What is a natural birth?
What are the signs of approaching?
What are the signs of the natural birth of a virgin, and how can it be facilitated and how long does it take?
What is the normal weight of the fetus at birth?
These and other questions are answered in this comprehensive report.
What is a natural birth?
A vaginal birth is one in which labor begins spontaneously, usually between 37 and 42 weeks of pregnancy, according to the website of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada.
Signs that labor will occur within 24 to 48 hours, according to Dr. Jonathan Emery, in a statement to the Cleveland Clinic website, there are 4 early signs of labor that may occur to a pregnant woman, namely:
Some women feel the kind of cramping that usually occurs with their period.
"These period-like cramps may be the start of mild contractions. They're not very painful, but noticeable. They may come and go over a period of hours or even two days," Dr. Emery explains.
2- Pelvic pressure
You may feel pressure in the vagina or pelvis, and women may feel lower back pain.
3- Loss of the mucus plug
Some women notice a change in their vaginal secretions, which may indicate the dropping of the mucus plug, which is an accumulation of mucus that forms a dam over the opening of the cervix, which helps protect the baby from unhealthy bacteria outside the womb.
As the cervix begins to open in preparation for labour, the mucus plug may loosen one at a time or gradually.
Decades ago, people believed that if a woman lost the mucus plug, it meant that she would be in labor for a certain number of days.
But we now know that this can be indeterminate.
You can lose the mucus plug and not go into labour, and the mucus can build up again in the cervix.
4- Changes in vaginal secretions
Even if the mucus plug remains intact, you may notice other changes in your vaginal secretions.
"It can get wetter, sticky, thicker, or maybe just a little pink before labor starts or in the early stages of labour," says Dr. Emery.
There are other possible signs, too. Emery says there are other possible signs of labor that are less scientifically supported, including:
6- Pain in the thigh:
Sharp, burning, or fiery nerve pain in your pelvis from your baby's position.
7- Loose stools or diarrhea.
8- Sudden rush of energy:
It is often associated with a strong desire to prepare your home for the baby, Dr. Emery says, and "one or more of these signs of labor may occur for some women, but there is no clear evidence that they are associated with prenatal or preterm labour."
There are other signs that labor is approaching:
9- Feeling of an upset stomach
10- An urgent need to go to the toilet because your child's head is pressed in
What are the signs of a natural birth for a virgin?
They are the same as the previous signs, but there is a difference in the time of labor.
The cervix needs to open about 10 cm for your baby to pass through, this is called complete dilation.
In first, first-born labour, the time from onset of steady labor to full dilation is usually 8 to 12 hours.
But it is often faster (about 5 hours) in the second or third pregnancy.
What do you do if you think you are in labour?
Dr. Emery says that if you think labor has begun, you should watch your contractions, and when they happen every five minutes and are too strong for you to walk or talk, call your health provider or doctor.
The first stage of labor
During this period, the contractions make the cervix gradually open (dilate).
This is usually the longest stage of labour, according to the NHS website.
At the beginning of labour, your cervix begins to soften, this is called the "latent phase" and you may feel irregular contractions.
It may take several hours, or even days, before you are in stable labour.
Steady labor is when the cervix dilates to about 4 cm and regular contractions open the cervix.
During the latent phase, it's a good idea to have something to eat and drink because you'll need energy when labor starts.
If your labor starts at night, try to feel comfortable and relaxed.
Sleep if you can.
If your labor starts during the day, stay upright and gently energize.
This helps your baby to descend into your pelvis and helps your cervix dilate.
Breathing exercises, massage, and a warm shower or bath may help relieve pain during this early stage of labour.
When do you call your health care provider, doctor or midwife?
Your contractions are regular, and you have about 3 contractions every 10 minutes
Your waters break, which means that the membrane that contains the fluid surrounding your baby, the amniotic fluid, breaks down, and the fluid comes out.
When your contractions are too strong and you feel like you need pain relief
Are you worried about anything
The cervix needs to open about 10 cm for your baby to pass through.
This is called full dilation.
In first labour, the time from onset of steady labor to full dilation is usually 8 to 12 hours.
It is often faster (about 5 hours) in the second or third pregnancy.
Labor can sometimes be slower than expected.
This can happen if the contractions don't come often enough, aren't strong enough, or if your baby is in an awkward position.
If this is the case, your doctor or midwife may talk to you about two ways to speed up your labour:
First: break the water bag
The membrane containing the fluid around your baby is broken, often enough to make contractions stronger and more regular.
This is also known as artificial rupture of membranes (ARM).
Your midwife or doctor can do this by making a small break in the membrane during a vaginal examination.
This can make your contractions stronger and more painful, so your midwife will talk to you about pain relief.
Second, the use of oxytocin
If breaking your waters doesn't work, your midwife or doctor might suggest using a drug called oxytocin (also known as syntocinon) to make contractions stronger.
This is given through a drip that goes into a vein, usually in your wrist or arm.
Oxytocin can make your contractions stronger and more regular, and it can start to work very quickly, so your midwife will talk to you about your options for pain relief.
The second stage of labor
The second stage of labor lasts from the full dilation of the cervix until your baby is born.
Your midwife will help you find a comfortable position for the birth.
You may want to sit, lie on your side, stand, kneel, or squat, although squatting can be difficult if you don't use it.
Push your child outside
When the cervix is fully dilated, your baby will move down the birth canal toward the entrance to the vagina.
You may feel the need to push as if you need to have a bowel movement.
You can push during contractions whenever you feel the need.
You may not feel the need to pay right away.
If you are having your first baby, this pushing stage should last no more than 3 hours.
If you have had a baby before, it will take no more than two hours.
This stage of labor is hard work, but your midwife will help and encourage you.
Your partner can also support you.
When your baby's head is almost ready to come out, your midwife will ask you to stop pushing and take a few short breaths out of your mouth.
This continues until your baby's head can be born slowly and gently, giving the skin and muscles in the area between the vagina and the anus (perineum) time to stretch.
Sometimes your midwife or midwife will suggest an "episiotomy" to avoid tearing or to speed up labour.
This is a small cut that is made in the perineum area, which we will talk about later.
You will be given an injection of a local anesthetic to numb the area before the incision is made.
Once your baby is born, an episiotomy, or any large tears, will be stitched closed.
The third stage of labor occurs after your baby is born, when your uterus contracts and the placenta comes out of your vagina.
There are two ways to manage this stage of labour:
Active management: When you have a treatment to make it happen faster.
Physiological management: when you have no treatment and this stage occurs naturally
Your midwife will explain both methods during pregnancy or during early labour, so you can decide which one you prefer.
What is active management?
Your midwife will give you an injection of oxytocin into your thigh during or shortly after birth. This causes your uterus to contract.
Evidence suggests that it's best not to cut the umbilical cord right away, so your midwife will wait to do this between 1 and 5 minutes after delivery.
This can be done sooner if there are concerns about you or your baby - for example - if the umbilical cord is tightly wrapped around your baby's neck.
Once the placenta is out of your womb, the midwife pulls on the umbilical cord — which attaches to the placenta and is pulled through the vagina.
This usually happens within 30 minutes of your baby's birth.
Active management speeds up the delivery of the placenta and reduces your risk of severe bleeding after delivery (postpartum haemorrhage) but increases the chance of feeling sick and can make postpartum cramp-like pains worse.
What is physiological management?
An oxytocin injection is not given, and the third stage of labor occurs normally.
The cord is not cut until it stops pulsing.
This means that blood is still passing from the placenta to your baby.
This usually takes about 2 to 4 minutes.
Once the placenta is out of your womb, you should feel some pressure in your bottom and need to push the placenta out.
It can take up to an hour to deliver the placenta, but it usually only takes a few minutes to deliver it.
If the placenta does not clear normally or begins to bleed profusely, your midwife or doctor will advise switching to active management.
You can do this at any time during the third stage of labour.
What is the difference between the birth of the firstborn from the second and third birth?
Labor is usually faster in the second and subsequent births, and the early stages (latent labor) are particularly likely to be faster and contractions to become stronger faster.
So you may want to think about getting to where you're going to give birth faster than last time.
The average length of labor for women who have given birth before is 5 hours, and it is likely to be shorter than 12 hours.
Unless you've had a C-section before, the active part (the motive) of labor is usually shorter as well because your muscles and vagina have already been stretched, according to the UK's National Childbirth Trust.
What is a birth wound?
The birth wound, scientifically called an episiotomy, is an incision through the area between the vaginal opening and the anus.
This area is called the perineum.
This procedure is done to widen the vaginal opening for childbirth.
Usually, once you see the baby's head, your health care provider will help move the baby's head out of the vagina, which is followed by the shoulders and the rest of the body.
Sometimes, the opening of the vagina doesn't extend far enough for the baby's head.
In this case, an episiotomy is performed.
An episiotomy helps the health care provider deliver your baby.
It is important to make a surgical incision rather than letting the tissue rupture.
Your provider usually performs an episiotomy when the baby's head extends the opening of the vagina to several centimeters, according to the Johns Hopkins Medicine website.
Once the placenta is delivered, your health care provider will sew up the wound.
If you haven't had an epidural, your provider may inject an anesthetic medication into your perineum.
Why might I need an episiotomy?
Not all women need an episiotomy.
Tightening the tissue naturally may help reduce your need for it.
Ask your health care provider how to do this on your own.
Without an episiotomy, the perineal tissue may rupture, and this can be difficult to repair.
Your health care provider may recommend an episiotomy in these cases:
The baby does not have enough oxygen (fetal distress)
Complicated delivery, such as placing the baby lower or feet first (breech) or when the baby's shoulders are retained (shoulder dystocia)
The long pushing stage of childbirth
Birth by forceps or suction
Your health care provider may have other reasons to recommend an episiotomy.
What happens after an episiotomy?
After an episiotomy, you may feel pain at the incision site.
An ice pack may help reduce swelling and pain.
Warm or cold baths (sitz baths) may help relieve pain and speed healing.
Medicated creams or topical anesthetic sprays may also be helpful.
You can take a pain reliever as recommended by your doctor.
Make sure you only take the recommended medications.
Keep the incision clean and dry using the method recommended by your healthcare provider.
This is important after urination and defecation.
What is the normal weight of the fetus at birth?
Babies average a birth weight of 7.5 pounds (3.5 kg), although between 5.5 pounds (2.5 kg) and 10 pounds (4.5 kg) is considered normal, according to the University of Michigan Health website.
Boys are usually a little heavier than girls.
Early children are usually lighter than later siblings.
Large parents generally produce larger children, while smaller parents produce smaller children.
natural postpartum tips
Rest whenever you can.
Giving birth to a baby is hard work and you may not be able to sleep much in the hospital.
The first few weeks after delivery is an important time to rest whenever possible.
If possible, sleep or relax when your baby sleeps.
Visits should be reduced the first two weeks until you can rest and establish breastfeeding, according to the Cleveland Clinic.
Don't lift anything heavier than your baby, especially if you've had a C-section.
Don't be afraid to ask for help.
Let family and friends help you by cooking meals, helping with laundry or other household chores, babysitting siblings, or stopping by the store to buy some items for you.
Wash your hands often, especially after every visit to the bathroom, after changing a diaper, and before feeding your baby.
In the first week after giving birth, limit climbing stairs as much as possible.
Keep your baby care simple.
Your baby does not need to be bathed every day.
Just wipe his hands, face, and diaper area daily.
Know when you need professional help.
If you feel anxious most of the time, can't sleep, or feel depressed for more than two weeks, contact your doctor.