What is polycystic ovaries?

And what are its symptoms?

How is PCOS diagnosed?

Do girls get polycystic ovaries?

What is the treatment of polycystic ovaries for a woman who wants to become pregnant?

What if she is not planning to get pregnant?

The answers are in this report.

 What is polycystic ovaries?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which the ovaries produce an abnormal amount of androgens, which are male sex hormones that are usually found in women in small amounts.

 The name Polycystic Ovary Syndrome describes small 'cysts', which are fluid-filled sacs that form in the ovaries.

However, some women with this disorder do not have cysts, while some women without this disorder develop cysts.

Polycystic ovaries symptoms

  • Irregular menstruation

  • Missing a period

  • light menstrual cycle

  • Large ovaries or have many cysts

  • Excess body hair, including the chest, stomach and back (hirsutism)

  • Weight gain, especially around the abdomen

  • young love

  • Oily skin

  • Baldness similar to male pattern baldness

  • hair lightness

  • infertility

  • Skin tags on the neck or armpits

  • Dark or thickened patches of skin on the back of the neck, armpits, and under the breast

Causes of polycystic ovaries

The exact cause of PCOS is not clear.

Many women with PCOS have insulin resistance;

This means that the body cannot use insulin well, as insulin levels build up in the body and may lead to elevated androgen levels.

Obesity can also increase insulin levels and worsen PCOS symptoms.

PCOS may also run in families. It is common for sisters or a mother and daughter to have PCOS.

What factors increase the risk of PCOS?

A woman may be more likely to have PCOS if her mother or sister has it.

A woman may be more likely to develop it if she has insulin resistance or obesity.

How is PCOS diagnosed?

Health care providers will ask about the woman's medical history and symptoms, and she'll also undergo a physical exam, possibly including a pelvic exam.

This test checks the health of the reproductive organs, both inside and outside the body, according to "Johns Hopkins Medicine".

Some symptoms of PCOS are similar to symptoms caused by other health problems.

For this reason, there is the possibility of undergoing tests such as ultrasound and blood tests.

Do girls get polycystic ovaries?

It is common for women to discover they have PCOS when they have trouble conceiving, but it often begins shortly after their first period, at age 11 or 12, and can also occur in their twenties or thirties, according to the American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For disease control and prevention.

Polycystic ovaries treatment

PCOS treatment depends on a number of factors;

This may include the age, severity of symptoms, and the patient's general health.

The type of treatment may also depend on whether you want to become pregnant in the future.

Generally, there are two approaches to treating PCOS:

Treatment of polycystic ovaries for women who want to become pregnant

1- Change your diet and do more physical activities

Eating a healthy diet and more physical activity can help you lose weight and reduce symptoms, which helps your body use insulin more efficiently, lower blood sugar levels, and may help you ovulate.

2- Medications that stimulate ovulation

Medications can help the ovaries release eggs naturally.

Bearing in mind that these medications also have certain risks, they can increase the chance of multiple births (twins or more).

It can cause ovarian hyperstimulation. This occurs when the ovaries release too many hormones that can cause symptoms such as flatulence and pelvic pain.

Treatment of polycystic ovaries for women who are not planning to become pregnant

1- birth control pills

These help control menstrual cycles, lower androgen levels, and reduce acne.

2- diabetes medication

This is often used to reduce insulin resistance in PCOS.

It may also help reduce androgen levels, slow hair growth, and help you ovulate more regularly.

3- Change your diet and get more active

Eating a healthy diet and more physical activity can help you lose weight and reduce symptoms, which helps your body use insulin more efficiently, lower blood sugar levels, and may help you ovulate.

Treatment for PCOS may include medications to treat other symptoms, such as medications to reduce hair growth or acne.

What are the complications of PCOS?

Women with PCOS are more likely to develop some serious health problems, including:

  • Type 2 diabetes

  • Hypertension

  • Cardiovascular problems

  • Cervical cancer

  • Women with PCOS often have problems conceiving (fertility)