(经济观察)5个万亿级城市连片 大湾区“万亿经济圈”成型

  中新社北京1月29日电 题:5个万亿级城市连片 大湾区“万亿经济圈”成型

  中新社记者 庞无忌

  2021年,东莞GDP突破万亿元(人民币,下同)。它与GDP突破3万亿元的深圳、2.8万亿元的广州、超2万亿元的香港和1.2万亿元的佛山共同组成一个“万亿经济圈”。

  如此,粤港澳大湾区有了5个万亿级GDP城市,而且它们“肩并肩”地连成了一片,即便在万亿城市更多的长三角区域也无法看到这样的景象。粤港澳大湾区的人口、面积规模及经济增速,均已超过包括东京湾、纽约湾和旧金山湾在内的世界其他三大湾区。粤港澳大湾区有什么特别之处?未来的经济活力从哪来?

  两大龙头融合发展

  整个粤港澳大湾区之中,深圳和香港占据非常独特的位置,是两大超级核心。2020年,深港两个城市的经济总量合计就已突破5万亿元,占整个大湾区的45%。

  中国发展研究基金会副秘书长俞建拖表示,在世界经济版图上可能很难找到两个全球都会性的城市,像香港和深圳这样,距离如此之近。香港到深圳驾车距离仅逾50公里。

  他认为,深圳和香港组成两位一体的超级核心,具有强大的经济动能,可以给整个粤港澳大湾区的发展提供巨大的“核动力”。通过深港的优势结合,未来粤港澳大湾区也有望成为中国内外双循环构建的一个战略性的关键节点。

  普华永道亚太及中国主席赵柏基也表示,粤港澳大湾区在金融服务和科技创新等领域具有领先的行业优势。深港双城融合发展有利于发挥“强强联合”作用,推动两地在人才、技术、资本等层面的双向流动,在重要的科技产业领域携手合作、优势互补,这样的融合发展必将为大湾区带来核心增长动力。

  双核、多核的特殊城市群

  In fact, many of the world's well-known urban agglomerations and metropolitan areas are characterized by single-core drives.

Yu Jiantuo pointed out that, for example, the New York metropolitan area, the Greater Paris metropolitan area, the London metropolitan area, etc., the effect of single-core driving is more obvious.

However, China is a special country. Regardless of population size, geographical and spatial diversity, etc., the agglomeration of Chinese urban agglomerations has different characteristics from other economies.

  For example, in the Yangtze River Delta, in addition to the super core of Shanghai, there are also central cities such as Hangzhou, Nanjing, and Suzhou rising.

The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is even more so.

The GDPs of Shenzhen, Hong Kong, and Guangzhou are basically equivalent on an economic scale. On this basis, there are also trillion-level cities such as Foshan and Dongguan.

This does not violate economic laws. On the contrary, because of this dual-core or even multi-core drive, it will bring greater impetus to the regional economy and is expected to form a city cluster with higher global competitiveness.

  Zhang Lijun, managing partner of PwC China's regional economy and southern markets, also told the China News Agency that the great feature of the Greater Bay Area is differentiation.

Shenzhen's new generation of information technology innovation, Guangzhou's automobile culture and new retail, Hong Kong's international finance, trade, medical care, Dongguan, Foshan's manufacturing, Macao, Zhuhai's international leisure, cultural, tourism and exhibition centers, etc. These advantages and industries are Those that can be differentiated and complementary can also incubate some new business models for future development.

  Jin Jun, a partner at PwC China Strategy&, also believes that the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is a great innate advantage in terms of its diversified mechanisms and systems.

Under this mechanism, innovation can be encouraged more.

  Highly integrated

  Yu Jiantuo revealed that in his investigation of 12 urban agglomerations in China, he found that although the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration does not account for the highest proportion of the total economic volume, its comprehensive integration level is the benchmark for all urban agglomerations.

For example, the integration and co-urbanization of Guangzhou and Foshan have reached a very high level.

Moreover, if the Pearl River Delta is enlarged to the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, the integration level of the entire Greater Bay Area will be improved.

  Accompanying this high level of integration is a narrowing of regional development gaps.

In the pattern of "9+2" cities in the Greater Bay Area, the gap within the region is relatively small.

By attracting people from all over the country to work in this urban agglomeration, it can also narrow the development gap between major regions in the country, optimize the allocation of regional resources, and promote common prosperity.

  Of course, the future development of the Greater Bay Area will also face some bottlenecks.

Taking the core city of Shenzhen as an example, the official recently issued the "Opinions on Several Special Measures for Relaxing Market Access in Shenzhen's Construction of a Pilot Demonstration Zone of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics" to increase policy support for Shenzhen.

  张立钧认为,这些特别措施将推动深圳与大湾区其他城市的融合发展和国际化,其中,包括推动区域交通一体化以及金融的继续开放等,为今后的创新和高质量发展创造条件。(完)

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