On October 21, German Defense Minister Karenbauer was asked about NATO’s plan to contain Russia in the Baltic and Black Seas, including the use of nuclear weapons, saying that it is necessary to “make it clear to Russia that Western countries are prepared to use such methods.” .

  Such remarks immediately aroused a strong response from the Russian side.

Many departments, including the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of National Defense, intensively expressed their views on this.

  Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov stated on the 25th that Karenbauer's remarks were completely "fantasy."

  On the same day, Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zakharova expressed the hope that Germany can find a sensible leader to restrain its defense minister and not recklessly want to test the reliability of the Russian armed forces.

She also pointed out that Russia has not threatened NATO, but NATO still aims to contain Russia.

The word "adversary" has been firmly rooted in NATO's dictionary, which proves that NATO wants to return to the Cold War era.

  On the 23rd, Russian Defense Minister Shoigu also responded to Karenbauer, warning the German Defense Minister to be aware of the consequences of NATO's assembly of troops near the Russian border.

  Newsletter link>>The game and contest of nuclear power between the United States and Russia

  The confrontation between Germany and Russia on nuclear deterrence actually reflects the contradictions and rivalries between Western countries led by the United States and Russia.

In fact, the battle between the United States and Russia regarding nuclear weapons began as early as the Soviet era. As the two major military blocs in the world at that time, NATO and the Warsaw Pact, the military, economic, and political struggles between the Soviet Union and the United States never subsided. , The contest of nuclear power is undoubtedly a crucial part of the game between the two countries.

To this day, the US-Russian nuclear game continues.

  The U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a nuclear arms race during the Cold War

  The United States succeeded in developing nuclear weapons ahead of the Soviet Union and dropped an atomic bomb on Japan in August 1945.

  The Soviet Union successfully exploded its first atomic bomb in 1949, breaking the US nuclear monopoly. At the same time, it was dragged into the nuclear arms race.

  Cuban Missile Crisis

  During this period, the United States and the Soviet Union slid to the brink of nuclear war several times.

In 1962, a U.S. military plane discovered a missile launch site in Cuba during reconnaissance over Cuba. The then U.S. President Kennedy immediately imposed an armed blockade on Cuba. This is also the famous "Cuba Missile Crisis" in history.

  The then US President Kennedy: If a nuclear missile was launched from Cuba and attacked any country in the Western Hemisphere, the US would consider it an attack by the Soviet Union and launch a full-scale retaliatory attack against the Soviet Union.

  Although the crisis lasted only 13 days, during this period, the United States and the Soviet Union wandered around the nuclear button many times, bringing mankind closer to the brink of destruction than ever before. In the end, the United States and the Soviet Union compromised with each other to resolve the nuclear crisis.

  After the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Soviet Union began to expand its nuclear arsenal. The U.S. was consumed by the quagmire of the Vietnam War. By the end of the 1960s, the nuclear forces of the United States and the Soviet Union were basically in balance.

  In the 1980s, after a long arms race, the two countries had a second or even third nuclear strike force.

In the competition between the two countries, the number of nuclear weapons in the United States reached a peak of 27,519 in 1975, and the number of nuclear weapons in the Soviet Union reached the peak of the Cold War with 45,000 in 1986.

  The United States and Russia have signed a nuclear weapons restriction treaty

  In the course of the arms race, the United States and the Soviet Union gradually realized that "there will be no victor in a nuclear war," and began to shift the application of nuclear weapons to nuclear deterrence.

  In 1987, the United States and the Soviet Union signed the Intermediate-Range Missile Treaty, which imposed restrictions on some missiles. This was an important step taken by the United States and the Soviet Union to limit the arms race.

After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Russia inherited most of the original Soviet nuclear power, and the two countries also signed a series of nuclear restriction treaties.

  In 2010, the United States and Russia signed the "New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty" aimed at limiting the number of strategic nuclear weapons deployed by the two countries.

  "Intermediate-Range-Range Treaty" becomes more difficult for the US and Russia to control arms

  However, after the Trump administration came to power, the United States announced that it would suspend the implementation of the treaty obligations on the grounds that "Russia has long violated the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty".

  US President Trump at the time: Russia did not abide by the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty. We have to terminate this treaty and we have to withdraw.

  Subsequently, Russia also announced the suspension of the implementation of the "Intermediate Range Treaty."

The "Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty," which has always played an important role, has become a dead letter, making relations between the United States and Russia tense again.

The two sides have stepped up research and development and upgrade of new weapons, and arms control has once again become more difficult.

  After the failure of the Russian-US "Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty", the "New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty" became the only major arms control treaty between the two countries.

The two countries agreed in February this year to extend the validity of the treaty for five years.

Both parties intend to use these five years to reach a new arms control treaty.

  In April of this year, Russia and the United States exchanged information on the number of their respective ballistic missiles and nuclear warheads.

As of March 1, 2021, Russia has 1,456 nuclear warheads in deployment state; 510 nuclear vehicles; 1,357 nuclear warheads deployed in the United States; and 651 nuclear vehicles.

Keywords: