Xinhua News Agency, Jinan, October 22. Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, President of the State and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, hosted a symposium on in-depth promotion of ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin and delivered an important speech on the afternoon of the 22nd in Jinan, Shandong Province.

He emphasized that it is necessary to scientifically analyze the current situation of ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin, grasp the major issues that promote the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, set goals, be down-to-earth, work hard and work hard for a long time to ensure the "14th Five-Year Plan" "Ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin have achieved remarkable results during the period, and they have made unremitting efforts for the Yellow River to benefit the Chinese nation forever.

  Han Zheng, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Vice Premier of the State Council, attended the symposium and delivered a speech.

  At the symposium, He Lifeng, Director of the National Development and Reform Commission, Yin Hong, Secretary of the Gansu Provincial Party Committee, Lin Wu, Secretary of the Shanxi Provincial Party Committee, Li Ganjie, Secretary of the Shandong Provincial Party Committee, Lu Hao, Minister of Natural Resources, Sun Jinlong, Secretary of the Party Leadership Group of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, and Li Guoying, Minister of Water Resources Give a speech, introduce the work situation, and put forward opinions and suggestions.

The main responsible comrades of other provinces and regions who participated in the symposium submitted written statements.

  After listening to everyone's speeches, Xi Jinping delivered an important speech.

He emphasized that since the Party Central Committee has upgraded the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin as a national strategy, we have carried out a lot of work to solve the contradictions and problems existing in the Yellow River Basin, and set up "four beams and eight pillars" for the protection and management of the Yellow River to rectify the ecological environment. Promote ecological protection and restoration, improve the governance system, and make new progress in high-quality development.

At the same time, we must also be aware that there are still some outstanding contradictions and problems in the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin. We must adhere to the problem-oriented approach, make persistent efforts, and unswervingly do all the work.

  习近平指出,沿黄河省区要落实好黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展战略部署,坚定不移走生态优先、绿色发展的现代化道路。第一,要坚持正确政绩观,准确把握保护和发展关系。把大保护作为关键任务,通过打好环境问题整治、深度节水控水、生态保护修复攻坚战,明显改善流域生态面貌。沿黄河开发建设必须守住生态保护这条红线,必须严守资源特别是水资源开发利用上限,用强有力的约束提高发展质量效益。第二,要统筹发展和安全两件大事,提高风险防范和应对能力。高度重视水安全风险,大力推动全社会节约用水。要高度重视全球气候变化的复杂深刻影响,从安全角度积极应对,全面提高灾害防控水平,守护人民生命安全。第三,要提高战略思维能力,把系统观念贯穿到生态保护和高质量发展全过程。把握好全局和局部关系,增强一盘棋意识,在重大问题上以全局利益为重。要把握好当前和长远的关系,放眼长远认真研究,克服急功近利、急于求成的思想。第四,要坚定走绿色低碳发展道路,推动流域经济发展质量变革、效率变革、动力变革。从供需两端入手,落实好能耗双控措施,严格控制“两高”项目盲目上马,抓紧有序调整能源生产结构,淘汰碳排放量大的落后产能和生产工艺。要着力确保煤炭和电力供应稳定,保障好经济社会运行。

  Xi Jinping emphasized that the "14th Five-Year Plan" is a critical period for promoting ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin. It is necessary to grasp major tasks and implement them, and strive to see the new atmosphere as soon as possible.

The first is to accelerate the construction of defense lines against natural disasters.

Based on the prevention of major floods and major disasters, we must quickly check for leaks and make up for the weak links exposed in flood prevention and disaster relief, make up for the shortcomings of disaster early warning and monitoring, and make up for the shortcomings of disaster prevention infrastructure.

It is necessary to strengthen the construction of urban flood control and drainage systems, increase the construction of disaster prevention and mitigation facilities, and strictly protect the urban ecological space and flood discharge channels.

The second is to implement the "four waters and four determinations" principle in an all-round way.

It is necessary to resolutely implement the road of intensive and economical development with water to determine the city, water to determine the land, water to determine people, and water to determine production, and take the road of intensive and economical development that effectively guarantees water safety, efficient use of water resources, and significant improvement in water ecology.

It is necessary to carefully plan and use water resources, and manage water resources strictly and carefully.

It is necessary to innovate in water rights, pollution emission rights and other trading measures, make good use of fiscal and taxation levers, and give full play to the role of the price mechanism to force the improvement of water conservation effects.

The third is to vigorously promote environmental protection and governance.

The upper reaches of the water production area focuses on maintaining the integrity of the natural ecosystem, integrated protection of the unique ecosystem of the plateau alpine region, and an orderly implementation of the system of rest and recuperation.

We must do a good job in the control of soil erosion and desertification in the upper and middle reaches, and promote the comprehensive management of watersheds.

It is necessary to strengthen the comprehensive environmental management of downstream river courses and beach areas, and increase the biodiversity of the estuary delta.

It is necessary to implement a comprehensive treatment project for environmental pollution.

The fourth is to accelerate the construction of a new pattern of land space protection and utilization.

It is necessary to increase the level of transfer payments to key ecological function areas in the river basin, so that these areas will be dedicated to protection and the appropriate development of ecological characteristic industries.

The development of agricultural modernization requires benefits from water saving, benefits from science and technology, the development of dry farming, and the promotion of high-standard farmland construction.

Urban agglomerations and metropolitan areas should develop intensively and efficiently, and they should not expand blindly.

The fifth is to take solid steps in high-quality development.

It is necessary to persist in innovation and creation, and improve the level of synergy between the industrial chain and the innovation chain.

We must advance the energy revolution and stabilize energy supply.

It is necessary to improve the level of interconnection with the coast and along the Yangtze River, promote the construction of new infrastructure, and expand effective investment.

  Xi Jinping pointed out that the Party Central Committee has made comprehensive arrangements for the promotion of ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin. Working mechanism, each fulfilling its responsibilities and taking the initiative.

We must mobilize the enthusiasm of market players and social forces.

  Xi Jinping emphasized that since the beginning of late July, some parts of the Yellow River Basin have suffered rare floods. All relevant places must do a good job in post-disaster recovery and reconstruction, especially to care for and help the people who are in trouble because of the disaster, and to ensure the basic livelihood of the people. Ensure the normal order of production and life.

Attention should be paid to overcoming the effects of the autumn flood season, taking targeted measures to do a good job in autumn and winter planting.

As winter is approaching, all localities must make plans and make plans as early as possible to ensure that the people use electricity and heat for their lives, and ensure that the people stay warm through the winter.

  Han Zheng said in his speech that he must earnestly study and implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech and instructions, and further enhance his sense of responsibility and mission to promote ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin.

We must adhere to a problem-oriented approach, coordinate water safety and optimal utilization of water resources, protect ecological and domestic water, and strictly control excessive expansion of high water-consuming capacity.

Starting from the systemicity and integrity of the ecological environment of the Yellow River Basin, we should strengthen the capacity building of upstream water conservation, water and soil conservation in the middle reaches, protection of wetlands in the downstream and ecological management, and promote the restoration of ecological environment protection by division and classification.

It is necessary to steadily promote the high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, build a modern industrial system with distinctive advantages, attach great importance to the clean utilization of coal, and build an important national energy base.

It is necessary to firmly establish a sense of the overall situation, gather great protection and joint efforts, and resolutely implement the key tasks of ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin.

  In order to hold this symposium well, from the 20th to 21st, accompanied by Shandong Provincial Party Secretary Li Ganjie and Acting Governor Zhou Naixiang, Xi Jinping went deep into Dongying City’s Yellow River estuary, agricultural high-tech industry demonstration zone, and residents of the Yellow River’s original flood storage and detention area. Relocation of communities, etc., to understand the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin on the spot.

  On the afternoon of the 20th, Xi Jinping came to the estuary of the Yellow River, leaning on a railing, looking at the water conditions of the river, and inquiring in detail about the runoff and the amount of sand transported.

Later, Xi Jinping walked into the Yellow River Delta Ecological Monitoring Center to listen to the introduction of the Yellow River Road changes, water and sand changes, and the Yellow River Delta biodiversity protection.

He emphasized that I have always been very concerned about the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin. When I come here today, I have walked along the upper, middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River.

Solidly promoting the protection of the Yellow River and ensuring the stability of the Yellow River is a major task of governing the country.

It is necessary to strengthen the construction of a comprehensive flood prevention and disaster reduction system, strengthen the management and control of aquatic ecological space, improve the emergency response capacity of flood and drought disasters, and ensure safety along the Yellow River.

  Xi Jinping listened to the report on the Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve and observed the ecological environment of the Yellow River Delta wetland along the boardwalk.

He pointed out that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the consciousness and initiative of party committees and governments at all levels to implement the concept of green development have increased significantly.

The ecological status of the Yellow River Delta Nature Reserve is very important, and it is necessary to step up plans to create the Yellow River Mouth National Park, scientifically prove it, and make solid progress.

Xi Jinping emphasized that on the new journey of achieving the second centenary goal, we must adhere to ecological priority and green development, carry forward the concept of ecological civilization, and enhance the socialist modernization drive.

  On the morning of the 21st, Xi Jinping came to the Yellow River Delta Agricultural High-tech Industry Demonstration Zone for investigation and investigation, walked into the modern agricultural experiment and demonstration base of saline-alkali land, observed the growth of soybeans, alfalfa, quinoa, and green manure crops, and learned about the ecological protection and comprehensive utilization of saline-alkali land, and salt-tolerant Plant breeding and promotion.

Xi Jinping emphasized that the comprehensive utilization of saline-alkali land is of great strategic significance for ensuring national food security and securing China's rice bowl.

It is necessary to strengthen basic research on germplasm resources, protection and utilization of arable land, change the concept of breeding, transform from managing saline-alkali soils to adapt crops to selecting saline-alkali-tolerant plants to adapt to saline-alkali soils, tap the potential for development and utilization of saline-alkali soils, and strive to focus on key core technologies and important innovation areas Make breakthroughs and accelerate the transformation of scientific research results into actual productivity.

  In the 1970s, the people in the original flood storage and detention area of ​​the Yellow River in Dongying City responded to the call of the state to move to houses along the Yellow Dike.

Since 2013, Dongying City has carried out housing demolition and reconstruction in 66 Fangtai Villages to build new communities.

Xi Jinping came to the Yangmiao community, walked into the convenience service center, the elderly restaurant, and the straw processing cooperative, and inquired in detail about the community’s strengthening of grassroots party building, the development of convenient services, and the promotion of people’s income.

At Xu Jianfeng's home, Xi Jinping inspected the bedroom, kitchen, bathroom, etc., and three generations of people from the same family sat and talked.

Xu Jianfeng told the General Secretary that they used to live in an old house in Fangtai Village along the Yellow Dike. They moved into the building here in 2016. Their living conditions are better and there are more opportunities for employment. They thank the party for its good policies.

Xi Jinping pointed out that the Party Central Committee attaches great importance to the relocation of residents in the Yellow River beach area to ensure that the people live and work in peace and contentment.

It is necessary to do a good job in housing and enriching the people, and coordinate the promotion of relocation and resettlement, industrial employment, public facilities and community service system construction to ensure that the people can move, live stably, develop and become rich.

We must give full play to the role of grassroots party organizations as a fighting fortress, and strive to build communities into a happy home for the people.

When leaving the community, the cadres and the masses greeted the general secretary loudly.

Xi Jinping wishes everyone a happy life and good health, and the children grow up sturdily.

  On the afternoon of the 21st, Xi Jinping came to the Shengli Oilfield Exploration and Development Research Institute to learn about the development and construction process of the oilfield and the overall situation of the research institute. Introduction to the protection of national energy security, etc.

Xi Jinping emphasized that solving the core needs of oil and gas is an important task we face.

It is necessary to increase exploration and development efforts, consolidate the foundation of domestic production, and improve self-protection capabilities.

It is necessary to concentrate resources to overcome key core technologies, accelerate clean and efficient development and utilization, and improve the quality of energy supply, utilization efficiency and carbon reduction level.

He pointed out that the oil front has always been a banner for the reform and development of the Republic, and it is necessary to continue to hold this banner well and make new contributions and achieve better results in ensuring the country's energy security and economic and social development.

  After leaving the research institute, Xi Jinping came to Block Lai 113 of Shengli Oil Field in Laizhou Bay of Dongying City to learn about the R&D and application of carbon dioxide capture, utilization and storage technology.

He boarded the second floor drilling platform, inspected the drilling automation equipment, walked into the operation room, and had a cordial communication with the workers who were working.

This year marks the 60th anniversary of the discovery of Shengli Oilfield.

On behalf of the Party Central Committee, Xi Jinping expressed high respect to the oil workers who have contributed to China's energy industry.

Xi Jinping urged everyone to inherit and carry forward the revolutionary spirit and fine traditions of the older generation of oil people, always maintain the red background and fighting feelings of the oil people, and make greater contributions to the cause of socialist modernization.

  Xi Jinping fully affirmed the work of Shandong since the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, and encouraged them to work hard to lead the way in serving and integrating into the new development pattern, to lead the way in enhancing innovation in economic and social development, and to promote ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin. Go ahead, continue to improve people's lives, promote common prosperity, and create a new era of socialist modernization and construction of a strong province.

  Ding Xuexiang, Liu He, Chen Xi, He Lifeng and others accompanied the inspection and attended the symposium. Responsible comrades of relevant departments of the central and state organs, and responsible comrades of relevant provinces and regions attended the symposium.

Keywords: xi jinping, development, symposium, protection, yellow river basin, promotion, nation, chairman, 22nd, yellow river, results, importance, goal, jinan, utilization.it