Deepen pragmatic cooperation and temper actual combat skills

  -looking back on the Sino-Russian "Joint Maritime-2021" exercise and the first joint maritime cruise

  Cross the Tsushima Strait and exercise in the Sea of ​​Japan; cross the Tsugaru Strait and cruise the western Pacific...

  Recently, the Chinese Navy’s Nanchang, Kunming, Binzhou, Liuzhou, and Dongpinghu ships have set sail one after another, forming a fleet of ships and rushing to the open ocean.

From October 14th to 17th, the formation and Russian ships successfully completed the Sino-Russian "Sea Joint-2021" exercise in Peter the Great Bay; from 17th to 23rd, 10 ships of the Chinese and Russian navies carried 6 carrier-based helicopters Formed a joint formation and successfully organized and implemented the first joint maritime cruise in the Sea of ​​Japan, the Western Pacific and the East China Sea.

  Fighting the wind and the waves and breaking into the ocean, the two navies have sailed all the way, exercised all the way, exchanged all the way, and used pragmatic measures to further develop the comprehensive strategic partnership of cooperation between China and Russia in the new era.

In the two joint operations of joint exercises and joint cruises, the Chinese naval fleet not only gained experience, continued friendship, but also opened up history, leaving behind a series of shining trails.

One of the keywords of shiny trails


  Looking back on this mission, the most intuitive feeling is "new"-there are new players in the equipment, new expansion of the exercises, and new breakthroughs in joint operations.

  What the outside world is most concerned about is that new equipment such as the first ship of the Type 055 destroyer, Nanchang, went abroad for the first time to participate in the joint exercise.

The Kunming ship, Binzhou ship, Liuzhou ship, and Dongpinghu ship that China participated in the exercise are all new ships that have been listed after 2010.

Sending a formation of new-type main battle ships to participate in the Sino-Russian maritime joint exercise reflects the development, self-confidence and openness of the Chinese Navy.

The Russian navy dispatched the "Admiral Tributz", the "Admiral Panteleev" large anti-submarine ships, and the "Resonant" and "Ardar Tsidenzapov" new frigates. Waiting for the main battleship.

The lineup of the participating forces of both sides shows that the traditional friendship and strategic mutual trust between the two militaries of China and Russia have reached a new height.

  The exercise continued the past in the course setting, but the breadth and depth have been newly expanded.

For example, in the joint anti-submarine course, the Chinese anti-submarine patrol aircraft took off from a certain domestic airport and flew over the Russian airspace to conduct anti-submarine search for the first time in the target waters of the exercise. Carrying helicopters and surface ships coordinated anti-submarine.

  After the "Joint Maritime-2021" exercise, the ships of the two countries did not return to the sea as they did in the past, but formed a formation to start the first joint maritime cruise.

Ten warships including the Nanchang ship of the Chinese Navy and the command ship "Marshal Krylov" of the Russian Navy sailed formidable to the ocean.

  Crossing the Sea of ​​Japan, passing through the Tsugaru Strait, going east and entering the Western Pacific, going all the way south, and then going west across the Osumi Strait into the East China Sea... The Sino-Russian joint formation cruises all the way, trains all the way, joint navigation, joint maneuvering, and actual use of weapons Waiting for the subjects to take turns in the vast ocean.

Russia's "Admiral Tributz" and "Admiral Panteleev" large anti-submarine ships, and the Chinese ships Binzhou and Liuzhou launched several deep rocket bombs to attack underwater targets.

This joint cruise has shown to the outside world that China and Russia have made new improvements in the level of military coordination and exchanges.

Shining Tracks Keyword 2


  Many photojournalists on board lamented: In this joint performance, it is really difficult to photograph the spectacular scenes of the Sino-Russian sea formation.

  After the joint exercise entered the actual force stage, the Chinese and Russian ships immediately entered a state of combat. The distance between the front and rear of the ships continued to increase based on the maritime situation, and the formation was no longer as dense as before.

Standing on the bow of the Nanchang ship, one camera can only fit two or three warships.

  This new situation, Li Lie, the Chinese commander, called it "forms scattered and gathered together."

He said that the shift from dense to loose formation of joint performances is a scientific choice to move towards actual combat.

The formation seems to be scattered, but the information and firepower are more concentrated than before, the situation is more accurate, the sea and air space under control is wider, and the combat effectiveness is stronger.

  Formation of troops based on actual combat requirements is not uncommon during joint exercises.

During the formation air defense exercise, Chinese and Russian ships quickly switched formations in response to incoming air targets according to actual combat needs. From single column to ring to double column, they changed their formations several times.

Entering the anchorage at night, the ships of both sides also dropped anchor in the battle formation and organized anchorage defense.

  What is the state of future wars? What is the state of exercises.

From passing through the mine threat zone and forming air defenses, to firing the main artillery against the sea, and anchoring defenses, each course has a typical combat scenario.

  During the day and night joint anti-submarine exercise, the formation happened to encounter a cold wave when conducting submarine search operations late at night. The maximum wind at sea reached level 10 and the wave height was three to four meters. The ships of both sides sailing against the wind undulated up and down in the wind and waves.

Sudden changes in the environment have a greater impact on sonar detection, making anti-submarine drills more difficult.

The Chinese and Russian navies seized the opportunity to sharpen the command and operational skills of their officers and soldiers in an actual combat environment.

  Every night during the exercise, the Chinese commander will lead the staff to conduct a review-style review, find problems, sum up experience, and actively learn from the Russian training and tactics to improve their ability and quality.

Shining Track Keyword 3


  Affected by the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the exercise did not set up a joint command organization on the shore. The personnel of both sides reduced face-to-face discussions and exchanges. Instead, they set up a director's department and command post on their respective command ships.

As a result, many new changes have taken place in the "Chinese military account" of the Chinese formation.

  The command structure is quieter.

In the Chinese command post, not only the number of personnel has been reduced, but the sounds of officers and soldiers clicking the mouse and tapping the keyboard are mostly heard. Almost all the planning and arrangement of the joint performances are carried out quietly.

  Yu Tao, the combat staff of the Chinese command post, said: “The navy’s main battleships are becoming more and more informatized. As the navy’s latest main battle platform, Nanchang is a networked command platform based on modern combat systems. Complete information is built within the formation. With the integrated network, the command at all levels and the combat units have realized situation sharing and efficient mutual transmission."

  The exercise plan has become thinner.

In important places such as the Chinese command post and the Nanchang ship’s cockpit, a large-scale force action control map was posted. During the joint exercise, the ship routes, time nodes, exercise content, weather conditions and other elements were all marked on it. Intuitive and concise, so that everyone can grasp the dynamics of the exercise in real time.

  The exercise plan was condensed into a big chart. This change made the officers and soldiers feel deeply.

"A picture is worth a thousand words, simplicity is not simple." Wang Jianqiang, chief of staff of the Chinese formation, said that the exercise planning has moved from the text era to the graphic era, which resolved the inconvenience caused by language communication between China and Russia and made situation handling more efficient.

  Coordination is smooth on the occasion.

Some tactical details in the joint exercise need to be determined on the spot. In addition, the directors of both sides will have problems at any time, which will test the ability of the front-line organization and command staff to respond to changes.

For example, on October 15th, 7 exercises with closely connected operational elements were arranged throughout the day. The tactical details are changing at any time. At the "last moment before the gun pops out", the target may still change.

  But no matter how it changes, the officers and soldiers can respond calmly and deceive each other.

Li Lie, the Chinese commander, said that the exercise highlighted mission-based command, and the combat units participating in the exercise were modularized and grouped, and commanders at all levels could flexibly combine according to actual needs to improve the quality and efficiency of the use of troops.

Shining Track Keyword 4


  On the morning of October 19, local time, the Chinese and Russian naval fleets were on a joint cruise in the vast western Pacific.

The Nanchang ship held a special ceremony for the newly aboard the "post-00" officers and soldiers-an ocean coming-of-age ceremony with the theme "Heroes Chasing Dreams and Swords to the Ocean".

The officers and soldiers who participated in the ceremony lined up neatly on the deck, facing the red flag of North Korea, solemnly swear: "Strengthen the sea and make great contributions to the ocean!"

  When taking the oath, Wen Hanchao, a recruit born in 2000, had tears in his eyes: "Ten thousand tons of warships, ten thousand tons of responsibility. I was very proud of the opportunity to go abroad to participate in the Sino-Russian joint exercise and the first joint sea cruise when I boarded the ship. It will be unforgettable for my life."

  Such a ceremony is a microcosm of the flexibility, diversity, and vigor of formation political work.

  "From the beginning of the mission, we have focused on playing the lifeline role of political work throughout the entire process of the exercise." The formation commander told reporters that they had organized the formation of forces into reality and focused on "short, small, new and lively." Political work is embedded in every link of the task in the form of a crack to ensure that the political work changes with the change of tasks and extends with the extension of the trajectory.

  Life is also reflected in the characteristic cultural activities of each ship in the formation.

The Binzhou ship’s "Sound of Joint Exercise" broadcast, the Liuzhou ship’s deck sports meeting, and the Dongping Lake ship’s "Ocean Birthday Party", although different in content and in different formats, all played a role in regulating the emotions of officers and soldiers and enhancing their combat effectiveness.

  Participating in joint military exercises and joint patrols in the open seas and oceans, missions are frequently changed, and officers and soldiers are in a state of tension for a long time.

Powerful ideological and political work runs through the entire process, continues to inspire the dynamism of officers and soldiers, fully mobilizes enthusiasm, and gathers the powerful spiritual force of loyal mission, bravery, and contribution to the ocean, which provides a strong guarantee for the successful completion of this mission.

  Above: During the exercise, the main guns of the Chinese Nanchang ship fired at sea targets.

  The pictures in this edition are taken by special correspondents Li Tang and Sun Fei, and correspondents Sun Jingang and Wang You

Li Tang Sun Fei Han Cheng