[Commentary] In the great struggle of comprehensively and strictly governing the party in the new era, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core has continuously deepened its understanding of the situation and tasks of comprehensively and strictly governing the party, and has continuously deepened its understanding of the laws of anti-corruption and adhered to systematic Treating both the symptoms and the root causes is an integrated approach to promote daring not to be corrupt, not to be corrupt, and not to want to be corrupt, and to lead the comprehensive and strict governance of the party to continue to advance in depth.

  [Subtitle: The Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection on January 22, 2021]

  [Soundtrack] Xi Jinping: Persevere in the main tone of strictness for a long time, use the concept of systematic treatment and cure both symptoms and root causes to fight corruption, constantly enhance the party's self-purification, self-improvement, self-innovation, and self-improvement capabilities, and jump out of the rise and fall of chaos The historical cycle rate of China will lead and ensure the steady and long-term development of the majestic ship of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

  [Commentary] Promoting daring not to be corrupt, not being able to be corrupt, and not wanting to be corrupt is not only the basic policy of the fight against corruption, but also an important strategy for comprehensively and strictly governing the party in the new era.

Systematic treatment and treatment of both the symptoms and root causes are an organic whole that is inherently unified, emphasizing the integration of punishment and deterrence, institutional constraints, and awareness-raising. Consciousness of mind, cultivate a culture of integrity, build and improve a long-term mechanism, and improve the efficiency of corruption control.

  [Commentary] The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission resolutely implement the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee, summarize common problems from the cases of centrally managed cadres investigated and dealt with, analyze the underlying causes, find problems and weak links in institutional mechanisms and supervision and management, and promote the results of punishment Transform into root cure achievements.

Since 2020, the special rectification of coal-related corruption in Inner Mongolia, which has attracted high public attention, is a typical example of corruption governance in the resource sector.

  Liu Xiaobin (Deputy Director of the 15th Examination and Investigation Office of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission): Since 2018, with the approval of the Party Central Committee, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission has successively filed a case review and investigation on five central management cadres in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Corruption problems are all linked to coal.

Through these cases, some deep-seated problems in the coal field of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region have also been exposed.

  [Commentary] Bai Xiangqun, former secretary of the Wuhai Municipal Party Committee, member of the Party Leadership Group and Vice Chairman of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Government, was examined and investigated in April 2018 and sentenced to 16 years in prison in 2019.

As many as 20 of the 37 bosses who paid bribes to Bai Xiangqun were involved in coal.

  Bai Xiangqun (former member of the party group and vice chairman of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Government): In a resource-rich area like Inner Mongolia, there are indeed many temptations for entrepreneurs to bribe you or give you things.

  [Commentary] Yun Guangzhong, who served as the mayor and secretary of the Municipal Party Committee of Ordos City, a member of the Standing Committee of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Party Committee, and Secretary of the Hohhot Municipal Party Committee, was reviewed and investigated in June 2019; in 2020, he was sentenced to 14 years in prison.

Among the nearly 100 million yuan of property he received from bribery, he received more than 37 million yuan from a coal-related enterprise.

  Yun Guangzhong (former member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, former secretary of the Hohhot Municipal Committee): In recent years, many cadres in Ordos have been sacked. As the local "top leader", I have an unshirkable responsibility, and then I am sacked again. This lesson is particularly profound.

  [Commentary] Citizen Yun, former deputy secretary and general manager of the Party Group of China Huadian Group Co., Ltd., and former vice chairman of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, was reviewed and investigated in October 2019; in 2021, the court will hear the first instance openly, and the verdict will be announced at a selected date.

Of the more than 400 million bribes determined by the court, the vast majority were related to Inner Mongolia.

  Citizen Yun (former Deputy Party Secretary and General Manager of China Huadian Corporation): I used my power to condone them. My son and girl are in the coal business, which is obviously my personal connections.

  [Commentary] Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is the hometown of the world's largest open-pit coal mine, with wide distribution, large reserves and easy development.

From 2002 to 2012, it was the "golden decade" for the rapid development of my country's coal industry, and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region also ushered in a decade of rapid economic rise.

But at the same time, driven by huge profits, coal-related corruption has also intensified.

  Liu Xiaobin (Deputy Director of the 15th Examination and Investigation Office of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission): Some leading cadres of approval departments also use their powers to set foot in the coal field and occupy coal resources. Some leading cadres went into battle naked and directly used their power to obtain coal fields; some leading cadres participated in it through secret shares or cadres, and obtained huge profits.

  [Commentary] Bai Xiangqun, Yun Guangzhong, and Yun Citizen have all served as "leaders" in coal-rich coalition cities, and one of the most important powers is the right to allocate resources.

For the owners of coal enterprises, whether it is to purchase coal mines, replace coal fields, or promote coal conversion projects, government approval is required.

  Bai Xiangqun (former member of the party group and vice-chairman of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Government): The biggest temptation is to have the final say. You criticize this and that for the boss. You cannot resist this temptation, and the final result is Qincheng.

  Yun Guangzhong (former member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, former secretary of the Hohhot Municipal Party Committee): Not only the leader himself, but the entire group of relatives and friends of the leader, he will hunt you.

The result is that my generation, including my next generation, has not grasped the economic development process.

  [Commentary] Hengtai Coal Co., Ltd. is a private enterprise in Ordos City. In 2010, the company applied to Ordos City for a mine field with larger reserves and better coal quality.

In order to gain the support of Yun Guangzhong, the then mayor of Ordos, the company boss got to know Yun Guangzhong's son and wife through a relationship. After coming to the door, Yun Guangzhong's wife gave him a hint.

  Hao Shenhai (businessman involved): Go to their house. His wife said that there is a large high-voltage iron tower in the yard of the house. She said that this is very bad for people, and it is not good for sleep, so she gave me a hint, but it was difficult. , do not want to live here.

After she said that, I knew what she meant, and when I came back, I raised cash and sent it directly to his house.

  [Commentary] When Hao Shenhai came to the door again, he dragged over 2 million yuan in cash with a suitcase.

Since then, he has repeatedly sent money and gifts to Yun Guangzhong's wife and son, with a total amount of nearly 3 million yuan.

Correspondingly, Hengtai Company successfully replaced a high-quality well field.

  Sun Ying (staff member of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission): Yun Guangzhong presided over the executive meeting of the Ordos Municipal Government, and directly gave the replacement of coal resources for Hengtai Company. This is the most standard power-money transaction. My father was at the front desk, and they were collecting money backstage.

  [Commentary] Many relatives and children of leading cadres are involved in the coal field, which is one of the prominent phenomena in coal-related corruption cases.

Yun Guangzhong's son Yun Lei and Yun Citizen's son Yun Kaichen once partnered in a coal "business", which was essentially a huge bribe from their father in exchange for his power.

  Yun Kaichen (son of Citizen Yun): In order to please my father or to convey benefits, let us buy at a low price and sell at a high price in the form of coal.

  Yun Lei (the son of Yunguang): In fact, a large coal company like them is very familiar with my father at first, including Kevin's father. They are actually very familiar with each other.

If you don't have this resource, you can't connect. Why do they give you the wholesale price?

  [Commentary] A private coal company in Inner Mongolia "wholesale" coal to Yunlei and Yunkaichen at a low price, and then they sell it at a high price. The buyer is actually contacted by this company, and the whole process is handled by one hand.

The so-called company opened by Yun Lei and Yun Kaichen actually has no personnel, no equipment, no funds, and no actual business activities. All you need to do is sign a contract and go through the formalities, and you can get the so-called price difference for coal dumping without any effort. Sit down and collect money.

  Yun Lei (the son of Yunguang): I want to make this thing smarter, try to see that it is not directly related to my father, and I must do it.

  [Commentary] Leading cadres open the door for enterprises in coal resource allocation, project approval, etc., and enterprises open the door for the relatives and children of relevant leading cadres to make profits. On the surface, it seems to be legal and compliant, but in fact, the exchange of interests is carried out through this "Two Doors" is done in the dark.

This company has delivered tens of millions of yuan to Yunlei in this way for many years.

Yunguang Zhong used its authority to give full support in the process of approval and promotion of multiple projects such as coal-to-liquid conversion and fire-fighting coal.

  Yun Guangzhong (former member of the Standing Committee of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Party Committee, former secretary of the Hohhot Municipal Committee): I am still willing to be hunted.

In fact, in the process of project approval, legal procedures are often used to seek personal interests, or legal disguise and packaging are used to grab personal interests.

  [Commentary] In the approval process of coal resource allocation, corruption breeds among some officials who hold relevant power.

The collusion between officials and businessmen has disrupted the normal market and regulatory order, resulting in disordered mining, illegal mining, extensive mining, over-exploitation and other chaos.

  Citizens of Wuhai City: What kind of life did the people in that place live?

They dare not open the doors and windows, sweep the floor every day, and the ground floor is dark.

Indiscriminate mining, coal bosses made money, ordinary people suffered, and the country was damaged.

  [Commentary] The problem of corruption in the coal field has also spread to other fields such as transportation, land, and real estate. After some coal bosses made a fortune, they then participated in road construction, land speculation, and real estate speculation, and power and money transactions were also brought into it.

Yun Kaichen, the son of Citizen Yun, has been involved in real estate and road construction in Inner Mongolia. On the one hand, Citizen Yun greeted local officials to help his son acquire land, and on the other hand instructed the coal company under Huadian Group to buy housing in his son's company, allowing his son to quickly accumulate a huge amount of money. wealth.

  Yun Kaichen (son of Citizen Yun): Actually, I have never done a business, and I don't know anything at all. Many officials in Ordos are my father's old subordinates, so it is very convenient. We will give us the green light for land development or something. , did a lot of illegal things.

  Citizen Yun (former deputy secretary and general manager of China Huadian Group Corporation): There are many people I know in Inner Mongolia, so I can help him.

He needs me to say hello to him and clear up the relationship, and I will help him talk.

  [Commentary] Yun Citizens also directly used the power of the leaders of central enterprises to make profits for the family.

For example, the Ulanqab City Coal Transportation Highway Project, which Yun Kaichen nominally cooperated with another company to build, was actually only through the power of his father, obtained a loan of 300 million yuan from a trust company affiliated to Huadian Group, and got half of the project. profit.

  Qiu Yongsheng (businessman involved): I was in charge of the construction. He loaned the 300 million yuan back, and finally I built the road here. He hired someone to manage the finances, and he took away the more than 100 million yuan.

  [Commentary] Several cases reflect that coal-related corruption in Inner Mongolia is not just a case, but has caused serious and systematic damage to the coal industry, and even the entire economic, social and political ecology.

Approved by the CPC Central Committee, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission issued a disciplinary inspection and supervision proposal, pointing out that the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region has four outstanding problems in the field of coal resources, namely illegal acquisition and reselling of coal resources, illegal allocation of coal resources, and coal-related corruption. Serious pollution of the local political ecology, the spread of problems in the field of coal resources, requires the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to carry out in-depth special rectification.

  Liu Qifan (then member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Secretary of the Disciplinary Committee and Director of the Supervisory Committee): The problems in the field of coal resources are fundamentally a problem in the development concept. Our development is up, but it brings ecological damage, The destruction of the order, the destruction of the rules, these problems are all big pits one by one.

Today, the development of Inner Mongolia is constantly paying for the past and paying the price for the pits dug in the past.

If we don't carry out back investigations and root out the roots, we can't eradicate this cancer that is destroying the political ecology of Inner Mongolia.

  [Commentary] In February 2020, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region launched a special rectification to conduct a full-element inventory of all aspects of planning, investment review, resource allocation, and environmental review of all coal mines in the region since 2000, to find out the bottom line of violations and laws.

At the same time, it has comprehensively checked all the incumbent and retired public officials of party and government organs, institutions, and state-owned enterprises at all levels in the region since 2000, and organized more than 1.39 million party members, cadres and public officials to declare and participate in coal enterprise investment and shareholding, and then use big data Comparing, discovering and investigating and punishing those who made false and concealed reports.

The inventory found that most of the regions with coal, the departments responsible for coal management, the enterprises involved in coal, and the projects involved in coal blending had violations or even illegal problems.

  Liu Zhanbo (member of the Inner Mongolia Special Rectification Supervision and Responsibility Office): Coal-related corruption breeds and spreads in Inner Mongolia, and the formed interest groups are intertwined, resulting in a huge coal-related interest chain, relationship network, and co-corruption group in the autonomous region.

The government and businessmen have colluded and formed a partnership, and they have either overtly or covertly interfered in politics and economic and social development. Coal-related corruption is not just a simple economic problem, but a very serious political problem.

  [Commentary] During the "Two Sessions" in 2021, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized when participating in the deliberation of the Inner Mongolia delegation that it is always necessary to use the country's resources to engage in bribery and power-money transactions.

As of October 2021, a total of 736 coal-related corruption cases have been investigated and dealt with 1,023 people, including 69 at the bureau level and 243 at the county and division level, 571 coal-related economic cases have been investigated and 839 criminal suspects have been arrested, and the economy has been recovered. The loss of 52.388 billion yuan, with unprecedented strength, declared a zero-tolerance attitude towards corruption.

  Bai Xiangqun (former member of the party group and vice chairman of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Government): I would like to say a few words from my heart. I used to be outside and I couldn't sleep, especially under the pressure of anti-corruption. If you want to sleep well, you will have a safe and secure tomorrow and The day after tomorrow, hurry up and surrender to the case. If you haven’t done it, don’t do it again. Tell the organization if you have done it.

  [Commentary] While forming shock and deterrence, it is necessary to strengthen the restriction and supervision of power through system construction.

Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region deeply analyzed the loopholes in the mechanism and system, cleaned up and abolished 863 old coal-related policies and regulations, and formulated 121 new policies and regulations.

For example, in response to major risk points such as resource allocation, a new version of the "Opinions on the Full Implementation of Market-Based Transfer of Coal Resources" was revised and promulgated to highlight the decisive role of the market in resource allocation.

Another example is the newly formulated "Regulations on Regulating the Spouse, Children and Spouse of Leading Cadres' Participation in the Development of Mineral Resources (Trial)", which specifies that leading cadres above the sub-department level (including sub-department level), and the spouses, Children and their spouses are prohibited from participating in the development of mineral resources.

  Liu Zhanbo (member of the Inner Mongolia Special Rectification Supervision and Responsibility Office): Our cadres are easily linked to coal resources.

Once he violates discipline or commits a crime, he is a petty official with huge corruption that you can't imagine.

Our system has limited it to cadres above the sub-department level, which is also in line with the characteristics of our Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

  [Commentary] On April 25, 2021, a special teleconference was held in Inner Mongolia, and a warning educational film analyzing corruption in the coal sector was transmitted to dozens of sub-venues through signals. Many leading cadres from Qixian counties (urban areas) attended the meeting at the same time, reminding leading cadres at all levels to learn from it.

  Liu Qifan (then a member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, secretary of the Disciplinary Committee and Director of the Supervisory Committee): Through investigating cases, he realized that he did not dare to be corrupt; through standardizing the system, he realized that he could not be corrupt;

After we govern, let it enter into a new norm. I think the real "Golden Decade" in Inner Mongolia should start from the "14th Five-Year Plan" and only after governance.

  [Commentary] Disrupting chaos in one place and one region demonstrates the effect of strengthening "no corruption" through institutional governance and supervision and restraint.

It is necessary to link upright conduct, discipline and anti-corruption with deepening reforms, improving systems, and promoting governance.

  Li Xianfeng (cadre of the Research Office of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission): We do not dare to be corrupt, we cannot be corrupt, and we do not want to be corrupt. The key is to tighten the cage of the system. Over the years, we have promoted the integration of the "three nos", and we have taken the case as a mirror. Promoting reforms and governance with cases, promoting the establishment of rules and regulations, and the implementation of rectification, effectively improving the overall efficiency of corruption governance.

  [Commentary] Finance is the lifeblood of the national economy and is related to the national economy and people's livelihood as well as various fields of economic and social development.

Corruption in the financial sector is often intertwined with various market risks, which not only affects the functioning of financial functions, but also leads to systemic risks.

In recent years, financial anti-corruption has continued to intensify. Lai Xiaomin, Hu Huaibang, Sun Deshun and a group of corrupt people who violated the central financial work guidelines and policies and abandoned the bottom line of financial risks have been severely investigated and dealt with, effectively cutting off regulators, financial institution practitioners and bad business owners. The interlinked interest chain provides a strong guarantee for preventing and defusing risks and maintaining national security.

  Sun Deshun (former Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee and President of China CITIC Bank Co., Ltd.): Some things are too inappropriate, really inappropriate.

  [Commentary] Sun Deshun, former Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee and President of China CITIC Bank Co., Ltd.

In March 2020, the State Supervision Commission of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection announced that Sun Deshun is a typical example of a particularly serious corruption problem in the financial sector, a particularly bad nature, and a particularly large amount.

  Fan Xiangpeng (a staff member of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission): First of all, he seriously violated political discipline. As the head of an important state-owned commercial bank, he should have assumed political missions and social responsibilities, but he ignored the major decisions and deployments of the central government. Afterwards, light pursues his so-called performance and honors the interests of some bosses.

  [Commentary] In recent years, the central government has repeatedly emphasized that finance should return to the origin of serving the real economy, increase support for manufacturing, and prevent excessive concentration of credit funds in real estate, but Sun Deshun went against it.

  Fan Xiangpeng (a staff member of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission): He is concerned about making money quickly and getting results quickly.

He tends to lend to real estate, and when he presided over the president's office meeting, he openly and bluntly demanded that the whole bank must immediately stop the manufacturing loan for me, even if you have 100% mortgage, that is not acceptable.

  Liu Cheng (Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of China CITIC Bank): During this period, the loan structure of China CITIC Bank has changed. On the one hand, the growth rate of real estate loans has reached more than 40%, and the manufacturing loans have been reduced by more than 30%. So the influence of him is still very obvious.

  [Commentary] The problem of China CITIC Bank's excessive proportion of loans to the real estate industry brought long-term risks gradually emerged.

In February 2020, the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission issued a huge administrative penalty fine of 22 million yuan to China CITIC Bank, and 13 of the 19 penalties involved real estate business.

  Fan Xiangpeng (staff member of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission): This reflects a problem of political performance, pursuing immediate interests and local interests. The annual report is very good-looking, but it will cause great hidden dangers later.

  [Commentary] In addition to pursuing political achievements, there is another hidden reason why Sun Deshun increased real estate loans, which is to seek personal interests.

The investigation found that some real estate company bosses had close relations with him, and there was an exchange of interests.

For example, an owner of a real estate company once sent 10 million yuan to a company actually controlled by Sun Deshun in the name of investment, and the return was that he obtained more than 4 billion yuan in loan credit through Sun Deshun.

  Fan Xiangpeng (a staff member of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission): One of his characteristics is that he does not accept cash. He thinks that it is too low-end and too simple and rude.

His method of realizing his interests is very professional, and he has done layers of cover up, that is, he has set up a lot of firewalls, circled around a lot, and used unique financial means and products to cover up.

  Sun Deshun (Former Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee and President of China CITIC Bank Co., Ltd.): Judging from the laws that he violated, he is still greedy, and he is very remorseful. No matter how much remorse, there is no medicine for regret.

  [Commentary] Sun Deshun has worked in the banking industry for more than 40 years. He is the only cadre in China's financial industry who started as a cashier at the lowest level in a bank branch and gradually grew into the president of the head office of a state-owned bank.

He considers himself to be highly skilled in business, and tries to conceal power-for-money transactions through elaborate designs.

  Sun Deshun (former Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee and President of China CITIC Bank Co., Ltd.): Because I grew up from the grassroots level and have relatively strong business ability, I always feel that my business ability is lying there, which creates a kind of luck.

  [Commentary] The investigation found that Sun Deshun is a typical example of using "shadow companies" to complete the transfer of benefits by means of financial means, and its degree of specialization and complexity is quite rare.

He arranged for two old subordinates to act as agents and opened two investment platform companies. The so-called legal persons at the front desk of the two companies were actually just "shadows" for Sun Deshun.

  Nuan (the person in charge of the platform company controlled by Sun Deshun): I am a voice at the front desk, and there is only one person behind me, and that is Sun Deshun.

The salaries of our main management personnel and the company's core business decisions are actually decided by him. He also decides the details of how to allocate the corresponding shares.

  [Commentary] On the one hand, Sun Deshun used public power in China CITIC Bank to approve loans for corporate bosses; correspondingly, some of these bosses injected huge sums of money into platform companies he actually controlled in the name of investment, while others sent high-quality investments. Projects or investment opportunities; platform companies use the funds provided by these bosses to invest in projects provided by those bosses, make money with money, and share profits and dividends with the bosses to form a community of interests.

  [Commentary] Sun Deshun designed many bunkers with extremely complex structures. The two platform companies are his core management team and the first layer of "shadow" in front of him; under the platform companies, more than ten more The project company acts as the second layer of "shadow", and the project company and the bribery company are not in direct transactions. Instead, both parties have established shell companies as the third layer of "shadow", and multiple layers of shadow companies are nested layer by layer.

The main body of the transaction itself is already full of ghosts, and the capital transactions are disguised as various seemingly legitimate financial products and equity investment agreements, and the use of "shadow transactions" for the transfer of benefits has cast a layer of fog.

  These deceptions brought great difficulties to the investigation work. After research, the task force decided not to spin in the shadows, but to start from the source, sort out the loans and credits promoted by Sun Deshun in China CITIC Bank, and find obvious abnormal decisions. matters, and then specifically investigate the relationship between the enterprise that obtained the loan and Sun Deshun.

This investigative strategy has pinpointed the core of Sun Deshun's corruption problem, which is the use of credit approval power for personal gain.

  Fan Xiangpeng (a staff member of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission): At the end of 2014, there was an energy company that applied for a loan from China CITIC Bank, because this energy company had already experienced a debt crisis and was a high-debt company, and generally would not grant loans. loan.

However, under the intervention of Sun Deshun, the 4 billion loans were issued to enterprises, which soon became non-performing assets.

In order to express his gratitude to Sun Deshun, the actual controller of this company signed a capital increase agreement with the platform company controlled by Sun Deshun, thus completing the transfer of benefits.

  [Commentary] The energy company, through the so-called equity investment agreement, made the company controlled by Sun Deshun actually make 100 million yuan.

There are many other power and money transactions like this. There are various packaging methods for companies to deliver benefits to Sun Deshun, but the things in exchange are the same, that is, bank loans.

After grasping this core, the heavy phantoms quickly dissipated, and the actual controller was clearly displayed.

  Sun Deshun (Former Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee and President of China CITIC Bank Co., Ltd.): In the process of interacting with some entrepreneurs, I always think about seeking some benefits for myself or my stakeholders.

  [Commentary] The Sun Deshun case highlights the importance of controlling the key power of credit approval.

Bank loan approval is generally carried out by loan customers who submit application materials and submit them for approval step by step according to the procedures. However, Sun Deshun often directly connects with the enterprise, and then assigns it to his subordinates to operate illegally by inverting the procedure.

According to the system design of China CITIC Bank, the president has only one veto power over credit approval and no approval power; approval must be approved by a collective vote at the credit approval meeting, and the main leader must speak last.

But in fact, Sun Deshun often ignored these systems and directly intervened in credit approval. The bank's internal control mechanism lost its effect in the face of the power of the "top leader".

  Fan Xiangpeng (a staff member of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission): He has been promoted from vice president to president, and he has always held this power and also serves as the director of the loan review committee.

As the director of the loan review committee, you should be the last to speak, that is, if you can't come up, you can set the tone.

But when he heard that others had different opinions, he couldn't bear it any longer. When he came up, he directly said, "Why can't you, you said no, why can't you?", and others didn't dare to say it.

The bank originally had a set of relatively strict credit management and risk management procedures. After such human intervention, these procedures were penetrated.

  [Commentary] In response to the problems exposed by the Sun Deshun case, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the National Supervisory Commission pushed China CITIC Bank to systematically carry out reforms through cases, first of all to correct the corporate governance structure, strengthen the responsibilities of the board of directors, the board of supervisors, and the senior management, and determine They restrict and supervise each other, and at the same time promote the reform of the credit system, risk management system and approval system, strengthen the accountability mechanism, improve the corporate governance system, and improve governance capabilities.

  Liu Cheng (Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of China CITIC Bank): The first is to prohibit the president from serving as the director of the loan review committee to prevent the president from directly intervening in credit projects.

The next step is to improve the credit management system. For the investigation and approval of credit grants, all the way to the management after credit granting, corresponding management methods are formulated, and the reform of the approver system is introduced. From the past administrative approval management system, it is changed to an expert-type credit granting system. Approval system, so that the entire credit management can be improved.

  [Commentary] The Sun Deshun case also reflects that the reasons for the lack of supervision in the financial sector include both the imperfect internal regulatory system and the inadequacy of industry supervision.

  Mao Fengjun (Deputy Director of the Office of the Party Committee of the General Office of the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission): Reflecting on our financial supervision work through the case, one is that there are still soft problems in the performance of duties; The lack of system has led to some financial risks and financial chaos.

  [Commentary] In order to further strengthen industry supervision, in accordance with the State Council's institutional reform plan passed at the first meeting of the 13th National People's Congress in March 2018, the banking and insurance industries will be regulated together, and the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission will be established. Establish and improve the supervision linkage mechanism and improve the modern financial supervision system.

  [Commentary] The reason why some financial units have problems and breed corruption is that the party's awareness is not strong and the party's leadership is weakened. At the same time, the discipline inspection department is difficult to perform its duties and has a serious lack of supervision. .

To deepen systematic governance and promote both symptoms and root causes, the most fundamental thing is to strengthen the party's leadership and party building, and ensure that the decision-making and deployment of the CPC Central Committee on financial work will be effective.

  Liu Cheng (Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of China CITIC Bank): To implement the requirements of the central government, especially a series of requirements for strengthening party building and strengthening party leadership, and strengthening the leadership role of the party committee. In each link, consciously benchmark against the table, and act in accordance with the central decision-making and deployment.

  [Commentary] In response to the lack of supervision and ineffective supervision, in the new round of institutional reform, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the National Supervision Commission directly dispatched disciplinary inspection and supervision teams to 18 centrally regulated financial institutions, including CITIC Group.

The effect of this reform is immediate. From 2019 to December 2021 alone, the discipline inspection and supervision team stationed in financial units has filed a case for review and investigation of 81 people in charge of the party committee management cadres stationed in the unit.

  Zhao Baoguo (Deputy Director of the General Office of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission): In the past, there was an internal Disciplinary Commission, and more of it was led by the party group and party committee of the enterprise.

The internal Disciplinary Commission was replaced by a Disciplinary Inspection and Supervision Team, and the leadership relationship has changed. It is directly led by the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission. In addition, it has the power to supervise. Therefore, the method of supervision and discipline enforcement has undergone great changes, which determines the positive attitude. The efforts to eradicate discipline and anti-corruption have been greatly increased than before.

  [Commentary] The essence of corruption is the abuse of power. Power must be locked in the cage of the system, and power must be established, regulated, restricted, and monitored in accordance with discipline and law.

With the deepening of the reform of the discipline inspection and supervision system, the supervision system of the party and the state has been continuously improved, and the full coverage of intra-party supervision has been achieved.

  [Commentary] The cases investigated and dealt with since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China show that party members and leading cadres, especially the "top leaders", violate discipline and law, and are most likely to have chain reactions, and even lead to regional, systemic, and collapsed corruption, causing serious damage to the political ecology of one party. destroy.

Strengthening the supervision of the "top leaders" is of extreme importance and practical urgency.

  Yang Hongwei (former secretary of the Qianjiang District Party Committee, Chongqing): My main mentality is that, after all, I was the secretary of the District Party Committee and the boss in Qianjiang, and I hope that those desires and thoughts will be satisfied to a certain extent.

  [Commentary] Yang Hongwei, former secretary of the Qianjiang District Committee of Chongqing City, former deputy secretary and deputy director of the Chongqing Municipal Market Supervision and Administration Bureau.

In 2019, when investigating another case, the Chongqing Municipal Discipline Inspection and Supervision Organ found a clue that Yang Hongwei was suspected of taking bribes in the engineering field when he was the "leader" in Qianjiang, and felt the need to conduct a preliminary inspection on him.

The inspection team went to Qianjiang to learn about the situation, and soon felt that the cadres and the masses generally had a bad reputation when talking about Yang Hongwei.

  Zhang Wenlong (staff member of the Chongqing Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection and Supervision): During the external inspection, I heard the word "ball secretary" mentioned by cadres and the masses.

A common saying among local cadres in Qianjiang is not to go to Yang Hongwei after 4 pm, because you can't get him to sign, he is not there, he is playing basketball.

  【解说词】杨宏伟经常在工作时间去打篮球,还有一帮区委办公室、区政府办公室的工作人员陪打,他也清楚这并不合适,因此场地选在一家单位的内部球场,外人进不去。但其实这在黔江的干部中间早已是公开的秘密。

  殷明(黔江区卫健委副主任):他爱打篮球,身边基本上都是篮球运动员,在工作调动安排上对这些人就高看一眼。

  高长冰(黔江区城投集团董事长):他招了一批打篮球的人在办公室,他圈子内的人他就用,不管他有没有能力。

  【解说词】干部群众反映的不仅是违反工作纪律问题,更是用人导向问题,核查组经调查发现反映属实,一些常陪杨宏伟打球的干部,还有他的一些同学、亲戚、关系户,在他授意下得到破格提拔、安置。

  章文龙(重庆市纪委监委工作人员):当地还流传一句话,工作干不干得好不重要,与杨宏伟的关系好不好才重要。

  【解说词】有关杨宏伟在工程领域受贿的线索,核查组在黔江也得到了进一步证实,并获取了更多问题线索。2019年5月,重庆市纪委监委对杨宏伟正式立案审查调查。经查,杨宏伟利用职权,为多名商人老板在工程领域提供帮助,收受贿赂达3400多万元,党的十八大之后仍然不收敛不收手。

  杨宏伟(重庆市黔江区委原书记):我有这种意识和想法,它总有结束的时候,躲过了就是万幸。

  【解说词】杨宏伟的腐败行为,主要就集中在任黔江区“一把手”期间。他有一套自己总结的“官场价值论”,认为厅局级干部受到的监督较少,权力大、风险小,性价比最高。

  杨宏伟(重庆市黔江区委原书记):当一个厅官性价比比较高,没有哪个来关注你,就不会这样那样你。

  【解说词】将公职岗位用性价比来衡量,心里装的自然不是用权为民,而是以权谋私。从黔江区高点放眼望去,目之所及的许多项目,包括旧城改造、机动车交易中心、农副产品交易中心、蔬菜批发市场等等工程背后,都有杨宏伟的权钱交易。工程体量1.5亿的电解铝加工厂项目,杨宏伟帮承包商拿工程开出的条件是,利润他要占55%,事成后,承包商按约定送给杨宏伟1000多万元。

  蒲恒(涉案商人):开始跟我说50%,后来说不行,要55%。他说要那么多,我只能说同意。

  【解说词】在一栋看似普通的写字楼里,藏着一处豪华私人会所,餐厅、茶室、棋牌室、KTV一应俱全,还有高级厨师负责餐食制作。杨宏伟和他身边的老板圈子,经常到这里吃饭、喝酒、打麻将。牌打得挺大,输赢少则几千多则上万,老板们也很识相,和杨宏伟打只输不赢。这样的牌场杨宏伟打得自然心情舒畅,乐此不疲,让有的老板也觉得招架不住。

  蒲恒(涉案商人):陪他打麻将就不存在输赢的问题,主要是陪着累。他每次打麻将都打到很晚,一般都是下班以后打到凌晨两三点,一二点结束都算早的,主要是他打的频率高、时间长,人受不了。

  【解说词】对老板们来说,只要和杨宏伟搞好了关系能拿到工程,出钱受累也就值得。而对杨宏伟来说,工程项目既有利可图,还能充当政绩,自然热衷于上马各种项目。

  杨宏伟(重庆市黔江区委原书记):黔江一年有五六十个项目,我当书记,五分之一、四分之一拿给他们做是可以的。只要经济发展起来了,可以一俊遮百丑。

  【解说词】为了多上项目,杨宏伟甚至不顾黔江实际情况大肆举债。到他离任时,黔江区综合负债率超出预警红线。为了不影响自己政绩,他还指示区财政局数据造假,瞒报、少报债务。现在回头看,他主导的有些项目缺乏论证就盲目上马,至今陷入困境甚至烂尾,给黔江造成了大量遗留问题。

  高长冰(黔江区城投集团董事长):他对黔江债务的增加有不可推卸的责任,对全区人民来说是一个非常沉重的包袱。PVC项目配套设施投资了几十个亿,只有水泥厂在运行,就相当于丢在水里了,泡都没冒一个。

  【解说词】黔江区市政建设、招商引资,主要通过两家国有企业:城投集团和鸿业公司来运作。杨宏伟跨区域调来一名老部下,又从本地提拔了一名老同学,分别担任这两家国企的董事长,都是他圈子里的“自己人”,违规违纪的指令在这两家国企也就畅行无阻。这两名干部现在也都因腐败问题被查处。

  高长冰(黔江区城投集团董事长):城投集团、鸿业集团两个董事长都进了监狱,都是他提拔的,把城投集团搞得一团糟。现在我们城投集团135个遗留问题,就是因为当时整个政治生态出了问题,选人用人机制出了问题。

  【解说词】杨宏伟离任之后,黔江区陆续被查处的干部数量惊人,尤其是工程建设领域成为腐败问题的重灾区。

  章文龙(重庆市纪委监委工作人员):有79名区管处级干部被查处,其中有17名涉及到工程建设领域的腐败问题,大多发生在杨宏伟主政黔江期间。区委书记都这样,谁来管我啊!

  【解说词】针对杨宏伟严重违纪违法案暴露的问题,重庆市纪委监委向黔江区委发出“以案促改”工作建议,要求从推进党的政治建设、破除选人用人歪风邪气、治理工程建设领域腐败、整治“四风”突出问题、树立良好道德风尚等方面深入剖析根源,在全区开展“以案四说、以案四改”。“以案四说”是以案说纪、说法、说德、说责,通过深入开展警示教育,让党员干部从发生在身边人身上的腐败案件中汲取教训;“以案四改”是改治理、改监管、改制度、改作风,让发现的问题得到切实整改。

  唐勇(重庆市监委委员):说和改是一体的,这就为不敢、不能、不想,从办案到监督到整改,实际上形成了贯通一体的组合方式。

  【解说词】黔江区四大班子及众多区管干部参加了“以案四说”警示教育大会,会上通报了杨宏伟相关案情,从“纪、法、德、责”四个方面深刻反思。黔江区针对杨宏伟案中突出暴露的工程建设领域乱象开展专项整治,清查工程建设项目260余个,查处涉及工程建设领域腐败问题的处级干部17人,并系统性地完善制度,堵塞漏洞。针对杨宏伟主政期间选人用人导向错误问题,开展了选人用人专项整治。区委各位常委同志直接约谈36批次、60人次,严把选人用人关,先后对6名拟提拔干部“亮红灯”。通过一系列举措,推动黔江区政治生态持续向好。

  Yu Changming (then secretary of the Qianjiang District Party Committee): When I came to Qianjiang, most of the cadres in the government office left work around 4 o'clock in the afternoon.

It used to be that our taxi business was the best at 4 o'clock, and now it is 6 o'clock. The taxi driver is the most able to perceive and feel the change of style.

Mobilizing the enthusiasm of cadres is to have a good selection and employment orientation, so that those who can do things, those who can do things, and those who can do things can be promoted and reused.

  [Commentary] The case of Yang Hongwei once again shows that the "top leader" has heavy responsibilities and concentrated power, which is not only the focus of supervision, but also the difficulty of supervision.

Only by controlling the "key minority", especially the main leading cadres at all levels, and strictly governing the party in an all-round way can it be deterrent and persuasive.

  [Commentary] On June 1, 2021, the "Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Strengthening the Supervision of "Top Leaders" and Leading Groups" was publicly released.

This is the first special document formulated for the supervision of the "top leaders" and the leading group. It is an important measure to improve the supervision system of the party and the state and promote the comprehensive and strict governance of the party to develop in depth.

  Chen Yaxin (Deputy Director of the Law and Regulations Office of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission): Formulating the "Opinions" and strengthening the supervision of the "top leaders" and the leadership team is the basis for the CPC Central Committee to achieve the second centenary goal, adhere to and strengthen the party's overall leadership, and be brave in oneself. It is an important measure to revolutionize and solve the problem of inner-party supervision.

A total of 21 supervision measures have been formulated. These measures are conducive to the implementation of the main responsibility and supervision responsibility of the party and the party, and to promote the "top leaders" and leading groups at all levels to understand the supervision responsibilities from a political perspective, actively carry out supervision, consciously accept supervision, and promote The advantages of the supervision system with Chinese characteristics are better transformed into governance efficiency.

  [Commentary] Starting again in a century and starting a new journey, the new situation and new tasks have put forward unprecedented new challenges and new requirements for our party.

As long as we always maintain the spirit of self-revolution, strengthen the political consciousness of the comprehensive and strict governance of the party that will always be on the road, and uphold discipline and anti-corruption with the concept of systematic governance and addressing both the symptoms and root causes, and constantly remove all factors that damage the advanced nature and purity of the party, By constantly removing all viruses that are eroding the healthy body of the party, we will be able to ensure that the party does not deteriorate, change its color, or smell, and ensure that the party will always become a strong leadership core in the historical process of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.

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