Carry forward the spirit of reform and opening up

  The great spirit of reform and opening up created by reform and opening up has greatly enriched the national spirit and has become the most distinctive spiritual symbol of the contemporary Chinese people!

  ——Excerpt from General Secretary Xi Jinping's speech at the celebration of the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up on December 18, 2018

  Reform and opening up, contemporary China's most significant feature, the most magnificent atmosphere.

  From breaking the ice in Xiaogang to testing the waters in Shenzhen, from the development of Pudong to the coastal construction, from the tide in Hainan to sailing in Xiong'an... For more than 40 years, the pace of reform and opening up has moved forward steadily, which has greatly changed the face of China and the face of the Chinese nation. , The face of the Chinese people, the face of the Chinese Communist Party.

  "The great spirit of reform and opening up created by reform and opening up has greatly enriched the national spirit and has become the most distinctive spiritual symbol of the contemporary Chinese people!" On December 18, 2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the conference celebrating the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up. The precious experience accumulated in the 40 years of opening up is the precious spiritual wealth of the party and the people. It has extremely important guiding significance for the adherence and development of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. It must be cherished, persisted for a long time, and continuously enriched and developed in practice.

  Along the "only way" of reform and opening up, our party has led the people with indomitable enterprising spirit and magnificent innovative practices to let the tide of reform and opening up play an exciting chapter in the land of China.

The great spirit of reform and opening up has spanned time and space, and has become new over time, and has become an important part of the spiritual pedigree of the Chinese Communists.

Emancipate the mind, seek truth from facts, and open up the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics

  Looking at Yuquan Mountain to the west and the Summer Palace to the south, the Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is solemn and quiet in winter.

  In December 2017, guests who participated in the High-level Dialogue between the Communist Party of China and World Political Parties in Beijing visited the Central Party School.

Leaders of foreign political parties took photos in front of the stone monument engraved with the four characters "seeking truth from facts".

  "Emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts are an important manifestation of the spirit of reform and opening up." said Zhang Zhanbin, dean of the School of Marxism at the Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (National School of Administration).

  Back in the morning in 1978, Nanjing University teacher Hu Fuming turned on the radio and heard that one of his submissions was officially published. The title was changed from "Practice is the Standard for Testing Truth" to "Practice is the Only Standard for Testing Truth."

What Hu Fuming didn't expect was that the article triggered a nationwide discussion on the standard of truth and became a precursor to ideological emancipation and reform and opening up.

  Under the leadership of Comrade Deng Xiaoping and the support of the older generation of revolutionaries, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party broke through the serious shackles of the long-term "Left" mistakes and criticized the erroneous policy of "Two Whats" and fully affirmed that it must be fully and accurately mastered. The scientific system of Mao Zedong Thought highly appraised the discussion on the standard of truth, decisively ended "taking class struggle as the key link," and re-established the Marxist ideological, political, and organizational line.

Since then, my country's reform and opening up has kicked off.

  The tide of ideological emancipation, such as the turbulent wave of ossified and backward concepts, breaks through the forbidden areas of ideology, and breaks the deadlock in development.

From "taking class struggle as the key link" to "centering on economic construction", from daring to "make a big deal" to daring to smash "big pot of rice", from "crossing the river by feeling the stones" to "breaking a bloody road", from "everything in the mountains" Open the way, build bridges when encountering water" to "dare to bite hard bones, dare to venture into dangerous beaches"...Along the way of reform and opening up, emancipating the mind has become a thread that runs through and continuously promotes theoretical innovation, institutional innovation, and practical innovation to make socialism great The flag is always flying high on the land of China.

Test boldly, reform bravely, and constantly liberate and develop social productive forces

  The sun is right in the courtyard of "Jinchang Restaurant" in Xiaogang Village, Fengyang County, Anhui Province.

  Speaking of the past, Yan Jinchang, who is nearly 80 years old, is full of spirit and has a torch-eyed look.

In the winter of 1978, 18 peasants including Yan Jinchang firmly pressed the red handprint and implemented the contract of production to households, which opened the curtain of China's rural reform.

  Now, with the reform of the "three-rights separation" of rural land, Yan Jinchang has become the first person in Xiaogang Village to obtain the certificate of land contractual management. Entrepreneurship: run a farmhouse, open a supermarket, develop rural tourism...

  Times are changing, and the spirit of reform and opening up remains unchanged.

Xiaogang Village took the lead in the pilot project of land ownership confirmation, registration and certification, and reform of collective asset joint-stock cooperative system. The villagers realized the change from "households contracting land" to "everyone holding shares" in the village's collective assets.

From 2016 to 2020, the annual per capita disposable income of villagers in Xiaogang Village jumped from 16,169 yuan to 27,600 yuan.

  The big changes are not only happening in rural areas.

When the contract of production reaches the households and "sparks a prairie fire", the special economic zone is also "breaking a bloody road."

  In the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, a world-class city cluster is emerging.

The total economic volume created here in one year exceeds 11 trillion yuan, and the containers handled by Shenzhen Port alone exceed 26 million TEUs each year.

Before the reform and opening up, Shenzhen was just a small fishing village.

  By 2019, the GDP of the three special economic zones of Shenzhen, Zhuhai, and Shantou will increase from 6.4% in 1980 to 30.7% in Guangdong Province; the GDP of Xiamen will increase from 640 million yuan in 1980 to 6384.02 in 2020. As the largest special economic zone in the country, Hainan has achieved leapfrog development and is accelerating the construction of a free trade zone and a free trade port... Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee and strong support from the whole country, the special economic zones have emancipated their minds, reformed and innovated, and courageously Responsible for mission and forge ahead, played the role of "experimental field" in system reform, played an important "window" role in opening to the outside world, and made major contributions to the country's reform and opening up and socialist modernization.

  From "bringing in" to "going out", from doing a good job in state-owned large and medium-sized enterprises, developing individual and private economy, deepening the reform of state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises, and developing a mixed ownership economy, from a single public ownership to a public ownership system as the mainstay, and the common development and persistence of multiple ownership economies "Two unshakable"... Reform and opening up brought not only institutional reforms, economic growth, and the opening of national doors, but also conceptual changes, ideological emancipation, and spiritual tempering.

Our party led the people to carry forward the great spirit of reform and opening up, and wrote a moving and magnificent anthem of struggle.

  From 1978 to 2020, my country’s GDP has increased from 367.9 billion yuan to more than 100 trillion yuan, and its share in the world’s GDP has risen from 1.8% to more than 17%; the total value of imports and exports of goods has increased from US$20.6 billion to over 100 trillion. 4.65 trillion U.S. dollars...In the past 40 years, from rural areas to cities, from coastal areas to inland areas, from economic fields to other fields, from domestic reforms to opening up to the outside world, the tide of reform and opening up has spurted from the depths of history and is surging toward national rejuvenation. To become the source of vitality for the development and progress of contemporary China.

  “The advancement of the country accomplishes personal dreams, and the steps of individuals expand the boundaries of opportunities, and ultimately arouse a shocking atmosphere of revival.” said Peng Kaiping, dean of the School of Social Sciences, Tsinghua University.

  General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: “The Chinese nation continues to move towards the future with a posture of reform and opening up. It has far-reaching historical origins and profound cultural foundations.” The spirit of reform and opening up is in the same line with the spirit of reform and opening up of the Chinese nation, and it is more than 40 years of greatness. Refining and sublimating in the struggle, reflecting the times, and being deeply rooted in the hearts of the people are the most precious spiritual wealth of the party and the people.

Facing the future, carrying out great struggles, building great projects, advancing great undertakings, and realizing great dreams, we must continue to carry forward the great spirit of reform and opening up.

Open roads in every mountain, build bridges when encountering water, and carry out reform and opening up to the end

  In the National Museum on the east side of Tiananmen Square, a glass box with a length of less than half a meter and a width of less than half a meter is housed with 109 red official seals, quietly telling a story of reform and opening up.

  On May 20, 2014, the Administrative Examination and Approval Bureau of Tianjin Binhai New Area was established. It consolidated 216 examination and approval responsibilities scattered in 18 different units into one department, and replaced 109 official seals with one official seal.

On November 15 of the same year, a black car drove into the National Museum with this box of discarded official seals.

  "These official seals are a vivid testimony of streamlining administration and delegating power, and they are also important cultural relics in the history of contemporary China's reform and opening up." Huang Zhenchun, then party secretary and deputy curator of the National Museum of China, has a deep memory of these 109 official seals.

  The official seal has been reduced and the approval has been reduced, but the reform has not stopped there.

Since last year, Tianjin Binhai New Area has continued to reform and tap its potential, and introduced measures such as "one enterprise, one certificate".

"One administrative license contains various approvals, and it saves us two months of approval time." Chen Xiao, the person in charge of a kindergarten, has a deep understanding.

  Reform and opening up can only be carried out, but not completed.

Entering the new era, high-quality economic development and the people's ever-increasing needs for a better life all call for greater intensity, more azimuth, and deeper reform and opening up.

Only the infinite power of bold experimentation, boldness, hard work, and hard work, bursting out the spirit of reform and opening up, can break through barriers, cut waves, and promote the cause of reform and opening up.

  "Inheriting and carrying forward the great spirit of reform and opening up is of great significance for continuing to advance reform and opening up in the new era." Zhang Zhanbin said.

  At the beginning of December 2012, shortly after the end of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping went to Beijing for the first time for an inspection. He chose Guangdong, which is the first in my country’s reform and opening up, and issued a statement of "reform will not stop, opening up will not stop." Call.

  16 parts, 60 specific tasks, 336 major measures... In November 2013, the "Decisions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Several Major Issues Concerning Comprehensive Deepening of Reform" passed by the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was just announced. Amazed.

  On the road of reform and opening up for more than 40 years, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party was epoch-making and ushered in a new era of reform and opening up and socialist modernization.

The Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was also epoch-making, realizing the transformation of reform from local exploration and ice breaking to system integration and comprehensive deepening, and created a new situation in my country's reform and opening up.

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has promoted comprehensive and deep reforms with greater political courage and wisdom, daring to bite hard bones, dare to venture into dangerous beaches, highlight system construction, and pay attention to the relevance and coupling of reforms. Real knife advances the reform, effectively eliminates the shortcomings of all aspects of the system and mechanism.

  Located on the banks of Shenzhen Bay, sucking the growth of the rain and dew of reform and opening up, Fangda Group's screen doors have been used in subways in more than 40 cities around the world.

"Without reform and opening up, there would be no us today. The great spirit of reform and opening up will always be a powerful force that inspires us to forge ahead." Fangda Group Chairman Xiong Jianming said with emotion.

  Thousands of mountains and rivers have passed, but still need to travel.

Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, we will carry forward the great spirit of reform and opening up, open roads in the mountains, build bridges in the mountains, and carry out reform and opening up to the end. A new and even greater miracle in the world!

  Our reporter Wu Qiuyu

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