Procuratorial organs further improve the level of law enforcement and the quality of case handling

  During the Tenth National People’s Congress, the national procuratorial organs adhered to the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thinking of the "Three Represents", thoroughly implemented the scientific outlook on development, established the procuratorial work theme of "strengthening legal supervision and safeguarding fairness and justice", and proposed " Intensify work, improve the level of law enforcement and the quality of case handling," the overall requirements of procuratorial work, severely crack down on serious criminal crimes, earnestly implement the criminal policy of both leniency and strictness, investigate and proactively prevent duty crimes in accordance with the law, strengthen legal supervision of litigation activities, and actively promote The procuratorial reforms such as the pilot of the people’s supervisor system have made new progress in various procuratorial work, and have made positive contributions to the implementation of the basic strategy of governing the country according to law and the comprehensive construction of a well-off society.

 Strengthen the supervision of penalty enforcement and supervision activities

  Jia Chunwang, born in May 1938 in Daxing, Beijing, joined the Communist Party of China in September 1962.

In December 2002, he served as Secretary of the Party Leadership Group and Deputy Chief Prosecutor of the Supreme People's Procuratorate.

From March 2003 to March 2008, he served as Party Secretary and Chief Procurator of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate.

  Comrade Jia Chunwang has always adhered to the party's absolute leadership over the procuratorial work, closely focusing on the overall situation of the party and the country, established the work theme of "strengthening legal supervision, safeguarding fairness and justice", and proposed "intensify work, improve the level of law enforcement and the quality of case handling." The overall requirements of procuratorial organs across the country are to lead the national procuratorial organs to firmly establish the law enforcement concept of “initiating procuratorial work for the public and law enforcement for the people”, strengthen legal supervision of litigation activities, actively promote procuratorial reform, pay close attention to the construction of procuratorial teams, and broaden the channels for accepting supervision. It has made outstanding contributions to the development and improvement of the socialist procuratorial system with Chinese characteristics, the implementation of the basic strategy of governing the country according to law, and the service guarantee to build a well-off society in an all-round way.

  In order to ensure the correct exercise of procuratorial powers in accordance with the law, and to be more consciously accepting external supervision, the Supreme People’s Procuratorate has launched a pilot project for the people’s supervisor system since September 2003, stipulating that in cases of official crimes, the case is to be withdrawn, not prosecuted, and suspects are not accepted for arrest. The "three types of cases" decided are all included in the supervision procedures of the people's supervisors.

In October 2010, this system was fully implemented by procuratorial organs across the country.

In October 2018, the people's supervisor system was formally written into the revised Organic Law of the People's Procuratorate.

In August 2019, the Supreme People's Procuratorate issued the "Regulations on the People's Procuratorate's Case Handling Activities Accepting the Supervision of the People's Supervisors", clarifying that the scope of supervision by the people's supervisors covers criminal, civil, administrative, and public interest litigation "four major prosecutions" and other types of cases.

  The people's supervisor system is an important system design for procuratorial organs to consciously accept the supervision of the people and guarantee the orderly participation of the people in justice, which vividly interprets the people's character of the people's procuratorial system.

  In response to the problems in commutation, parole, and medical treatment on parole, in May 2004, the Supreme People's Procuratorate, together with the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Justice, organized special inspection activities for commutation, parole, and medical treatment on parole.

By the end of 2004, procuratorial organs across the country had cleared 1.209 million cases of commutation, parole, and medical parole, and put forward more than 20,000 corrective opinions on problems found during inspections.

In 2005, the Supreme People’s Procuratorate deployed in some local procuratorial organs to carry out key inspections and supervisions on the execution of sentence reduction, parole, and temporary out-of-prison sentence for criminals of duty-related crimes, criminals involving gangs, crimes and drugs, etc., and achieved good results. .

  In 2007, the Supreme People’s Procuratorate successively issued the "Procedural Provisions on the Legal Supervision of Sentence Reduction and Parole" and "Opinions on Strengthening the Inspection and Supervision of the Deregulation and Omission of Penalty Execution Offenders", which promoted the improvement of the quality and effectiveness of the supervision of penal execution and supervision activities. .

 The Supreme Procurator's public selection of senior prosecutors

  In order to conscientiously implement the Party Central Committee’s decision and deployment on the reform of the cadre and personnel system, and in-depth implementation of the talent-enforcement strategy, in 2004 and 2006, the Supreme People’s Procuratorate used open selection methods to select senior prosecutors for local prosecutors at all levels.

After continuous exploration, the selection process of procuratorial organs has gradually matured and improved.

In August 2008, the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee, the Supreme People’s Court, and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate jointly issued the "Interim Measures for the Public Selection of Newly-appointed Judges and Prosecutors", absorbing the experience of public selection by procuratorial organs.

  Open selection is conducive to the construction of a fair, just, and dynamic selection and employment mechanism, and provides a solid guarantee for procuratorial reform and career development.

  In June 2004, the Supreme People's Procuratorate issued the "Regulations on Disciplinary Measures for Prosecutors."

There are 118 articles in the "Regulations", which clarify the disciplinary requirements such as political discipline, organizational and personnel discipline, case-handling discipline, and clean conduct of prosecutions that procuratorial personnel should strictly abide by. It is to standardize the behavior of procuratorial personnel and ensure that procuratorial organs and procuratorial personnel perform their duties correctly in accordance with the law. Important system.

In March 2007 and October 2016, the Supreme People's Procuratorate revised and revised the Regulations respectively.

  The implementation of the "Regulations" plays a very important role in implementing strict procuratorial responsibilities, building a strong procuratorial team, and promoting the construction of party style and clean government and anti-corruption work in procuratorial organs.

  From June 29 to 30, 2006, the twelfth national procuratorial work conference was held in Beijing.

At the meeting, Comrade Jia Chunwang made a report entitled "In-depth study and implementation of the "Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Further Strengthening the Work of the People's Courts and People's Procuratorates" to advance the procuratorial cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics."

The meeting summarized the procuratorial work since the eleventh national procuratorial work conference, and made comprehensive arrangements for effectively exerting the functions of procuratorial organs and maintaining social harmony, stability, fairness and justice.

  This meeting was held in the first year of the implementation of the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" and the Party Central Committee issued the "Decision" in the context of continuing to advance the socialist procuratorial work with Chinese characteristics, serving to ensure the construction of a harmonious socialist society and comprehensive construction. A well-off society draws a blueprint for procuratorial work.

 Implement the criminal justice policy of both leniency and strictness

  In October 2006, the Sixth Plenary Session of the Sixteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China made the "Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Several Major Issues in Building a Socialist Harmonious Society", emphasizing the implementation of a criminal justice policy of both leniency and strictness.

In January 2007, the Supreme People’s Procuratorate issued the "Several Opinions on the Implementation of the Criminal Justice Policy of Temper Justice with Mercy in Procuratorial Work."

Procuratorates across the country adhere to the principles of comprehensive control, differentiated treatment, strict law, and focus on results. While severely cracking down on serious criminal crimes in accordance with the law, they also deal with minor criminal cases, minor criminal cases caused by contradictions among the people, and first offenders in minor crimes. Accidental offenders shall be dealt with with leniency in accordance with the law, so that when leniency is lenient, and strict is strict.

  Implementing a criminal justice policy of both leniency and strictness is conducive to punishing and preventing crimes, resolving social contradictions, maximizing harmony factors, reducing disharmony factors, and providing powerful judicial guarantees for building a harmonious socialist society.

  From May 10 to 12, 2007, the inaugural meeting of the Procuratorate Research Association of the Chinese Law Society and the 8th National Procuratorial Theory Research Conference was held in Beijing.

The meeting passed the constitution of the Procuratorate Research Association, and elected the president of the Procuratorate Research Association.

  The establishment of the Procuratorial Science Research Association marked that my country's procuratorial theory research has entered a new stage of development.

At present, the Procuratorate Research Institute has established professional committees such as basic procuratorial theory, criminal prosecution, civil prosecution, administrative prosecution, public interest litigation prosecution, juvenile prosecution, criminal execution prosecution, case management and other professional committees, which have become the innovative development of socialist prosecution with Chinese characteristics. The "think tank" and "think tank" of the People's Republic of China have provided strong theoretical and intellectual support for the development and improvement of the socialist procuratorial system with Chinese characteristics.

  Our reporter Cai Changchun, our reporter's trainee reporter Yang Jiayi