China News Service, Beijing, January 19 (Reporter Kan Feng) The young are raised and the old are supported. "One old and one young" has always been a matter of livelihood for thousands of households, and it also involves fertility, education, medical care, etc. Reform in many fields is difficult.

Recently, the provincial and local NPC and CPP meetings held intensively in various places have listed "one old and one small" as the focus of the annual livelihood security, making up for shortcomings, increasing supply, and providing excellent services, and promoting the tackling of key areas of childcare, education, and elderly care.

The opening ceremony of the sixth session of the 13th National People's Congress of Zhejiang Province.

Photo by Zhang Bin

"Three children" still have worries?

Support kindergartens to admit children aged 2 to 3 to create a parenting friendly environment

  According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics on the 17th, the number of births in China in 2021 will decrease compared with the previous year, and the birth rate will also decline.

  Since the central government proposed to implement the comprehensive three-child policy last year, how to solve the worries about childbirth, parenting, and education brought about by the adjustment of the policy has become the focus of public attention.

  In the provincial government labor reports released by various places recently, almost all places have made the implementation of the three-child birth policy and supporting measures one of the key tasks in 2022.

  For example, in terms of the implementation of the three-child birth policy, Anhui registered 469 new child care service institutions for infants under the age of 3 last year, adding 36,000 nurseries.

The province plans to build, renovate and expand 300 public kindergartens this year to support the development of inclusive private kindergartens.

  Hebei's government work report mentioned that it will implement the three-child birth policy and supporting measures. This year, non-invasive prenatal genetic screening of pregnant women will be carried out for free, and 160 provincial-level infant care service demonstration institutions will be established.

Zhejiang proposes to create a child-rearing friendly environment, completely cancel social maintenance fees, improve maternity insurance policies, optimize the maternity leave system, and vigorously develop inclusive childcare services.

  Beijing mentioned that it will actively develop inclusive childcare services this year, and introduce policies to support kindergartens to recruit children aged 2 to 3.

It is worth mentioning that in Beijing's plan report, it is also mentioned that incentive measures such as the issuance of maternity allowances will be studied and formulated. In addition, 50 model nursery institutions will be established and 30 mother-infant-friendly hospitals will be built.

Data map: Parents waiting for students outside a primary school in Wuhan.

China News Agency issued Zhang Chang photo

How to reduce the "double reduction" in place?

Improve the quality of classroom teaching and promote the quality and balance of educational resources

  Since last year, "double reduction" has been a hot word affecting hundreds of millions of Chinese children and parents. At this year's provincial and local two sessions, "double reduction" has been listed as a policy priority this year by many provinces.

  Zhejiang's government work report mentioned that last year, the province implemented the "double reduction" policy, and all compulsory education schools carried out after-school services. This year, the province will strengthen the high-quality and balanced supply of basic education resources and consolidate and expand the "double reduction" results.

Chongqing's government work report requires that this year, it will consolidate and expand the achievements of "double reduction" of compulsory education, and create districts and counties with high-quality and balanced development of national compulsory education.

  Beijing revealed in the plan report that it will add 20,000 primary and secondary school degrees in 2022, continue to implement the action plan to expand the source of primary and secondary school teachers, improve the quality of classroom teaching, promote the high-quality and distinctive development of after-school services, and consolidate and deepen the "double reduction". Work.

  "Double reduction" is not only a hot word in the reports of the provincial two sessions, but also a hot topic of discussion among local representatives.

  Mao Weimin, member of the Zhejiang Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and deputy director of the Hangzhou Education Bureau, said that the "double reduction" is also to achieve "double increase", to increase the happiness brought by education in the process of children's growth, and to increase other resources in the school and society to improve the training mechanism. .

  Chen Dongyong, a member of the Sichuan Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and the principal of Chengdu Tianfu Middle School, suggested that schools should work hard on the comprehensiveness, creativity and practicality of homework design, so that homework no longer only focuses on exercises and training, but points to students' comprehensive personality shaping and creativity. developing.

Data map: Seniors exercise in the community.

How to deal with the "silver hair wave"?

Renovation of Public Facilities for Aging and Implementing Long-term Care Insurance

  In addition to children, the topic of pension is another focus of the topic of people's livelihood.

According to the latest data released by the National Bureau of Statistics recently, the population of the country aged 60 and above exceeds 267 million, of which the population aged 65 and above also exceeds 200 million.

In recent years, as the elderly groups such as "living alone", "empty nest" and "disability" have been focused by public opinion, how to deal with the "silver hair wave" has become a huge issue that all regions have to face.

  At this year's provincial and local two sessions, many provinces listed commitments on pensions as practical things to do in 2022.

  In response to an aging population, Chongqing proposes to establish a basic elderly care service list system this year, carry out a pilot home care bed care service for the elderly, and achieve full coverage of home-based elderly care services in urban and rural communities.

Sichuan proposed to carry out special actions for inclusive elderly care and inclusive childcare, and promote the transformation of public infrastructure for aging and miniaturization.

Hebei proposes to increase the basic pension for retirees and complete the aging-appropriate renovation of 30,000 elderly families with special difficulties.

  In Beijing, the number of elderly people in the city will reach 5 million by 2025, and Beijing will enter a period of moderate population aging.

  This year, Beijing's government work report mentioned the establishment of an operation mechanism for community pension service consortia to improve the service quality of community pension stations.

Encourage market-oriented professional institutions to participate in providing elderly care services such as meal assistance, develop mutual assistance models such as time banks, comprehensively implement long-term care insurance, and improve the care system for the disabled and demented elderly, so that the elderly can enjoy a happy old age.