed that compared with the rest of the country, Hubei Province has experienced a more significant recovery. The economic growth rate is as high as 12.9%. On the one hand, it is affected by the low base effect of negative 5% in 2020. strong support.

  Hainan Province has an outstanding growth rate.

In 2021, the construction dividend of Hainan Free Trade Port will be initially released, and the growth rate of Hainan's GDP, fixed asset investment, and total retail sales of social consumer goods will all rank among the top in the country.

Liu Zigeng, director of the Hainan Provincial Bureau of Statistics, said that in 2021, the growth rate of major indicators in Hainan Province will be faster than that of the previous year, and the growth rate of major economic indicators will historically rank among the forefront of the country, fully demonstrating that the construction of the free trade port is a belt for economic and social development. strong momentum.

  A new breakthrough was made in per capita GDP growth.

In 2021, the national per capita GDP will exceed 80,000 yuan, equivalent to 12,500 US dollars.

Looking at different places, the per capita GDP of Beijing, Shanghai and Jiangsu exceeded 20,000 US dollars, of which Beijing and Shanghai were about 28,500 US dollars and 27,000 US dollars respectively, and the threshold of 30,000 US dollars was getting closer and closer.

  "Trillion Club" expands again

  ——The GDP of Beijing and Shanghai both exceeded 4 trillion yuan, and Dongguan became the 24th city with a GDP exceeding 1 trillion yuan

  After reading the provincial transcripts, look at the cities - in 2022, the "trillion club" cities will continue to expand.

  On January 24, the Dongguan Municipal Bureau of Statistics announced the economic operation of Dongguan in 2021: the GDP of Dongguan in 2021 will be 1,085.535 billion yuan, an increase of 8.2% year-on-year, and an average growth of 4.6% in the two years.

So far, Dongguan has become the 24th city with a GDP exceeding one trillion yuan in China and the fourth city in Guangdong Province with a GDP exceeding one trillion yuan.

  Under the background that the Pearl River Delta already has two trillion-dollar GDP cities, Shenzhen and Guangzhou, why does Dongguan stand out?

Liu Xiangdong analyzed that this is mainly due to the clear division of labor in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.

Dongguan bears the radiating and driving role of Shenzhen and other cities, forming a strong industrial cluster in electronic information, electrical machinery, furniture and clothing, food and beverage, etc., and forming a good complementary support with other cities in the Greater Bay Area, attracting more The accumulation of capital, talents, technology and other elements of resources makes it a global production workshop and manufacturing base, and it is at the forefront of the country in opening up to the outside world.

  The number of "trillion club" cities is growing, and the economic aggregate of the top cities has also reached a new level.

  In 2021, the total GDP of Beijing and Shanghai will cross the threshold of 4 trillion yuan, reaching 4,026.96 billion yuan and 4,321.485 billion yuan respectively.

In terms of growth rate, the actual growth rate of Shanghai's GDP is slightly lower than that of Beijing.

Shenzhen has become the third city in China with a GDP exceeding 3 trillion yuan.

Guangzhou and Chongqing followed with 2,823.197 billion yuan and 2,789.402 billion yuan. The gap between the two has widened from less than 1.7 billion yuan in 2020 to 33.795 billion yuan. The four first-tier cities of "Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen" are more stable.

  The competition for "new members" is fierce.

The actual growth rate of Wuhan, Hefei, and Fuzhou ranks among the top in the country, reaching 12.2%, 9.2%, and 9% respectively, which is higher than the national average of 8.1%.

The gap between Hefei and Jinan is further narrowed.

  Many cities have listed the GDP exceeding one trillion yuan as their economic development goals.

The two cities of Changzhou and Xuzhou in Jiangsu have seen significant growth. In 2021, their GDP will reach 880.758 billion yuan and 811.744 billion yuan respectively, becoming the "reserve army" of the next batch of trillion-dollar cities.

Liu Xiangdong analyzed: "During the 14th Five-Year Plan period, cities such as Yantai, Changzhou, Xuzhou, Tangshan, Dalian, Wenzhou, Kunming, Xiamen, etc. proposed that their total GDP will exceed one trillion yuan in the next few years. Judging from the current development situation, to achieve this The goal is not easy, and these cities need to continue to work hard before they are expected to enter the 'trillion club' as soon as possible."

  All over the place to charge sprint 2022

  ——The central part is catching up, and industrial upgrading and consumption recovery are the highlights

  Looking forward to 2022, except for Tianjin, all 30 provinces have put forward the expected economic growth target for 2022 in the government work report. Hainan's target of about 9% ranks first, and Tibet is about 8%.

  Industrial upgrading and consumption recovery are the highlights of steady growth in various regions.

  Looking back at the 2021 report card, most of the provinces with a rise in GDP quantity and quality show the characteristics of strong emerging momentum, a large proportion of advanced manufacturing, and high-tech industries have increased driving force.

In the new year, all localities will also place more emphasis on industrial upgrading and high-quality development, and will list new energy, digital economy, intelligent manufacturing, and the development of specialized and new "little giants" as development priorities.

  Local governments also made it clear that they will continue to promote consumption recovery.

Since the end of last year, more than 30 cities including Chongqing, Chengdu, Hefei, Zhengzhou and Nanjing have successively launched consumer coupons.

These consumer coupons are mainly concentrated in the fields of catering, shopping, tourism and sports, in order to promote the consumption of "two festivals".

Liu Xiangdong believes that the recovery of consumption still faces many challenges, but it is always an important way to stabilize growth in various regions.

He suggested that all localities should continue to promote urban renewal and the construction of consumption-oriented cities, speed up the smooth domestic economic cycle, and actively improve the stability of economic growth.

  It is worth noting that the growth targets established by the six central provinces in 2022 are relatively high.

Among them, Hunan and Shanxi are set at 6.5%, and Henan, Anhui, Jiangxi and Hubei are set at 7%.

  In 2021, the total GDP of the six central provinces will reach 25013.25 billion yuan, accounting for more than 20% of the national economic aggregate, and the proportion will gradually expand.

Among them, the total GDP of Henan in 2021 will reach 5.89 trillion yuan, making it the largest economic province in central China.

Hubei's total GDP also exceeded 5 trillion yuan for the first time, Hunan Province's was 4.6 trillion yuan, and Anhui's GDP also crossed the 4 trillion yuan threshold last year.

Shanxi and Jiangxi also have good growth momentum.

  Regarding the trend of catching up and overtaking in the central region and the future development prospects of the central region, Chen Yao, vice president of the China Association of Regional Economics, analyzed: "In 2021, the central government issued a special opinion on promoting the high-quality development of the central region, pointing out the development of the central region. Direction. To build an important advanced manufacturing center in the country, the advantages of the central region in energy and manufacturing will continue to be exerted. In particular, the country attaches great importance to the development of the real economy, and the central region will play an important role as the center of advanced manufacturing. The national manufacturing industry will be further concentrated in the central region, and its advantages in equipment manufacturing will be more prominent."

  "In 2022, my country is facing the triple pressure of demand contraction, supply shock, and weakening expectations. All localities pay more attention to the guidance of expectations. Many provinces have actively lowered their economic growth targets, but they are still maintained at a medium-to-high-speed level of more than 5%. You are chasing me. The good competitive situation continues." Liu Xiangdong believes that this year's regional economic development momentum is generally optimistic.

  Reporter: Xu Peiyu

Keywords: