Continuously make new and greater contributions to the noble cause of the United Nations
Continuously make new and greater contributions to the noble cause of the United Nations
——Written on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the restoration of the legal seat of the United Nations by the People’s Republic of China
——Written on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the restoration of the legal seat of the United Nations by the People’s Republic of China
On October 25, 1971, the 26th United Nations General Assembly passed Resolution 2758 with an overwhelming majority of 76 votes in favor, 35 votes against, and 17 abstentions, deciding to restore all rights of the People’s Republic of China in the United Nations.
This is a major victory for New China’s diplomacy and a victory for the righteous forces of the world.
Over the past 50 years, multilateralism has developed rapidly and the world pattern has profoundly changed.
The collective rise of emerging market countries and developing countries represented by China has greatly increased the power to maintain peace and development.
China firmly upholds the international system with the United Nations as the core, the international order based on international law, and the core role of the United Nations in international affairs. It has written the legend of human progress through its own development and promoted world peace and development. Make more and more contributions.
Over the past 50 years, the interests of all countries have become increasingly interrelated, and their destinies have become more closely linked.
The changes in a century and the epidemic of the century are intertwined and superimposed, and mankind is faced with a variety of risks and challenges.
Global challenges require a strong global response.
China advocates building a community with a shared future for mankind, and always advocates using the United Nations as a platform to build international consensus and jointly respond to challenges. This is the right choice that conforms to the trend of the times.
"We will continue to actively promote China's cooperation with the United Nations to a new level, and continue to make new and greater contributions to the noble cause of the United Nations." In a speech at the general debate of the 76th United Nations General Assembly, President Xi Jinping made a clear message to the world. Important announcement.
The sea is flowing, and it is more to stride the right way in the world.
Standing at a new historical starting point, China will continue to fully participate in UN affairs, fully defend the status of the United Nations, fully uphold the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, hold high the banner of true multilateralism, and join hands with all progressive forces in the world to build a community with a shared future for mankind. Keep moving forward.
This is the solemn promise of a century-old party, and it is the historical consciousness and responsibility of the times of a responsible big country.
The unswerving pursuit of peace and development is an important source of power for the development and progress of human civilization.
In 1945, the world's anti-fascist war was won. The human beings who had just emerged from the catastrophe struggled to find a way to peace and progress, "to save future generations from the scourge of war that the present generation has experienced twice."
In 1945, the "United Nations Charter" was formally signed and the United Nations was established. This was a milestone in the cause of peaceful development of mankind.
The Communist Party of China is concerned about the future and destiny of mankind, and from the very beginning it has highly recognized the ideals of the United Nations.
On the eve of the founding of the United Nations, Comrade Mao Zedong emphasized at the Seventh National Congress of the Communist Party of China: “The Communist Party of China welcomes the United Nations Congress in San Francisco. The Communist Party of China has sent its representatives to the Chinese delegation to attend the San Francisco Conference to express the will of the Chinese people.” The representative of the Communist Party of China, Dong Biwu, overcome all difficulties. He traveled from four continents to San Francisco to participate in the United Nations Constitutional Conference, and solemnly signed his name on the "United Nations Charter" with a brush.
However, due to the obstruction of the United States and other Western countries under the Cold War environment, the People's Republic of China was once excluded from the United Nations for a long time.
In order to fight for China's legal rights, the Chinese government and the Chinese people have launched a "untiring and untiring struggle", which has won the common support of justice-hosting countries in the world.
The call for the restoration of the new China's legal seat in the United Nations eventually converged into an unstoppable wave of times.
From the two-minute applause in the United Nations Conference Hall when the General Assembly Resolution 2758 was passed, to the cheers that echoed through the venue when the Chinese delegation first attended the United Nations General Assembly meeting, the smiles and hugs that representatives of various countries gave the Chinese delegation, 57 countries Representatives of the People’s Republic of China took turns on stage to give welcoming speeches for nearly six hours, all confirming that New China’s return to the United Nations is a popular and general trend.
As the then Deputy Head of the Hungarian Delegation and Deputy Foreign Minister Tsatordai Karoy pointed out in his welcome speech in Chinese, no force can stop the advancement of the great China.
"The restoration of the legal rights of the People's Republic of China is indispensable for the maintenance of the UN Charter and the undertakings that the UN organizations must engage in under the Charter." Resolution 2758 of the UN General Assembly clearly demonstrates the great historical significance of New China's restoration of the legal seat of the UN.
The then Secretary-General of the United Nations, U Dan, pointed out: “Without the People’s Republic of China, the United Nations would never become a real United Nations.” New China has restored its legal seat in the United Nations. The Chinese people, who account for nearly a quarter of the world’s population, have a real representative in the United Nations. Truly become the most universal, representative and authoritative intergovernmental international organization.
New China's restoration of its legal seat in the United Nations opened a new chapter of cooperation between China and the United Nations.
China has continuously integrated into the international system with courage and courage, joined almost all universal intergovernmental international organizations, and participated in more than 600 international conventions and amendments.
As the only developing country among the permanent members of the UN Security Council, China has always followed the spirit of the UN Charter to speak fair and do business, and play an important role in safeguarding international fairness and justice.
"Any major international issue cannot be resolved without the participation of the People's Republic of China." This is the view expressed by the representatives of Albania and other 17 countries to the United Nations in July 1971.
The 50-year peers fully demonstrated that this view is extremely predictable.
From the first dispatch of 5 military observers to the UN Truce Supervision Organization in 1990, it has now become the second largest contributor to UN peacekeeping operations and the largest troop-contributing country among permanent members of the Security Council. China has participated in nearly 30 UN peacekeeping operations so far. A total of more than 50,000 peacekeepers have been dispatched, and it has been hailed as "a key force in UN peacekeeping operations."
China actively explores and implements solutions to hot issues with Chinese characteristics in line with the spirit of the UN Charter, adheres to dialogue without confrontation, tolerance without exclusiveness, and actively builds a new type of international relations featuring mutual respect, fairness, justice, and win-win cooperation, and expands the convergence of interests Point to draw the largest concentric circle.
China actively integrates into the world economic system, earnestly fulfills its commitment to join the World Trade Organization, continuously improves the level of opening up, vigorously promotes economic globalization, and injects strong impetus into world economic growth.
As the largest developing country, China took the lead in achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goals and achieved the poverty reduction goals set by the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development 10 years ahead of schedule. The poverty reduction population accounted for more than 70% of the global poverty reduction population during the same period.
Since 2006, China's contribution to global economic growth has ranked first in the world for 15 consecutive years.
China closely connects its own development with the development of the world.
China is actively carrying out South-South cooperation, providing nearly 400 billion yuan of development assistance to 166 countries and international organizations, implementing nearly 3,000 complete assistance projects, dispatching more than 600,000 aid workers, and implementing the United Nations Millennium Development for more than 120 developing countries The goal is to provide strong support.
The "China United Nations Cooperation Position Paper" shows that up to now, China's joint construction of the "Belt and Road" initiative has received positive responses from 141 countries and 32 international organizations, which has effectively promoted the common development of all parties.
"China is a leader in global development and plays a leading role in major global agendas." The head of an international organization praised it.
China does everything it can to help the world economy develop.
In order to save the world economy, China firmly pledged not to devalue the renminbi when the Asian financial crisis broke out in 1997, and resolutely adopted a responsible macro policy after the international financial crisis in 2008; to open up new prospects for mutually beneficial cooperation, China advocated the establishment of Asian infrastructure Investment banks and other financial institutions have created international economic and trade cooperation platforms such as the Canton Fair, the Service Trade Fair, and the China International Import Expo, so that countries can take the "express" and "freeriders" of China's development... The US "Fortune" magazine commented: "China provides the world with A series of important international public products have allowed many countries to see who is their reliable partner at a critical moment."
Small wisdom governs things, great wisdom governs systems.
China has always held high the banner of true multilateralism, firmly upholds the international system with the United Nations as the core and the international order based on international law, firmly upholds the legitimate rights and interests of developing countries, unswervingly speaks for developing countries, and firmly promotes global governance. The system is developing in a more fair and reasonable direction.
From the division of the "three worlds" to the scientific judgment that peace and development are the themes of the times, from the establishment of a new international political and economic order to the construction of a harmonious world, to the promotion of building a community with a shared future for mankind, China has promoted world peace at every juncture in history. Contribute wisdom and solutions to development.
The famous scholar Zheng Yongnian pointed out: "As a responsible major country, China has actively maintained and improved the international multilateral system and has become an important force in maintaining the post-war international order."
Beijing, Central Gifts and Cultural Relics Management Center. In the exhibition hall of "Friendly Exchanges, Fate and the Communist Party-Party and State Leaders Diplomatic Activities Gifts Exhibition", unique gifts, precious and informative text materials, and scenes of fresh scenes Lively video scenes attract the attention of the audience.
Among the gifts for diplomatic activities of party and state leaders that embodies the profound friendship between the Chinese people and the people of other countries in the world, and witnesses the brilliant achievements of the diplomatic cause of New China, there is a telegram sent by the United Nations to restore the legal seat of the People’s Republic of China.
"The Communist Party of China is a party that seeks happiness for the Chinese people, and is also a party that strives for the cause of human progress." On July 16 this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized when visiting here: "We will uphold peace, development, cooperation, and win-win results. Flag, deepen friendship and strengthen exchanges with people from all over the world, promote the building of a new type of international relations, promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, promote the high-quality development of the “Belt and Road”, and provide new opportunities for the world with China’s new development."
The big era requires a big pattern, and the big pattern calls for a big mind.
Standing at the forefront of the era of human development and progress, President Xi Jinping deeply pondered "what kind of world to build and how to build this world" and other major issues related to the future and destiny of mankind, and put forward the major initiative of building a community with a shared future for mankind, indicating different countries. , The common struggle direction of different nationalities and different civilizations.
British scholar Martin Jacques pointed out that the concept of building a community with a shared future for mankind has opened up a new path of civilized development featuring win-win cooperation, co-construction and sharing, and provided a new possibility for global governance. "This is an unprecedented great initiative and also changes the world. Great creation".
On the United Nations podium, time records the deep thread of thought——
In September 2015, at the General Debate of the 70th UN General Assembly, President Xi Jinping proposed for the first time the overall layout of the “five in one” building a community with a shared future for mankind in terms of partnership, security pattern, development prospects, civilization exchanges, and ecosystem. The path of harmony and the sonorous words are still fresh in the memory: "In today’s world, countries are interdependent and share weal and woe. We must inherit and carry forward the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, build a new type of international relations with win-win cooperation at the core, and build mankind. Community with a shared future."
In January 2017, at the United Nations headquarters in Geneva, facing the question of the times of "what is going on in the world, what shall we do", President Xi Jinping proposed to build a world of lasting peace, universal security, common prosperity, openness, tolerance, cleanness and beauty. A Chinese plan where peace is passed on from generation to generation, the momentum of development continues to flow, and the light of civilization shines.
On the road, the world is for the public.
The concept of a community with a shared future for mankind reveals the laws of history and conforms to the trend of the times. It inherits and promotes the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, supports the multilateral cause represented by the UN, and transcends and innovates traditional international relations theories.
From the concept of “building a community with a shared future for mankind” into the United Nations resolutions, to the leaders of nearly 300 political parties and organizations in more than 120 countries participating in the High-level Dialogue between the Communist Party of China and the world’s political parties, jointly advocating the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind, to building a China-Cambodia community , The signing of the China-Laos Community of Shared Destiny Action Plan... More and more foreign political leaders and friendly people have praised the concept of a community of shared future for mankind "depicting the path to realize the grand vision of mankind" and "pointing out the direction for the development and progress of mankind."
The light of thought for building a community with a shared future for mankind is gathering the majestic power to build a better future for mankind.
From fully supporting the global fight against the epidemic, working together to build a community of human health and health, to conspiring to build a global ecological civilization, promoting the building of a community of human and natural life and a community of life on earth, to proposing global development initiatives and building a community of global development with a shared future... China maintains And the firm determination and solid actions to practice multilateralism and support the development of the United Nations will allow the world to further see the positive changes China's continuous development has brought to the world, and to further feel the important value of the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind.
UN Secretary-General Guterres emphasized: "China has become an important pillar of multilateralism, and our goal in practicing multilateralism is to build a community with a shared future for mankind."
At present, the new crown pneumonia epidemic is still raging around the world, and human society has been profoundly changed.
The world has entered a new period of turbulent change.
How does the international order evolve?
How do countries get along with each other, especially big countries?
A series of major issues of the times concerning the peaceful development of the world are before the international community.
In the face of increasing global challenges, the vast majority of members of the international community advocate the promotion of the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, the practice of true multilateralism, and solidarity and cooperation to create a better future.
However, there are also individual countries clinging to the Cold War mentality, often claiming to maintain a "rule-based international order," trying to impose their own will and standards on others, replacing the generally accepted international laws with rules formulated by a few countries.
The fundamental difference between the two views of international order lies in whether the destiny of the world should be shared by all countries, whether international rules should be observed by all countries, whether global affairs should be governed by all countries, and whether development results should be shared by all countries.
To choose the way forward, to avoid losing oneself in the complex current international situation, we must use a historical telescope to review the past, summarize the laws of history, look forward to the future, and grasp the general trend of historical progress.
The formulation of the "United Nations Charter" laid the cornerstone of the modern international order and established the basic norms of contemporary international relations.
In the 76 years since the founding of the United Nations, the vast majority of developing countries have won national liberation and national independence, more than one billion people have been lifted out of poverty, and billions of people have embarked on the journey of modernization, which has greatly enhanced the power of world peace and development and profoundly changed the world pattern.
The deep demand of developing countries to control their own future and destiny and their unremitting pursuit of international fairness and justice have determined the historical trend of world multi-polarization and democratization of international relations.
At the moment, the new crown pneumonia epidemic warns the world in a special form that mankind is a community with a shared future.
In the face of common challenges, no one or any country can survive alone. The only way out for mankind is to work in harmony and coexist in harmony.
Otherwise, the world will only slide towards the law of the jungle where the weak eat the strong, and embark on the old road of division and even confrontation, which will bring catastrophic consequences to mankind.
Standing at the historical gate will test wisdom and responsibility even more.
President Xi Jinping emphasized: “There is only one system in the world, which is the international system with the United Nations as the core. There is only one order, which is the international order based on international law. There is only one set of rules, which is the basic international relations based on the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. Norms.” China’s clear answers to the question of the direction of the development of the international order have added stability to the system of international relations under adjustment.
Facing real challenges directly requires courage and determination.
China emphasizes the need to practice true multilateralism, opposes actions that undermine the international order, create confrontation and division under the banner of the so-called "rules", and must abide by the concept of mutually beneficial and win-win cooperation, and remove the high barriers that separate trade, investment, and technology. Create an inclusive and inclusive development prospect.
China's clear proposition of upholding fairness and justice and promoting common development conforms to the trend of the times and reflects international consensus.
Munir Akram, chairman of the United Nations Economic and Social Council, said with emotion, "What China advocates is true multilateralism" and "this is a path that is attractive to most countries in the world."
China is getting closer to the center of the world stage, and its influence in international affairs is constantly increasing.
China's development is not to surpass or replace who, but to enable the Chinese people to live a better life, and to promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.
China's greater role in international affairs is not to establish a separate stove and establish a so-called "parallel world", but to supplement and improve the existing multilateral mechanisms and enhance the global governance system's ability to respond to the challenges of the times and solve the problems of the times.
China has always believed that the essence of multilateralism is that international matters should be discussed and handled by everyone, and the future and destiny of the world should be controlled by all countries.
The solemn commemoration of the 50th anniversary of New China's restoration of its legal seat in the United Nations is another important declaration to safeguard and practice true multilateralism and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.
In September 2020 and September 2021, President Xi Jinping attended the general debate of the UN General Assembly by video.
Facing the complicated and severe situation brought about by the intertwining of a century of changes and the epidemic of the century, President Xi Jinping’s important speech upholds the banner of building a community with a shared future for mankind, injects confidence in international unity against the epidemic, points out the direction for common global development, and draws a grand blueprint for coping with the changes in the world .
"In the greatest common test we have encountered since the Second World War, all mankind faces a severe and urgent choice: to collapse or to make a breakthrough." During the UN General Assembly this year, UN Secretary-General Guterres issued " "Our Common Agenda" report sends a warning to the world.
In the face of the times, only actions can create the future.
Only by effectively responding to the needs of the times can the development of the United Nations cause stable and long-term development.
Under the current circumstances, the international community generally expects the United Nations to demonstrate its advantages in multilateralism and play an active role in responding to the challenges of the epidemic, restoring economic growth, and improving global governance.
China advocates the construction of a human health community to overcome the epidemic through solidarity and cooperation.
Fighting the epidemic is the most urgent task currently facing the international community. Only by adhering to the people's supremacy and life supremacy, and caring for everyone's life, value, and dignity, can the international community win this major struggle concerning the future and destiny of mankind.
To help the global fight against the epidemic, China has implemented the largest global humanitarian operation since the founding of the People's Republic of China and provided material assistance to more than 150 countries and international organizations.
Facing the “immune gap”, China has fulfilled its solemn commitment to make vaccines as a global public product. As of mid-October 2021, it has provided more than 1.5 billion doses of COVID-19 vaccine to more than 100 countries and international organizations. 100 million doses of vaccine.
China promotes a stronger, greener, and healthy global development and promotes the recovery of the world economy.
As the largest developing country in the world, China has always placed its own development in the coordinate system of human development and has always combined the interests of the Chinese people with the common interests of the people of all countries.
China puts forward global development initiatives, adheres to core concepts such as giving priority to development and putting people at the center. Starting from solving the most pressing problems facing developing countries, China proposes to promote poverty reduction, food security, anti-epidemic and vaccines, development financing, and climate change. Cooperation with eight key areas including green development, industrialization, digital economy, and interconnection is another major global public product and cooperation platform provided by China.
The proposal will effectively promote global development to a new stage of balance, coordination and inclusiveness, build a community with a shared future for global development, and accelerate the implementation of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
China maintains and practices true multilateralism and promotes the improvement of global governance.
China advocates that the United Nations hold high the banner of true multilateralism and become a core platform for all countries to jointly safeguard universal security, share development results, and jointly control the world's destiny; advocate the United Nations to be committed to stabilizing the international order and enhancing the representation of developing countries in international affairs We are at the forefront of promoting the democratization and rule of law in international relations; advocating that the United Nations advances work in the three major areas of security, development, and human rights in a balanced manner, formulating a common agenda, focusing on prominent issues, and focusing on taking actions to bring all parties to the multilateral The promise of ism has been fulfilled.
Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan once said: “For the common goal, all countries need to unite to shape our common destiny.” At the critical moment of the evolution of the international situation, China chose to answer the times with confidence, courage, and responsibility. The subject, fully demonstrates the solemn commitment of upholding true multilateralism and the responsibility of a major country that promotes the development of the global governance system in a more just and reasonable direction.
The world we live in is full of hope and full of challenges.
We cannot give up our dreams because of the complexity of the reality, and we cannot give up the pursuit of our ideals because of the remoteness.
China's cooperation with the United Nations has reached a new starting point.
Regardless of the past, present and future, China is a staunch supporter of the cause of the United Nations and will continue to move forward hand in hand with the United Nations to overcome all difficulties and challenges on the road ahead with a spirit of solidarity and cooperative actions.
No matter how the international situation changes, China has always been a builder of world peace, a contributor to global development, a defender of international order, and a provider of public goods. China will continue to work with all peace-loving countries and people to vigorously promote peace, The common values of development, fairness, justice, democracy, and freedom of all mankind, firmly practice true multilateralism, work together to promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, jointly build a better world, and push the wheel of history forward toward the bright goal.Keywords: