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by Tiziana Di Giovannandrea

08 December 2021 The resources allocated to local authorities with the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (PNRR) amount to 66.4 billion euros, almost 35% of the 191.5 billion euros made available, from our country, from the European Union. 



All the mayors of Italy, therefore, will be called upon to play a decisive role in the use of the resources of the Recovery Plan, given that of the 66.4 billion allocated to local authorities, they will have to manage 40 billion. However, the first citizens of the small to medium-sized municipalities have been denouncing for some time that with the staff reduced to the bone it will be a difficult task to spend all the money available well and soon. 



This is the main result that emerged from an elaboration carried out by

CGIA Studies Office

on behalf of

ASMEL

, the Association for Subsidiarity and the Modernization of Local Authorities, which represents 3726 Municipalities throughout Italy, 47% of the total. ASMEL mainly groups small and medium-sized municipalities (under 100 thousand inhabitants), where 75 percent of the Italian population lives. There are many and relevant projects that will see the Mayors directly involved as implementing / beneficiaries, in which they will directly assume responsibility for their implementation.



The

PNRR consists of 6 missions

that we remember are: 

• 1 -

Digitization, Innovation, Competitiveness, Culture and Tourism; digitization, innovation and safety in the Public Administration; digitization, innovation, competitiveness in the Production System; Tourism and Culture.

 • 2 -

Green revolution and ecological transition; Circular economy and sustainable agriculture; renewable energy, hydrogen, grid and sustainable mobility; energy efficiency and building renovation; protection of the territory and the resource. 

• 3 -

 Infrastructures for sustainable mobility; investments in the railway network; intermodality and integrated logistics. •

4 - 

Education and research; strengthening the offer of educational services: from nursery schools to universities; from research to business. 

• 5 -

 Inclusion and cohesion; employment policies; social infrastructure, families, communities and the third sector; special interventions for territorial cohesion. 

• 6 -

 Health; proximity networks, structures and telemedicine for territorial health care; Innovation, research and digitization of the National Health Service; implementation and monitoring; macroeconomic impact assessment.



The Artisans and Small Businesses Association of Mestre represents that with the exception of Mission 6, dedicated to "health", and Mission 3, relating to "Infrastructures for sustainable mobility", local authorities will be called upon to intervene in all the other 4 areas. 


The Association headed by Roberto Bottan highlights in particular that almost 40 billion euros are potentially earmarked for Municipalities and Metropolitan Cities. These are resources destined in a broad sense and by a large majority to Municipalities and Metropolitan Cities which, however, in a residual way, could also be used for Provinces, Regions, Area Authorities, etc. Overall these resources represent 20% of the PNRR. Municipalities play an important role in the implementation of Mission 5 "Inclusion and cohesion" and Mission 4 "Education and Research" which respectively employ more than half (57.5%) and almost a third (31.6%) of the PNRR resources. for those specific Missions.



The

Mission 5 "Inclusion and Cohesion" 

it allocates resources for the implementation of employment policies and for the territory and it is precisely in this latter aspect that local authorities are called to intervene. The CGIA highlights how the Municipalities and other entities will participate as implementing bodies in the tenders in order to carry out urban regeneration and

social housing

interventions

(social housing is halfway between public housing and private properties sold or rented at market price because it provides a form of social housing designed to provide housing with good or excellent quality standards, at a controlled rent, which does not exceed 25% -30% of the salary, ed) and to strengthen the role of local social services in favor of citizens, protecting homeless people, promoting sport as a tool for social inclusion, supporting the national strategy in favor of inland areas , enhancing the assets confiscated from the mafias. A precious intervention that will see the Municipalities use their knowledge and professionalism precisely in the subjects of their competence.



Furthermore, the CGIA Research Office referring to

Mission 4

describes that it aims to strengthen education and research as basic conditions for guaranteeing the development of an economic system, intervenes on the entire training cycle up to the insertion of young people into the world of work. In this context, the Municipalities are given the task of strengthening the offer of the first levels of education (nursery schools, kindergartens) both by intervening on the infrastructures (school buildings and sports facilities) and on the quality of the service. extension of full time and greater use of canteens.



The

ASMEL Secretary General, Francesco Pinto

, affirms: "For the Municipalities, especially the small and medium ones, a delicate phase is opening in which today's choices will have a positive impact for tomorrow only if the resources are correctly invested. The resources will arrive only on condition that they are respected numerous goals and objectives, there are 527 in all. It therefore becomes a priority that the municipal administrations are allowed to work and that the best conditions are created to carry out their tasks, reducing bureaucratic formalities. The PNRR constitutes a strategic opportunity for simplification and efficiency and it is therefore necessary to invest in subsidiarity and not in centralism. This means - as emerges from the experience of ASMEL - focusing on the professionalization of internal resources, creating support structures,simplify compliance by digitizing procedures and investing in the local capacity to identify and pursue the best solutions. Hence also the importance of respecting municipal autonomy in choosing the most suitable operational solutions to achieve the expected results, without falling from above pre-established solutions that risk wasting resources or concentrating them in the hands of a few decision-makers.without falling from above pre-established solutions that risk wasting resources or concentrating them in the hands of a few decision-makers.without falling from above pre-established solutions that risk wasting resources or concentrating them in the hands of a few decision-makers.


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