China News Service, December 6, According to the website of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, recently, the "Measures for the Management of the Transfer of Hazardous Wastes" (hereinafter referred to as the "Measures for Transfer") were formulated and issued by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment in conjunction with the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Transport.

Relevant persons in charge of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment answered questions from reporters on the background and management requirements of the "Transfer Measures".

  In response to the question of "Why the transfer of hazardous waste should follow the principle of proximity", the person in charge stated that, on the one hand, the long-distance transfer of hazardous waste is not conducive to environmental supervision and environmental risk is high, and environmental violations and crimes involving hazardous waste mostly occur in this link; Large-scale and long-distance transfer of hazardous waste will also significantly increase air pollutant emissions and carbon emissions.

Therefore, the "Transfer Measures" proposes that the transfer of hazardous wastes should follow the principle of proximity as a whole.

The full text of the question and answer is as follows:

Question: What is the background of the formulation of the "Transfer Measures"?

Answer: The

Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the prevention and control of hazardous waste pollution and environmental risk management. General Secretary Xi Jinping has issued important instructions on illegal transfer and dumping of hazardous waste on many occasions.

The newly revised and implemented "Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste" (hereinafter referred to as the "Solid Waste Law") stipulates that hazardous waste transfer management should be controlled throughout the entire process and improve efficiency.

The "Management Measures for the Transfer of Hazardous Wastes" (hereinafter referred to as the "Management Measures") issued in 1999 can no longer meet the needs of the current management of hazardous waste transfers.

  The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, together with the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Transport, formulated the "Management Measures" to further improve the hazardous waste transfer management system. This is a powerful measure to implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important instructions. "The reform requires that the entire process of hazardous waste management be strengthened, and specific actions for cross-provincial transfer approval services are optimized.

Question: What modifications and improvements have been made to the "Transfer Measures"?

Answer:

Compared with the "Combined Bills Measures" which only involves the management of the dangerous waste transfer sheets, the "Transfer Measures" puts forward management requirements for the entire process of hazardous waste transfer, increasing the responsibilities of the parties involved in the transfer of hazardous waste, cross-provincial transfer management, and comprehensive Run the electronic form and other contents, and improve the relevant clauses:

  One is to re-formulate the "Transfer Measures" on the basis of the "Combined Single Measures", which will be jointly issued by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Ministry of Public Security, and the Ministry of Transport.

  The second is to clarify the general responsibilities of the parties involved in the transfer of hazardous waste, increase the responsibilities of the mover, carrier, receiver, and shipper, and refine the transfer management requirements from removal to acceptance.

  The third is to clarify that the transfer of hazardous waste follows the principle of proximity, and minimize large-scale and long-distance transportation.

  The fourth is to strengthen the information management of hazardous waste transfer links, and promote the realization of the monitoring and information traceability of the entire process of hazardous waste collection, transfer, and disposal.

  The fifth is to optimize the approval services for cross-provincial transfer of hazardous waste, implement the reform requirements of “decentralization, management and service”, simplify application materials and approval procedures, improve approval efficiency, and strengthen service measures.

Question: Why should the transfer of hazardous waste follow the principle of proximity?

Answer:

On the one hand, the long-distance transfer of hazardous waste is not conducive to environmental supervision, and the environmental risk is high. Most of the environmental violations and crimes involving hazardous waste occur in this link; the large-scale and long-distance transfer of hazardous waste will also significantly increase the emission of air pollutants. carbon emission.

Therefore, the "Transfer Measures" proposes that the transfer of hazardous wastes should follow the principle of proximity as a whole.

  On the other hand, with regard to the transfer and disposal of hazardous wastes, our Ministry has promoted the establishment of “provincial capacity overall matching and inter-provincial coordination and cooperation” in accordance with the requirements of the "Guiding Opinions on Improving Hazardous Waste Environmental Supervision Capabilities, Utilization and Disposal Capabilities, and Environmental Risk Prevention Capabilities." , Special categories of national overall planning" hazardous waste disposal system; each province (autonomous region, municipality) has vigorously improved the hazardous waste disposal capacity, and has basically achieved the overall matching of the hazardous waste disposal capacity in the province with the production and waste situation, which is for the transfer and disposal of hazardous waste within the province. Foundation.

  For those that really need to be transferred and disposed of across provinces, the "Transfer Measures" proposes to focus on hazardous waste disposal facilities that are transferred to neighboring or regional cooperation provinces, as well as special types of hazardous waste disposal facilities that are coordinated across the country.

Question: What are the main responsibilities of the parties involved in the transfer of hazardous waste?

Answer:

In order to further strengthen the supervision of the transfer of hazardous waste, the "Transfer Measures" stipulates the responsibilities of the transferor, carrier, receiver, shipper and other parties involved in the transfer of hazardous waste, and clarifies the transfer from removal to acceptance. Management requirements.

  For the removal of hazardous wastes, it is responsible for entrusting the compliance of hazardous wastes, preparing management plans, establishing management accounts, truthfully filling in the operation transfer form, and timely verifying that the recipient uses and disposes of hazardous wastes.

  For the hazardous waste carrier, it is responsible for verifying the hazardous waste transfer form, filling in the operation transfer form truthfully, recording the transportation trajectory, compliant transportation, delivering all hazardous waste to the recipient and promptly informing the mover of the transportation status.

  For hazardous waste recipients, they have the responsibility to verify the hazardous waste information to be accepted, fill in the operation transfer form truthfully, use and dispose of them in compliance with regulations, and promptly inform the mover of the hazardous waste acceptance, utilization and disposal status.

  For hazardous waste shippers, they have the responsibility to determine the category and number of hazardous goods corresponding to hazardous waste, as well as to entrust compliance, properly package, and verify the carrier’s related information.

Question: What are the new requirements for the operation of hazardous waste transfer documents?

Answer: The

"Transfer Measures" further refines and improves the operation and management of hazardous waste transfer forms.

  The first is to strengthen informatization supervision and fully operate the electronic transfer order of hazardous waste.

Fill out and operate the electronic transfer form of hazardous waste through the National Hazardous Waste Information Management System.

If the electronic form cannot be executed due to special reasons, the paper form may be used first, and the information system shall be supplemented within ten working days after the completion of the transfer activity.

  The second is that the data on the electronic transfer of hazardous waste should be kept in the information system for at least ten years.

Disclosure of environmental pollution prevention and control information related to the transfer of hazardous waste in accordance with relevant national regulations.

  The third is to implement a unified national number for the transfer of hazardous waste, and the number of the transfer of hazardous waste is uniformly issued by the national hazardous waste information management system.

  The fourth is to optimize the operation rules of the transfer form, allowing the same hazardous waste transfer form to transfer one or more categories of hazardous waste, and adding other transfer methods that do not pass vehicles (boats or other means of transportation) and cannot measure hazardous wastes on a per-time basis The operation requirements of the united order.

Question: What measures are there to solve the problem of difficult transfer of hazardous waste across provinces?

Answer:

In order to solve the problem of difficult transfer of hazardous waste across provinces, the "Transfer Measures" further standardize and improve the approval items and approval activities for the transfer of hazardous waste across provinces stipulated in the Solid Waste Law.

  First, according to the newly revised "Solid Waste Law", the requirements for the application materials, approval process, and approval time limit for the transfer of hazardous waste across provinces have been clarified.

  The second is to simplify the application materials and approval process in accordance with the reform requirements of "Decentralization, Management and Service", in accordance with the requirements of the "Solid Waste Law" "Hazardous waste transfer management should be controlled throughout the process and improve efficiency", and the "Administrative Licensing Law of the People's Republic of China" 》, the approval time limit for cross-provincial transfer of hazardous waste is controlled within 20 working days, which greatly improves the efficiency of approval for cross-provincial transfer of hazardous waste.

  The third is to promote activities such as online consultations and letter replies for cross-provincial transfer of hazardous waste through the National Hazardous Waste Information Management System, simplify approval procedures, and reduce the transfer approval cycle.

  The fourth is to encourage the development of regional cooperation in the use and disposal of hazardous waste by the provincial eco-environmental departments in the removal area and the receiving area to simplify the approval process for cross-provincial transfer in accordance with the cooperation agreement.

  Fifth, the validity period of the decision to approve the inter-provincial transfer of hazardous waste is twelve months, which can span multiple years, but it does not exceed the time period for the migrant to apply for the hazardous waste transfer activity and the remaining validity period of the recipient’s hazardous waste business license.

Q: What are the considerations for the next step?

Answer:

With the implementation of the "Management Measures" as the starting point, we will strengthen the entire chain and entire process of environmental management of hazardous waste, and at the same time strengthen service awareness, and take multiple measures to provide convenient services for parties responsible for hazardous waste pollution prevention and environmental risk management and control.

  The first is to implement the relevant requirements of the "Transfer Measures" and formulate and issue the format and content of the hazardous waste transfer form and the cross-provincial transfer application form.

  The second is to improve the national hazardous waste environmental management information system, realize the informationization of the entire process of hazardous waste generation, collection, transfer, utilization, and disposal, and further enhance the environmental supervision and service capabilities of hazardous waste.

  The third is to strengthen coordination and linkage between departments, do a good job in information sharing, strengthen joint supervision and law enforcement, and severely crack down on illegal and criminal activities such as illegal transfer and dumping of hazardous waste.

  The fourth is to urge local governments to strengthen the management of hazardous waste transfer, strengthen publicity and training, guide enterprises related to hazardous waste transfer to implement hazardous waste transfer management requirements, and standardize the approval of hazardous waste transfer across provinces.

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