【环球时报记者 黄培昭 任重】“欢迎来到令人困惑的新中东”。1月17日，伊朗外交部发言人哈提卜扎德在例行新闻发布会上表示，伊朗准备重新开放其驻沙特的大使馆，这一决定取决于沙特方面采取的具体措施。在伊朗与逊尼派穆斯林关系缓和的同时，阿拉伯国家和以色列的关系也在大踏步前进。去年12月12日，以色列总理贝内特访问阿联酋，这是以色列总理第一次踏上海湾国家的土地。美国《新闻周刊》称，中东目前正在发生让人摸不着头脑的“怪事”：外交正在整个地区“开花”。那些通常相互挖墙脚的领导人，正在探讨是否可以作出有利于各自国家的更具建设性的安排。
Even Syrian President Bashar al-Assad is starting to be pulled back into the Middle East.
"Newsweek" said that Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Oman and Iraq have recently strengthened their engagement with Syria.
In October 2021, Assad received the first call from Jordan's King Abdullah II since the civil war broke out in Syria in 2011, joining Abdullah II as the first to call for Assad to step down. A far cry from the days of Arab leaders.
Just days before the call, Jordan announced the reopening of the Jaber-Nassib border crossing with Syria, aimed at facilitating trade exchanges.
May be an important period of development opportunities
May be an important period of development opportunities
In addition to Arab countries, Iran, and Israel, there is another important country in the Middle East, and that is Turkey.
Turkey, which has always been tabooed and guarded by Arab countries, will also undergo important changes in its foreign policy in 2021, extending an "olive branch" to Arab countries and improving relations with Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and other countries.
At the same time, Turkey's relations with Iran and Israel have also eased.
According to Newsweek, on November 24, 2021, Crown Prince Mohammed of Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, went to Turkey to sign a series of economic and financial agreements with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
That signing ceremony was notable because the two countries have been at odds on a variety of issues since the "Arab Spring" protests erupted.
Before the latest meeting, the UAE crown prince of Abu Dhabi had not set foot in Turkey in nearly a decade, arguing that Erdogan's support for groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood posed an existential threat to the pervasive family regime in the Gulf.
On December 7, 2021, Erdogan visited Qatar and held talks with the Emir of Qatar.
The two sides signed 15 agreements pledging to promote economic ties and financial cooperation.
File photo: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Al Jazeera said a subtle and ambiguous shift is taking place in the Middle East, with countries exploring the possibility of new regional partnerships as they face the fact that the world-dominant superpower appears to have lost its way after the U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan. Lose the aura.
The U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan is a turning point for the Middle East devastated by 20 years of war, and the situation in the region has been reshuffled, although traditional U.S. partners are still involved.
The report said that the tendency of Middle Eastern countries to solve problems by seeking to establish economic ties with each other rather than relying on military force may lead some countries to see China as a new security partner to replace what they see as "unreliable". The United States,” such as Iran’s talks with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, and the UAE’s attempts to reconcile with Turkey and Qatar.
While U.S. diplomats say they encourage this "dispute resolution" model, the momentum behind these efforts is beyond Washington's control.
It can be said that with the gradual reduction of the haze of proxy wars, the Middle East has ushered in a very important period of development opportunities.
"The clock of China's diplomacy points to the Middle East", the UAE's "Event" TV said that the Gulf countries are firm supporters and important participants of China's "Belt and Road" cooperation initiative. , have common interests and value orientations, especially the Gulf countries, regardless of the pressure of the United States, insist on "looking east" and develop strategic relations with China, which shows the political vision of these countries.
Wang Jin, an associate professor at Northwestern University's Middle East Institute, told the South China Morning Post that the Gulf Arab countries' development plans can be boiled down to "changing energy reliance and increasing economic diversification".
This requires international support on the one hand, and industrial and technical support on the other.
Turkey and Iran are facing similar economic pressures.
Tuvia Green, a researcher at Israel's Jerusalem Institute for Strategy and Security, said that these Middle Eastern countries are willing to institutionalize cooperation with China, indicating that China's cooperation with the Middle East will be long-term.
He also said that China is a means for the Middle East to attract the attention of the United States. "Middle Eastern countries are tired of great power competition, and they want this competition to have a positive impact."
US signals 'not interested'
US signals 'not interested'
The diplomatic interactions of Middle Eastern countries are dizzying, but they are linked by a common theme: After two decades of intensive U.S. intervention in the region's internal affairs, the Middle East is no longer the first place in U.S. global strategy. one's.
The US "Newsweek" commented that it is no coincidence that Saudi Arabia and the UAE used to be accustomed to the unconditional support of the United States, and now they are the main driving force behind many current regional diplomatic activities.
As the Biden administration pledges more resources and attention to the Indo-Pacific, U.S. partners in the Middle East have also been spurred to make their own arrangements.
Frankly, America's military withdrawal from the Middle East is exactly what the region wants.
The Middle East is less strategically important to U.S. national security and economic prosperity than it was during the Cold War.
U.S. policymakers are beginning to see the results of reducing military presence in the Middle East, and Middle Eastern governments are increasingly interested in peacefully resolving disputes.
The UAE's "National News" said that perhaps the most important practitioner of the new political pattern in the Middle East is the UAE.
Recognizing that there are no military solutions to the many conflicts sparked by regional rivals such as Turkey, Israel and Iran, the UAE has embarked on a series of diplomatic action.
Not only has the UAE engaged in a remarkable breakthrough diplomacy with the three non-Arab countries in the region - Israel, Turkey and Iran - but also engaged in constructive dialogue with Syria.
These moves come against a backdrop of unpredictable and potentially unreliable U.S. foreign policy, in part the past 20 years in which U.S. presidential power has continued to fluctuate across parties (from Bush, Obama, Trump to Biden) alternate product.
This unpredictability has been exacerbated by disruptive partisan politics, "partisanism" that has become a feature of today's U.S. domestic and foreign policy.
The United States has kept its allies in constant trouble as Washington has made many mistakes in the Middle East, including the collapse of Iraq and Libya, the arrogance of hardliners in Iran and Israel, and the spread of extremism.
As a result, these allies are left to fend for themselves, trying to clean up or deal with the mess that the U.S. helped create.
In an interview with the Global Times reporter, Jabala, a member of the Egyptian Foreign Affairs Commission and a well-known columnist in the Al-Ayramid newspaper, said that the withdrawal of the US troops was a manifestation of the complete failure of its Afghanistan strategy. After the mission and no use value, the United States wanted to put it in a bottle, but it couldn't.
In Jabala's view, this is the most worthy of reflection by the United States, and it is also a wake-up call for Middle Eastern countries.
He said that interfering in other countries' internal affairs, interfering in regional affairs, and intervening in international disputes is an inferior and habitual practice of the United States. Now many countries in the Middle East have clearly seen this point. This is also why countries have adjusted their policies, eased tension, and turned More important reasons to embrace other great powers.
However, the American "Philadelphia Inquirer" reminded that Sunni Arab countries are betting on both sides, and "the hope of peace in the Middle East may be exaggerated."
Iran's continued march toward the threshold of its ability to build a nuclear bomb could spark new regional conflicts, while the unresolved Palestinian-Israeli conflict could still erupt.
The website of the Center for American Progress stated that the era of direct military intervention by the United States in the Middle East is over, but the new order is not yet clear, and the region itself is facing enormous economic and social pressures exacerbated by the new crown epidemic.
The "Washington Post" said that the Gulf countries have decided to independently seek ways to avoid conflict.
With the US signaling that it is not interested in the Middle East, the willingness of Arab countries to take "pre-emptive" action has grown rapidly.
Riyad Khawaji, founder of the United Arab Emirates Institute for Military Analysis of the Near East and the Gulf, said, "Every Arab country is trying to adopt policies that will ensure its own interests, and they are no longer tying their ships to the American ropes. "Keywords: