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A New Observation on the "Opening Way" of Modern Agriculture

  Xinhua News Agency, Changchun, December 20th, Wire Title: New Observations on the "Opening Way" of Modern Agriculture

  Xinhua News Agency reporters Chen Jun, Meng Hanqi, Xue Qinfeng

  At the end of 2021, good news came from the black soil-Jilin's grain output exceeded the 80 billion jin mark for the first time.

Industry insiders say that the new exploration of agricultural modernization is an important reason behind the record-breaking grain production.

  In July 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out during an inspection tour in Jilin that Jilin should put food security in a prominent position, do a good job of food production, accelerate the transformation of agricultural development methods, and create more experience in exploring the development of modern agriculture. .

  What's the new trick for planting good land?

What are the new "opening methods" of modern agriculture?

Xinhua News Agency reporters visited a number of Northeast veterans and listened to their stories about embracing new technologies.

  [Lens 1] The old agricultural technology meets the new generation of technology

  In Sanye Village, Haituo Township, Da'an City, Jilin Province, 67-year-old Han Fu skillfully demonstrated how to use a mobile phone to monitor and dynamically manage fields in real time.

  "Farming in the Internet age relies on high technology!" This veteran who has cultivated for a lifetime was conquered by the power of science and technology after meeting a group of college graduates.

  In the past, Han Fu had a set of rich experience accumulated over the years when he contracted land to grow rice in the western part of Jilin Province.

Whoever encounters difficulties in farming will always ask him for advice.

  "Working hard can plant good land." This is Old Han's knack for planting good land.

When preparing for farming, thousands of acres of rice fields need to be manually irrigated.

The "shake handle" is very heavy, and it takes a lot of riveting to shake it.

During the more than 10 hours of opening and closing the gates, someone must be guarded to prevent the alkali from returning to the field.

Lao Han and more than a dozen villagers arranged to watch for an hour each.

It's a bit guilty to get up and be greedy in the dark.

Sometimes Lao Han was also worried: "I can't do anything in the future. How can this place be cleaned up? Young people who want to suffer this hardship?"

  In 2017, a group of college students came to the village and built a modern farm, and Lao Han was hired as a field caretaker.

But he felt that these college students had not gone through the wind, rain, and tumbling, and most of them went back home after putting on a show.

  He did not expect that these young people installed a "cloud" irrigation canal management system in the field, combining satellites and field sensing equipment, and the topography of the area and the direction of the canal can be presented through images.

  What is even more surprising to the old style is that when there is water shortage in the field, the system automatically warns. Just move your finger to send a remote switch command to realize fully automated management.

This set of intelligent applications has been popularized on farms, and Lao Han also bid farewell to the era of manual scheduling and manual opening and closing of gates.

The young people installed water level sensors and other equipment in the ground to realize water-saving irrigation and precise irrigation.

After some operation, Lao Han tasted the efficiency and convenience brought by technology, and was convinced by these new generations!

The picture shows the field drip irrigation equipment of Daxia Farm in Qian'an County, Jilin Province, with an average output increase of 30% per hectare.

(Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Ziheng)

  General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out during an inspection tour in Jilin in 2020 that the key to agricultural modernization is the modernization of agricultural science and technology.

It is necessary to strengthen the integration of agriculture and science and technology, and strengthen agricultural science and technology innovation.

  The key to technological innovation is talent.

In the blueprint for agricultural modernization in various places, batches of new generations have entered the soil and become a new force in farming. In the collision with the traditional farming experience accumulated for decades, they have stimulated agriculture to move towards high-quality development.

  [Lens 2] Why do the eight old men easily plant 10,000 mu of fields?

  In Minle Village, Dawa Town, Songyuan City, Jilin Province, the endless farmland is covered with white snow, and there is silence.

The Chunfeng Planting Professional Cooperative on the other side is very lively, and everyone is receiving this year’s dividends from the cooperative.

  "Food production has increased, and income has increased." Liang Yongnian, a villager in Minle Village, told reporters.

Asked about the secret to increasing production and income, his answer turned out to be—no more work in the field!

  It turned out that more than 10,000 mu of land in the village was transferred and contracted to eight persons in charge of the cooperative.

These eight old men with an average age of over 60 years old can easily handle the farm work that could only be done by more than 1,000 people in the past.

  Songyuan is located in the semi-arid area of ​​western Jilin. In the past, the villagers here were always caught in the water shortage, and every family still had to contribute.

After working all year round, only about 1,000 catties of grain are harvested per mu of land.

Everyone has a tight life.

In recent years, more and more young people have left the village, leaving the old people to continue farming.

"I'm all this old, no one will be farming anymore, this land must not be left unused?" Zhang Zhifeng, party branch secretary of Minle Village, couldn't help but sigh when he thought of this.

  The turning point appeared.

Jilin Agricultural University and Jilin Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences have successively established workstations in the village to transfer land and experiment with modern agricultural technology.

Autumn is here, and the output of the experimental field has increased significantly.

  Wang Qisheng, the oldest of the eight old men, was very envious. He led several old men to learn from the experts.

Soil testing formula, straw returning to the field, water and fertilizer integration... have all become connoisseurs.

But at that time, the village maintained a family-by-household planting model, and large-scale machinery was not available, and many technologies were useless.

  Zhang Zhifeng saw the doorway.

In 2017, the village collective established a farmer cooperative. He settled accounts with the villagers everywhere and mobilized everyone to join the cooperative.

After wearing out their mouths and taking countless chest shots, everyone joined the cooperative. The whole village's land was managed by the eight old men.

  In spring, a large planter came on the field, and the planting was completed within a few days; in summer, the pests and diseases were checked, and drones sprayed medicine; in autumn, the combine harvester opened its battlefield, threshing while harvesting, and turning the straw into the field by the way... Under the leadership of the old man, professional cooperatives play a big role, leading the villagers to a better life.

  During an inspection in Jilin in 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized the need to actively support new agricultural business entities such as family farms and farmer cooperatives, and encourage localities to explore different professional cooperative models based on local conditions.

  Statistics show that in Jilin, the land transfer rate of cooperatives is close to 50%.

Modern agriculture marked by cooperatives is gaining momentum.

When the land is transferred on a large scale, large-scale agricultural machinery plays the "concerto", and farming no longer depends on physical strength.

Even old men with silver hair can flex their muscles in the farmland and lead the villagers to increase production and income, and develop efficient and intensive agriculture.

The picture shows the autumn harvest scene of Chunfeng Planting Professional Cooperative in Minle Village, Dawa Town, Songyuan City, Jilin Province.

(Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Ziheng)

  [Lens 3] Old rice farmers who love tossing "step on the right" career new outlet

  The Northeast is the time when farmers are "cat winter", but in Guangdong Village, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Long City, rice is processed, packaged, and shipped to customers... Rice farmer Liu Shuxiang is even more busy.

  Liu Shuxiang and his wife are over 60 years old, relying on farming, life is pretty good.

But Liu Shuxiang was born to be inactive, reluctant to accept the old, and refused to stop to enjoy the happiness, always thinking about what to do.

  Guangdong Village is located in the Changbai Mountains. Because of its beautiful mountains and rivers, it is rich in high-quality rice.

Also, because of the high mountains and rivers, the delicious rice cannot be shipped out and is not well-known. The prices of cabbage are sold, and the villagers generally have very low incomes.

  In recent years, through the development of tertiary industries such as rural tourism and brand agriculture, Guangdong Village has gradually gained popularity, and the villagers’ money bags have gradually increased.

In July 2021, the view of rice fields in Guangdong Village, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Long City.

(Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xue Qinfeng)

  Liu Shuxiang found that many people in the village switched to planting green organic rice to increase added value.

"Cheap rice is not easy to sell. Someone will buy the expensive rice?" Unexpectedly, as long as there are tourists in the village, they will buy a few packs of green organic rice, and the market will gradually open up.

  Liu Shuxiang was eager to try, "I want to grow green organic rice and register my own brand."

But Liu Shuxiang, who has been planting all his life, has no idea how to grow green organic rice.

She and her husband invited local agricultural technology experts to scientifically adjust and equip organic fertilizers, select high-quality rice varieties, learn scientific cultivation techniques, purchase professional agricultural machinery, and build a "rice and crab coexistence" breeding model...

  In the past two years, Liu Shuxiang's old couple has gotten bigger and bigger. The planting area has increased from more than 20 hectares to nearly 100 hectares, and the sales of rice have also increased.

The tossing Liu Shuxiang started talking again, and she invited agricultural experts to come and try to introduce a variety of new technologies to increase the yield and increase the disease resistance of the rice, so that the rice can grow healthier and stronger.

  During an inspection in Jilin in 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that to deepen the structural reform of the agricultural supply side, accelerate the development of green agriculture, and promote the integration of the three industries in rural areas.

  On the basis of holding the Chinese bowl firmly, the Chinese have always explored how to fill the bowl with refined grains.

Green organic planting, creating a combination of planting and breeding, branding... In the process of protecting the agricultural ecological environment, developing green agriculture, and cultivating sightseeing agriculture, many people have found new answers to agricultural modernization.