A ceremony to award the Nobel Prize medal to Mr. Syukuro Manabe of Princeton University, USA, who was selected for this year's Nobel Prize in Physics, was held in the capital Washington on the 6th.

Due to the influence of the new coronavirus, the awarding of this year's Nobel Prize medal will be held in the country where each of them lives, and the ceremony was held in Washington, the capital of the United States on the 6th.



Yoshiro Manabe of Princeton University, who was selected for the Nobel Prize in Physics, attended the ceremony with two researchers who won the Chemistry Award and the Economics Award, and received the Nobel Prize medal and certificate with a smile.



At the symposium held prior to the ceremony, Mr. Manabe said, "I have enjoyed my research, but I hope young people will find what they are good at and enjoy themes and have a wonderful time." , Sent a message to the younger generation of researchers.



Mr. Manabe is from Ehime prefecture and is currently an American national. He has developed the foundation of a model that simulates climate and pioneered global warming research. Selected as the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics.



This is the 28th Japanese person to receive the Nobel Prize, including those who have acquired American nationality, and the 12th person to receive the Nobel Prize in Physics, following Takaaki Kajita six years ago.

Syukuro Manabe Career and Achievements

Yoshiro Manabe, a visiting researcher at Princeton University in the United States and a fellow at the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, is 90 years old from Shikokuchuo City, Ehime Prefecture.



After completing a doctoral course at the University of Tokyo in 1958, he conducted research at the Ocean and Atmospheric Administration in the United States and developed a computer-based climate simulation model.



In 1967, we applied this model to derive that the temperature would rise by more than 2.3 degrees when the concentration of carbon dioxide doubled, and showed that the increase in carbon dioxide would affect global warming ahead of the rest of the world. ..



In 1969, he proposed a material circulation model that combines the atmosphere and the ocean, and by incorporating the heat exchange between the atmosphere and the sea into the model, how the climate of the entire earth changes when carbon dioxide increases. I derived it.



These research results have become indispensable for research on global warming, and Mr. Manabe first published the United Nations IPCC = "Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change" in 1990, which has a great influence on global warming countermeasures in each country. He became one of the authors of the first report, and has received more attention from around the world.



In 2015, he received the "Benjamin Franklin Medal", which is said to be the Nobel Prize in the United States.



In 2018, he was awarded the Crafoord Prize by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.



Mr. Manabe acquired American nationality in 1975 after moving to the United States and returned to Japan once in 1997 to continue research at the Ocean Research and Development Organization, but returned to the United States again and from 2001 Princeton University. I am a visiting researcher at Princeton University.

Science and Technology Policy Officer "Support for young talented people"

Michinari Hamaguchi, President of the Japan Science and Technology Agency, who is in charge of national science and technology policy, published a paper on which the Nobel Prize winner was the reason for the award, keeping in mind that Mr. Manabe had accumulated achievements in the United States at a young age. The peak age is in the thirties, but in Japan, researchers in their thirties are hardly independent and are the gears of big projects. It can be said that there are few environments where talent can be fully utilized. There is still not enough support to utilize talent. "



And, in order to raise researchers like Mr. Manabe in Japan, "There are many talented young people all over the country. In a long-term environment that stimulates each other with young and original ideas. It takes a long time for research to produce results, and it is necessary to watch the growth of researchers with a laid back feeling in order to become a country that produces more people like Mr. Manabe. " I did.

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