The criticism of the social media giant "Facebook", especially after the appearance of the leaked information, the former employee of Facebook, Frances Hogan, and her testimony before Congress recently.

In recent years, the American company used to be the focus of bad news, and scandals and accusations followed it, starting with the suspicion of its exploitation in rigging the 2016 US presidential elections and undermining democracy, to accusing it of violating privacy, through, of course, accusations of spreading hatred and exposing teenagers to many dangers due to the use of its products.

But what is striking, after the recent leaks case and the hearing, is that the United States, through its media, has begun to prepare for the overthrow of Zuckerberg's media empire.

This fact is confirmed by a group of headlines published in major American newspapers last week, and this proves beyond any doubt that the American media have put Facebook and its activities under the microscope of the fourth authority.

Here are some of these headlines and an analysis of what they addressed about the American company:

Inside the Big Facebook Leaks Scandal

This report, written by Ben Smith for The New York Times, talks about the new nature of the issues of major leaks, and how the role of the media and its treatment of leakers has changed.

In this context, the report describes how Frances Hogan, a Facebook leaker, created a network of journalists that was started by journalist Jeff Hortz, the technology writer for The Wall Street Journal, who broke the scandal in cooperation with Francis.

Leak of information and former Facebook employee Frances Hogan and her testimony before Congress (Reuters)

The main information revealed by the leaks included how Facebook executives dealt with the politicization of lies, to serve the interests of some diplomats, in many cases, the company chose to allow disinformation to spread widely, to keep more people on its platform.

This report revealed the technology used by Hogan to transmit information to a number of media outlets by a group of journalists that were associated with them through the Slack application, and they coordinated the campaign to show the information to the public, which finally led to Francis Hogan sitting in the testimony chair before Congress in order to present What it has information about suspicious Facebook technologies.

The pretext of "freedom of expression"

A report shared by several writers in the Washington Post said that the social media giant has shown on several occasions to favor growth and followership over information integrity, validation, and its impact on societies.

The report invoked various models, for example, information about vaccination policy in the United States, in which Zuckerberg claimed in his testimony before Congress that Facebook was removing false posts about vaccination by a large percentage of 95% before it reached viewers, while reports say The Ministry of the Interior stated that the percentage is only 5% and that despite the administration's knowledge of this, it would have preferred to keep these publications because they increase interaction on the platform, and the argument it is promoting in this is to preserve "freedom of expression."

The CEO of Facebook is a champion of freedom of expression in America, while in other countries he is with governments restricting opponents (French)

In another contradictory example, reports say that Facebook has not been tolerant of freedom of expression when it relates to another society, as it is restricting opponents in compliance with the demands of the ruling Communist Party in Vietnam, and censoring anti-government opponents for fear of blocking the platform from the Internet in one of the most Asian markets profit for facebook.

The report says that in America, the CEO of Facebook is a champion of freedom of expression, and is reluctant to remove even harmful and misleading content from the platform, but in Vietnam he concedes and restricts freedom of expression, where upholding the freedom of expression rights of people who question government leaders can cost the platform more than billion dollars in annual revenue.

Arabic Content Monitoring

In addition to these two addresses, there were reports of Facebook's failure to monitor Arabic content, and leaked internal reports showed that managers at Facebook knew the merits of this problem.

In one of the reports sent to a manager, a group of human publications auditors called for an increase in the number of employees in this department who speak Arabic in several dialects to help the department curb the huge flood of hate messages they receive from various countries that neither the auditors nor artificial intelligence can curb.

But the administration decided to ignore this request, and to maintain this status for a large segment of Arabic-speaking users.

Facebook's failure to monitor Arabic content was one of the recent leaks (communication sites)

According to a 59-page memo, only 6% of hateful content in Arabic was discovered on Instagram before it made its way to the Facebook-owned photo-sharing platform.

This compares to a 40% removal rate on Facebook.

The memo says that in a survey, Egyptian users told the company that they were afraid to post political opinions on the platform for fear of being arrested or attacked online.

In Iraq, where violent clashes between Sunni and Shiite militias were rapidly escalating in a country plagued by political differences, so-called cyber armies fought off obscene and prohibited materials, including pictures of naked children, on each other's Facebook pages in an attempt to remove competitors from the global platform. .

All these leaks and reports undoubtedly prove that the impact of the platform has gone beyond being a means of communication between users who share common interests, to become a means and a political tool for spreading division and the language of hate in societies, even democratic ones.

The end is coming

It seems that this focus directed by several media outlets on the details of the recent leaks and showing the inaction of the Facebook administration will not stop until there are clear positions on the platform or its management, and in addition to the idea of ​​the Facebook president to change the name of the company, the recent news confirms that several countries have imposed financial fines. And sanctions that the Facebook empire is about to decline.

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