Those who did not receive the Corona vaccine may be infected again with Covid-19;

But after how many months?

Which is better: taking a booster dose from the vaccine itself or from another?

And has the World Health Organization failed patients with “long-term Covid”?

We start with the first question, as a recent study found that a person who was infected with corona, and did not receive the vaccination, can contract it again after a period of time.

The study was conducted by researchers from Yale Public Health and published in the October issue of The Lancet Microbe.

The study found that unvaccinated people can be re-infected with "Covid-19" every 16 months.

And after 3 months of infection with “Covid-19” for the first time, the risk of infection again is about 5%, according to the “National Post” website, quoting co-author Hailey Hassler.

After 17 months, this rate increases to 50%;

Hayley explains that these possibilities vary on an individual level.

The results of the study indicate that the natural immunity to the virus diminishes over time, given the importance of vaccination.

"Our results are based on average times of diminished immunity across many affected individuals," Hassler said. "Any of these individuals may experience longer or shorter periods of immunity depending on immune status, cross-immunity, age, and multiple other factors."

Which is better: taking a booster dose of the vaccine itself or a different one?

Dr. Anthony Fauci, the White House's chief medical advisor, said on Friday that a booster dose of the "Covid-19" vaccine can be taken that is different from the type of the previous dose, but he recommended taking the original vaccine if it was available.

"We generally recommend that the booster dose be of the kind you initially received," Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said in an interview with CNN.

"But for one reason or another, different circumstances may impose themselves, whether in terms of species availability or just personal reasons, then you can receive a different species," he added.

On Thursday, the American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended that the population take booster doses of the “Covid-19” vaccine for those who received doses of “Moderna” and “Johnson & Johnson,” and said that it is possible to choose a different vaccine from what they received. Previously.

The recommendations opened the door for recipients of a single dose of Johnson & Johnson to take a dose of the "Pfizer" or Moderna vaccine, which showed greater protection in several studies.

Has the World Health Organization failed long-term “Covid” patients?

The World Health Organization has recently issued its medical definition of what it called “post-Covid-19 disease”, and this definition is too late and its narrow scope does not recognize the disability and diseases caused by “long-term Covid” and its long-term effects on the quality of life of the infected and their average life, according to what Dr. Ziad sees Al-Ali, a researcher in the field of "long-term Covid", in an article for the British newspaper "The Guardian", also believes that failure to recognize the wide scope of the disease will harm a large number of people around the world.

Al-Ali says that the reasons for ignoring the World Health Organization’s definition of the term “long-term Covid” and not adopting it are not clear, a term coined by patients with corona;

These pandemic patient advocates and researchers have drawn attention to the existence of this disease, and highlighted the long-standing Covid-19 pandemic.

And within a few months, they were able - according to the article - to create a massive research and awareness movement led by people with the disease, who were the first to count individuals with symptoms of "long-term corona", and to prepare an index for a wide range of health problems caused by infection with the Corona virus, and their contributions will be included in records History as an important inflection point in the study of the pandemic.

According to Al-Ali, it can be said that without their efforts, “long-term Covid” would have remained for a long time a marginal condition that governments, health systems, and academic research institutions ignore, and view it as a secondary problem.

He believes that those who coined the term "long-term Covid" represent the 21st century version of the brave AIDS activists who have changed the ways in which governments and the public have dealt with AIDS.


The writer calls on the World Health Organization to officially adopt the term "long-term Covid", as he believes that those who developed the term deserve great respect and appreciation, and deserve to be celebrated as heroes, not only by including some of them on WHO committees, but also by recognizing that Without them, none of us would have talked about "long-term Covid."

Al-Ali says that in addition to not adopting the name invented by patients affected by the pandemic, the definition of the World Health Organization is based solely on symptoms, ignoring many of the long-term health repercussions caused by “Covid-19”, including diabetes, heart disease and kidney disease, which are Chronic diseases that affect the health of affected individuals for life.

It affects not only the quality of life, but also the life expectancy of individuals.

Given the millions of people affected around the world - this will certainly increase the global burden of these diseases, and put additional pressures on already overburdened health systems.


We need to pay attention to this now and make sure that our governments and health systems are prepared to deal with the wave of patients suffering from these chronic conditions.

Al-Ali warns in his article that the long-term repercussions of infection with “Covid-19” also include the emergence of new chronic diseases in the metabolic system and cardiovascular diseases, and failure to realize these repercussions will cause the world to be unprepared to deal with the huge effects of the post-coronavirus infection, Which may result in a public health crisis that will continue for decades.

A diagnosis of exclusion

The author points out that the definition of the World Health Organization builds the diagnosis on the idea that the symptoms cannot be explained by an alternative diagnosis, and this makes the diagnosis of “long-term Covid” a diagnosis of exclusion, further marginalizing this disease.

"I am concerned that this short-sighted definition of (long-term Covid) may be used by governments and health insurance companies to downplay the severity of the disease and refuse to cover it with health insurance," he says, which may add fuel to the fire by giving those parties a moral excuse to sow more doubts. In the presence of this disease and described its ill effects as an "invention" of active groups of patients, according to the author.

The writer concluded by saying that millions of patients suffering around the world deserve a better life, and that the World Health Organization, governments of countries and health systems around the world must do a better job in order to prepare for the long-term repercussions of “Covid”.

He warned that failure to recognize the scope of the problem and prepare for it now threatens to undermine much of the progress made in global health sectors over the past decades.

Keywords: world health organization, vaccine, covid-19, anthony fauci, patients, booster dose, disease, study, person, people, corona, researchers, al-ali, vaccination, yale public health