The United Nations warns: the world is heading to catastrophic levels of global warming

A United Nations report says the world is still headed for catastrophic levels of global warming, despite a series of pledges to combat climate change.  

According to the study released on Monday ahead of the climate summit scheduled in the Scottish city of Glasgow, if countries do not quickly set more aggressive targets for reducing emissions, the global temperature will increase by 2.7 degrees Celsius by 2100.  

This projected increase would far exceed the goal of keeping global temperature rise below 2°C and the better 1.5°C set in 2015 in the Paris Climate Agreement, to which all countries are signatories, according to Bloomberg News.    

The report considered that a global temperature increase of 2.7 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels would constitute a catastrophic reshaping of the planet.

"We are nowhere near where science says we should be," Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, said in a statement.  

Espinosa called on all participating countries to significantly step up their efforts.

"Failure to meet the temperature targets will lead to a world lacking stability and endless suffering, especially among those who were the lowest emitters of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere," she added.  

A report issued by the United Nations last August indicated that a rise in global temperatures of only 2 degrees Celsius will cause extreme heat waves to occur 14 times in a century, compared to the current occurrence twice in every century.

The report indicated that agricultural droughts will occur with an increase of 2.4 times compared to the present time.

He added that the seas will continue to put pressure on coastal cities.

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