How to view the meaning of "Eighteen Lianfeng"?
What other factors will affect my country's food security in 2022?
How to ensure the sustainability of farmland development and the non-slippage of "high standards"?
Regarding related issues, the reporter recently interviewed Jiang Wenlai, a researcher at the Institute of Agricultural Resources and Agricultural Regional Planning of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences.
Reporter: This year is my country's eighteenth harvest year. Under the influence of extreme weather and other unfavorable factors, this achievement has not come easily.
What do you think of the meaning of this "Eighteen Lianfeng"?
Jiang Wenlai: As the saying goes: "You have grain in your hands, so don't panic in your heart." This year's grain harvest has made a good start for the high-quality development of my country's agriculture during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, and it will also bring confidence in the next year's income generation.
Under the influence of extreme weather and the epidemic this year, it is commendable to be able to achieve the "18 Lianfeng", which shows that my country's long-term mechanism for stable grain production and increase production is effective. The grain stabilization and increase grain system mechanism has gradually formed and improved, which is in line with my country's grain production reality and the system operates effectively. It also shows that my country's agricultural normalization measures are active and effective in response to the new crown pneumonia epidemic.
Reporter: What are the key factors that do you think we can maintain stable and high yields of grains year after year?
What other factors will affect my country's food security in 2022?
Jiang Wenlai: Four factors are crucial for our country to achieve stable and high yields for successive years. First, the Party Central Committee attaches great importance to food production and food security. This year is the first time that food production has been included in the macroeconomic control goals, and the food production has been continuously improved. New step.
The second is that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the state has issued many policies for stabilizing grain and benefiting agriculture. These policies are in line with the reality of the “three rural areas” and provide key policy support for grain production.
The third is the rapid development of agricultural technology in my country, and food production is gradually bidding farewell to the traditional model of "facing the loess and backing the sky".
Fourth, the effective operation of the grain production mechanism formed by the joint efforts of the central and local governments, the continuous improvement of the agricultural production environment and the steady increase of comprehensive grain production capacity have laid a solid mechanism foundation for stable and increased grain production.
With regard to food production next year, I think there are four risks that need attention: First, the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic has not been eliminated; second, global warming has increased extreme weather, and food production may be threatened by natural disasters. ; Third, the cost of agricultural production materials in my country will rise in 2021, and pesticides, fertilizers, seeds, and labor will rise across the board. In 2022, affected by the world's loose policies, the risk of rising agricultural production materials costs may be difficult to eliminate; fourth, the risks of rigid constraints on resources and the environment are increasing my country’s grain production is rigidly restricted by the shortage of water resources and land resources, especially the phenomenon of “agricultural conversion” of cultivated land has not been effectively curbed.
Reporter: The recent Central Economic Work Conference once again focused on the issue of food security and proposed “continuously promote the construction of high-standard farmland”.
What are the current achievements of our country in the construction of high-standard farmland?
After completion, how to ensure the sustainability of farmland development and the non-slippage of "high standards" in the future?
Jiang Wenlai: High-standard farmland is essential to guaranteeing my country's food security. Under the disturbance of natural disasters due to droughts and floods, it is the "key land" that guarantees the rice bowls of Chinese people to ensure stable and increased output to the greatest extent.
In recent years, the construction of high-standard farmland in my country has achieved remarkable results, which are mainly reflected in four aspects: First, the number of high-standard farmland in China has been increasing steadily. By the end of 2020, my country has built 800 million mu of high-standard farmland, which not only increased food production, but also strongly resisted. The impact of droughts and floods on food security has played an important supporting role in ensuring my country’s food security; second, through the construction of high-standard farmland, the modernization of scattered lands is more suitable for the needs of modern agricultural development, and it is a large-scale agricultural industry. Standardization, specialization, and mechanization provide convenience and speed up the transformation from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture.
Third, the construction of high-standard farmland has improved the efficiency of arable land and water resources through measures such as field improvement and supporting ditches. It has the characteristics of water and electricity saving, and promotes the green development of agriculture.
Fourth, through the construction of high-standard farmland, farmers' income has been increased, farmers have obtained tangible benefits, and social benefits have been obvious.
After the completion of the construction of high-standard farmland, how to ensure the healthy use of high-standard farmland is very important.
For example, establish a high-standard farmland ledger, upload a map of the high-standard farmland that has been built, find out the number, location, and operating conditions of the high-standard farmland, and discover problems in farmland operation in time.
Establish a high-standard farmland management and protection accountability system, implement high-standard farmland management and protection responsibilities, and strengthen supervision.
Establish a long-term mechanism for high-standard farmland management and protection.
Establish a high-standard farmland protection system, strictly control and protect high-standard farmland, and incorporate high-standard farmland protection into the daily work of the government.
Reporter: The latest national survey results show that the area of arable land in my country is still decreasing.
What do you think of this phenomenon?
Do you have any suggestions on the protection and effective use of cultivated land resources?
Jiang Wenlai: Cultivated land is the material basis for guaranteeing national food security. The current reduction in cultivated land is mainly due to "agricultural conversion". If things go on like this, it will pose a threat to my country's food security.
To protect and utilize cultivated land resources, first, we must strictly observe the red line of cultivated land and unshakable, this is the bottom line.
The second is to explore the shift from the balance of arable land to a balance of quality, to achieve a balance of comprehensive grain production capacity, and to effectively ensure the steady improvement of the country's comprehensive grain production capacity.
The third is to carry out the improvement of the quality of cultivated land, through modern technology to transform low- and medium-yield fields, repair degraded cultivated land, and improve the quality of cultivated land, which to some extent is equivalent to increasing cultivated land.
The fourth is to strengthen supervision and management and accountability.
Our reporter Wang YajingKeywords: